Croup is one of the common illness in children that is characterized by the respiratory illness caused by a variety of viruses. It is the viral infection of the throat which affects the voice box and windpipe. Croup causes inflammation and oedema of the upper airway, including the larynx, trachea, and bronchi and it further results in subglottic narrowing.
Calcium is the most abundant mineral in the body and is one of the essential mineral required by the body for the healthy functioning of the heart, muscles, and nerves. Calcium gives strength and structure to the bones. Basically, calcium is a fundamental part of the body and its importance is related to the functions it performs in bone mineralization.
Vitamins are essential for everyone as they play an important role in the functioning of the body. Vitamins ensure that the body functions normally and is able to fight diseases and heal well. Vitamins are chemical compounds that can be found in natural foodstuff and insufficiency of vitamins in the diet can lead to various diseases and many serious ones in the future.
Hypokalemia is one of the most commonly encountered abnormality and it occurs when the level of serum potassium in the blood drops to < 3.5 mEq/L. It is characterized by the potassium deficiency that can either be due to inadequate potassium intake or excessive potassium loss. Potassium plays one of the most important functions in the human body as it is required for the functions of the cells, especially nerves and muscles.
Menopause is that time when a woman has had her last menstrual period and she has not had her menstrual periods for twelve months. It occurs when the ovaries fail to produce estrogen and usually, the experience of complete loss of the production of estrogen is by the mid 50’s. The failure of the production of estrogen often begins in the late 30’s.
The nail is a unique structure that functions to improve the fine touch sensation, to protect the distal digit and it also enhances the appearance of the hands. The nail is a specialized keratinous appendage that is produced by a germinative epithelium.
Polio, also known as poliomyelitis is an infectious disease that occurs when an individual comes in contact with the polio virus that invades the nervous system in the humans. Polioviruses are human enteroviruses of the picornaviridae family and this virus can cause paralysis and irritation of the lining of the brain.
Ulcerative colitis is one of the most common types of inflammatory bowel disease which has a high prevalence. It is a lifelong disease that can develop at any age and is associated with significant morbidity. It highly affects a person’s social and psychological well being, especially if it is poorly controlled.
Sexual problems are highly prevalent in both men and women and it is commonly known that gynaecologist is the right expert to consult regarding any problem that is related to the female reproductive system. But it is known to very few that there are specialized doctors who treat the problems that are related to the male sexual health or the reproductive system.
Iodine is essential for the human body. It is a chemical element for the hormones that are produced by the thyroid gland. The human body does not make iodine, but it is found in various food items. Therefore, iodine plays an essential part in the diet. If an individual does not have enough iodine in the body, it is unable to produce enough thyroid hormones.