An infectious disease that usually affects the lungs is the second most common reason for the prevalence of death across the globe. It can transmit from person to person. A multisystemic disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis(TB) which is actually a rod-shaped bacterium is the most common cause of infectious disease-related mortality worldwide. According to the World Health Organization, more than 9 million people get sick from tuberculosis every year. It is among the top 3 causes of death in women aged between 15 to 44 years.
There are still many who are unaware of the condition. So, we present 5 things that you should know about tuberculosis:
1. What causes Tuberculosis? Mycobacterium tuberculosis is the bacteria that is the major reason behind tuberculosis. These bacteria grow slowly and spread through the air. So, whenever a person suffering from tuberculosis sneezes, coughs, spits, laughs, there are high chances that a person standing near him get affected by the condition. Therefore, it is contagious, but not that easy to catch. The bacteria have a unique cell wall that helps protect it from the body’s defenses and helps to destroy it.
2. What are the risk factors involved? People who have compromised immune system are more at risk of developing tuberculosis.The use of tobacco has always been found to be an active trigger of TB.
Some of the risk factors associated with the condition are:
- Certain Cancer
- Kidney Disease
- Drug Abuse
- Transplant patients
- HIV patients
3. What are the symptoms?
The symptoms of active TB include the following:
- Loss of appetite
- Night Sweats
- Weight Loss
- Chest Pain
- Swollen Lymph Nodes
4. What is the diagnosis? Only because this condition occurs as a latent or active form, the diagnosis basically depends on the culture of mycobacteria. It also takes the help of tissue biopsy. To check the symptoms, the doctor first uses a stethoscope to listen to the lungs and also check the swelling in the lymph nodes. You will be asked about the symptoms as well as the medical history. The most common test is skin test where a small injection of PPD tuberculin is made just below the inside forearm. It must be known that these tests are not 100 percent accurate and sometimes have been found to give positive as well as negative results.
5. What are the treatments available? The majority of cases have been cured when the correct medication has been prescribed to the patient. There are various medications available on an online pharmacy that when administered carefully treats the medical condition. Antibiotics are regularly taken for a long time. The standard course is 6 months. The medications sometimes may be toxic to the lever, this is why it is important to regularly consult the doctor.
These are the 5 common questions that people have in their mind but they do not ask. Read this and share with your friends and family to create awareness. Stay Fit Stay Healthy.