A Quick Guide To Avoid Common Winter Ailments In Children

 

So, winter has arrived and so is the risk of several ailments. Read the complete blog and get to know some of the  most common winter ailments in children. You will also come across the symptoms and preventive measures that you can consider to keep your children protected. 

 

A Quick Guide To Avoid Common Winter Ailments In Children

Common Cold

Common cold is a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. It is generally inoffensive, although most people don’t feel that way. Common cold can happen due to several viruses and the symptoms generally depends on the virus causing it. 

Children under the age of 6 years are at highest risk of getting the common cold. Although, a normal healthy adult can also have it twice or thrice a year. 

People can recover from common cold within 7-10 days. The condition can persist for a longer duration for the people who smoke. 

 

What Are The Symptoms Of Common Cold?

The signs and symptoms one experience in common cold depends on the virus responsible for causing the disease. Some of the common symptoms are listed below:

  • Stuffy nose
  • Nasal drainage
  • Sneezing
  • Fatigueness
  • Hoarseness
  • Low-grade fever
  • Sore throat
  • Headache
  • Earache
  • Body ache
  • Loss of appetite

 

How To Prevent It?

  • Wash your hands regularly
  • Cover your cough
  • Avoid sick people
  • Take good care of your gut

 

Also Read: What Do You Need To Know About Renal Cancer?

 

Flu

It is also one of the most common respiratory illnesses caused due to a viral infection. The condition is extremely contagious and can transmit through the wheezing droplets. An infected person can pass on the ailment by talking or making physical contact with another person. 

The symptoms can develop all of a sudden, and usually after 2 days of getting infected. Within a week, most symptoms of the flu gets vanished, but cold may last for about 2 weeks. 

 

What Are The Symptoms Of Flu?

  • Fever over 100.4 °F (38 °C)
  • Headache
  • Weakness
  • Fatigueness
  • Muscle aches
  • Dry, persistent cough
  • Sweats and chills
  • Nasal congestion
  • Sore throat

 

How To Prevent It?

  • Avoid close contact with infected people
  • Try to stay at home when you’re sick
  • Cover your nose and mouth
  • Clean your hands often with a good quality soap
  • Avoid touching your nose, eyes or mouth

 

Bronchitis

Bronchitis is a condition in which the bronchial tubes which transport air to the lungs gets swollen and inflamed. People with bronchitis ends up coughing thickened mucus, which can be decolored.

Bronchitis can be either acute or chronic. Acute bronchitis is very prevalent that provides you with mild symptoms. Whereas chronic bronchitis is rare and causes severe symptoms like constant agitation in the inner lining of the bronchial tubes. 

 

What Are The Symptoms Of Bronchitis?

  • Fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Wheezing sound while breathing
  • Chronic cough that produces mucus
  • Mild fever
  • Mild body aches
  • Sore throat
  • Watery eyes
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest discomfort

 

How To Prevent It?

Although, it is not always feasible to prevent acute or chronic bronchitis, but considering the following tips can reduce the risk. 

  • Maintain good hygiene of hands
  • Stay updated with the recommended vaccine doses
  • Quit smoking, and also avoid exposure to second-hand smoke, dust, chemicals, and air pollution
  • While coughing or sneezing, cover your mouth with a handkerchief
  • Keep distance from sick people

 

Pneumonia

In Pneumonia, the air sacs in one or both of the lungs gets inflamed and fills up with fluid or pus. Different kinds of bacteria, viruses and fungi can cause pneumonia. 

Although pneumonia can happen in people of any age group, the effects are usually very severe in infants, older adults or those with suppressed immune system. 

In the United States of America, about one million people receives treatment in the hospital each year. The surveys suggest that nearly 50,000 people meet deaths every year from the disease. 

 

What Are The Symptoms Of Pneumonia?

  • Cough that produces mucus
  • Fever
  • Sweating or chills
  • Chest pain that gets worse while coughing or even breathing
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Loss of appetite 
  • Headache
  • Shortness of breath when you carry out regular activities or simply resting

 

How To Prevent It?

In several cases, you can prevent pneumonia. Consider the following preventive measures:

 

 

1. Vaccination

 

 

The initial step in prevention against pneumonia is to get vaccinated. Several vaccines are available, which can help prevent the disease. It includes:

 

Prevnar 13: According to researchers, this particular vaccine is operative against 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC) endorses the immunization for:

 

Children of ages less than two years

 

Adults of ages 65 years or more

 

People having ages between 2 years and 64 years with chronic conditions

 

Pneumovax 23: Scientists believe that Pneumovax 23 vaccine is effective against 23 types of pneumococcal bacteria. CDC endorses the immunization for:

 

Adults of ages 65 years or more

 

Adults having ages between 19 years and 64 years who smoke 

 

People having ages between 2 years and 64 years with chronic conditions

 

Flu Vaccine: Sometimes, complications of flu can be the underlying cause for your condition of Pneumonia. For this reason, every person of 6 months or older should receive a flu shot every year. People who are at high risk should never disregard the importance of the annual flu shot. 

 

Hib Vaccine: It protects against Hib(Haemophilus influenzae type b) bacteria that may cause Pneumonia or Meningitis. CDC endorses the vaccine for:

Children under the age of 5 years

 

People who have undergone a bone marrow transplantation

 

Older children and adults having certain chronic health conditions

 

2. Other Prevention Tips

  • If you smoke, consider smoking cessation. Smoking makes you more prone to several respiratory illnesses, including pneumonia. 
  • Wash your hands with soap and water before every meal.
  • Maintain a healthy lifestyle and reinforce your immune system. Have a healthy diet, exercise daily, and get a good night's sleep for about 6-8 hours. 

Get vaccinated and made these lifestyle modifications to reduce the risk of developing pneumonia. 

 

Strep Throat

Strep throat is a type of bacterial infection that makes the throat feel scratchy and sore. Strep throat extenuates for only a minor share of all sore throat cases. 

 

Streptococcus Pyogenes is the name of the bacteria that causes strep throat. The bacteria usually dwells in throat or nose. You can either get the disease from a person who has the disease or is a carrier of the bacterium. 

 

Strep throat  accounts for about 11,000-13,000 cases in the USA each year. Around 1100-1600 dies of the disease every year in the nation.

 

 

What Are The Symptoms Of Strep Throat?

  • Throat pain
  • Pain while swallowing
  • Red, swollen tonsils, sometimes with streaks of pus or white patches
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Body aches
  • Rashes
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting 

How To Prevent It?

  • Make sure to cover mouth while sneezing or coughing
  • Keep your hands clean
  • Avoid sharing personal belongings like eating utensils or dining utensils 

 

 

Sources:

https://my.clevelandclinic.org/

 

https://www.mayoclinic.org/

 

https://www.cdc.gov/

 

https://www.scripps.org/

 

https://www.medicalnewstoday.com/

 

 
 
 
 
 
Tags: illnesses caused by cold weather, diseases caused by cold temperature, illness caused by extreme cold