Abdominal pain is a common condition that often occurs when we suffer from excessive gas or bloating. It can be severe at times, which may require urgent investigation and treatment. Several chronic diseases can cause abdominal pain and require immediate treatment. Some of the diseases with abdominal pain as a common symptom are:
Nephrolithiasis, which is also known as kidney stones, is one of the most common problems of the urinary system. Millions of people are diagnosed with kidney stone every year, and it is often excruciating. It is usually defined as cramping pain in the back or the side that moves to the lower abdomen. The pain is often severe and sudden. Some other symptoms that are common among people suffering from kidney stone include a burning sensation while urinating, nausea and vomiting, frequent urination.
The formation of kidney stone is dependent on the physicochemical properties of urine, and any changes in the composition of urine lead to an increased risk of developing nephrolithiasis. Urine contains many dissolved minerals and salts, and when the level of these minerals and salt goes high, it can lead to the formation of stones. These stones can fill the inner hollow structure of the kidneys. When these stones travel down to the tube through which urine passes, and does not reach the bladder, it becomes lodged in the tube. It can lead to severe pain in the abdomen as it blocks the flow of urine from the kidney.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease
Gastroesophageal reflux disease is a chronic condition which is widely prevalent around the world. It is a condition that occurs when the contents of the stomach flow back into the food pipe due to the failure of the lower esophageal sphincter, which is located between the stomach and esophagus. Normally, the lower esophageal sphincter opens when the food enters the stomach, and after that closes the path to prevent the flow of food and acidic juices back to the esophagus. But when the lower esophageal sphincter becomes weak and does not close properly, it allows the food to flow back to the esophagus, which leads to gastroesophageal reflux disease. Heartburn, abdominal pain, and regurgitation are the most common symptoms of this disease. Many doctors believe that a hiatal hernia plays a role in the weakening of lower esophageal sphincter. A hiatal hernia is a condition in which the part of the stomach pushes up through the diaphragm muscles, which can result in a hiatal hernia when other factors like coughing and vomiting accompany it.
Abdominal aortic aneurysm
The abdominal aortic aneurysm is a complex disease that is caused by progressive weakening of the aortic wall and results in enlargement of the abdominal aorta. It is a frequent and severe condition that primarily affects older people. It has become a significant cause for the deaths of thousands of people every year.
Aorta is the main artery of the chest and abdomen, and it plays a vital role in carrying the blood flow from the heart to other parts of the body. This disease may cause no symptoms, but at times, it can cause abdominal, back, and leg pain. An aneurysm is caused due to the progressive breakdown of the proteins in the wall of the aorta, elastin, and collagen. The breakdown leads to a weakness of the wall of the aorta, and it slowly expands like a balloon. The exact cause of this disease is unclear, but advancing age, smoking, drinking, hypertension, atherosclerosis are considered to play some role in the development of the abdominal aortic aneurysm.
A peptic ulcer is a serious medical problem, and a large number of people are affected by this disease every year. It occurs in the lining of the gastrointestinal tract that is exposed to gastric acid or the enzyme pepsin. It is the non-malignant lesion of the stomach, in which acid and pepsin play a significant role.
The stomach produces pepsin and hydrochloric acid, which are present in the gastrointestinal tract and supports dissolving of food and the digestion process. When the ulcer is present in the stomach, it is known as gastric ulcer, and when it is present in the first part of the intestines, it is known as the duodenal ulcer. Gastric and duodenal ulcer - both can cause severe pain and often leads to problems with sleeping at night. While gastric ulcer worsens with eating, duodenal ulcer pain can be reduced by following a prescribed diet.