Anxiety can be defined as a normal and regularly occurring emotion that can be observed in all humans. It is normal and is experienced by all at some point. It is basically worrying about things which go away after a short duration of time but if the feeling of anxiety stays for a long time and start interfering with the ability to enjoy life and making it difficult for you to continue doing daily activities, then it is a topic of concern. It requires treatment as it may worsen if left untreated. It is a condition in which individuals think that they are in danger but in reality, they are not. Anxiety can come in many forms, it can be accompanied by the panic attacks, unwanted thoughts, uncontrolled behaviour and an extreme feeling of fear.
Symptoms of anxiety
Anxiety is defined by the behavioural, psychological and subjective characteristics. It is accompanied by the feeling of dread and apprehensive and many psychological reactions such as irregular heartbeat, increased blood pressure, sweating, and trembling. Some other symptoms of anxiety include
- Obsessive thoughts
- Extreme tiredness
- Difficulty with concentrations
- Trouble falling asleep
1. Panic disorder
Panic disorders are characterized as sudden panic attacks with a feeling of terror. These are sudden and repeated attacks that come with a fear of disaster or of losing control even when there is no real danger and the attack can stay for several minutes or longer. During these attacks, people might experience nausea, chest pain, stomach upset, irregular heartbeat and the feeling of numb and tingling in the hands.
Phobia is an extreme case of anxiety or fear which gets triggered by the particular situation or an object. Phobias throw significant impact on how you live your life and in the serious condition even thinking about the particular object or situation can trigger the symptoms of phobia. People suffering from phobia can experience symptoms such as smothering sensation, shaking, shortness of breath, numbness, sweating, nausea, and vomiting. Phobias can make a person stressed and causes a feeling of embarrassment.
3. Obsessive compulsive disorder
Obsessive compulsive disorder is a chronic disorder in which a person experiences unwanted and uncontrolled thoughts that repeatedly appears in their mind and it also involves repetitive actions to relieve the anxiety from the thoughts. For example, constantly worrying about the germs or dirt and repeatedly washing hands to get rid of the worry. People who suffer from obsessive compulsive disorder often find these thoughts interfering in their regular activities. Repeated actions also lead to the wastage of their time and affect them adversely.
4. Post traumatic stress disorder
Post traumatic stress disorder is a condition that people experiences after any shocking or scary event. Most people recover from any such traumatic event but some people experience serious distress and anxiety for many months or for years. It is characterized by emotional numbness and avoiding those things that make them remind of an event. It affects the concentrations and sleeping habits of a person and can cause insomnia. Post traumatic stress disorder is said to be a case of extreme anxiety and it is associated with the major risk factors.
It is important to seek some immediate help and cope up with the anxiety as the severe forms of anxiety is linked with major risk complications. Medical treatment varies from person to person as it depends on the severity of a condition and the type of anxiety disorder. But practicing good self care can work effectively in coping with anxiety.
Exercise has been shown to improve the symptoms of anxiety and is considered as a useful treatment for anxiety. Numerous studies suggest that exercise represents an affordable, promising and the easily accessible treatment option for individuals with anxiety.
2. Eat healthy food
Healthy eating is important for both physical and mental health. Foods that are rich in nutrients are known to have mood enhancing properties and works effectively in improving the symptoms of distress and depression. Nutrients like zinc, folic acid, magnesium, vitamin C and Vitamin B have been found to improve the mood by their role in the synthesis of neurotransmitters. These nutrients can be obtained from food items such as pumpkin seeds, cabbage, spinach, broccoli, beans etc.. Also, according to the researchers there are some food items such as cakes should be avoided as they are linked to the depression and distress.
3. Take good sleep
It is noted that anxiety is often linked to insomnia or difficulties with sleeping but taking rest and sleep and important to treat anxiety. Sleep plays an important role in the wellbeing of a person and sleep deprivation can worsen the condition of a person who is suffering from anxiety. Sleep reduces the symptoms of anxiety and helps in fast recovery.