Back Pain: Causes, Symptoms, Prevention & Treatment
Back pain is one of the most common health concerns for people residing in the United States of America. It is the main reason why many people take off from work to visit a doctor.
Scientists believe that more than 80% of people in the particular nation will have back pain, and this will come to $100 billion expense of people on health.
Read the blog further and get to gain complete insight on the back, including common symptoms, causes, risk factors, and treatment alternatives.
What Are The Symptoms Of Back Pain?
The main symptom of back pain is intense pain anywhere in the back that can even extend to the buttocks and legs. Although, some types of back pain can trigger pain to other body parts as well, which depends on the nerves that are affected.
Several treatments can help ease your back pain, but check with a doctor if it accompanies with some of the following symptoms:
- Weight loss
- Swelling or inflammation of the back
- Persistent back pain
- Pain that reaches below the knees to down the legs
- Difficulty in urinating
- Urinary incontinence
- Lack of control over bowel movements
- Numbness around anus, genitals or buttocks
- Recent trauma or blow to the back
When To See A Doctor?
Seek medical assistance in case :
- Your back pain doesn’t relieve with rest
- After a fall or an injury
- With fever
- With weakness
- With numbness in the legs
- With unascertained weight loss
What Causes Back Pain?
If the pain starts all of a sudden and gets relieved within six weeks, it is referred to as acute back pain and is less complicated. The back pain that exists for more than three months is rare and is referred to as chronic back pain.
Following are some of the most common causes that are often linked to back pain:
Muscle Or Ligament Strain
What Are The Risk Factors For Back Pain?
- Age: People develops back pain generally between the age of 30 years and 40 years. So, increasing age can be considered as one of the most prominent risk factors.
- Being Overweight: The extra body weight can impose extra strain on your back.
- Physical Inactivity: The unused and fragile muscles in your back and abdomen region can give rise to back pain.
- Medical Conditions: Some types of arthritis and cancer can lead to back pain.
- Smoking: Smoking decreases the blood flow in your lower spine. As a result, your body becomes incapable of delivering sufficient nutrients to the discs in the back. Not only this, but smoking can also decelerate the healing power of your body.
- Improper Lifting: Using your back rather than legs can cause back pain.
- Psychological Factors: People who are susceptible to anxiety and depression are at an elevated risk for back pain.
How Can You Prevent Back Pain?
You must look for effective ways to reduce your risk factors to avoid back pain:
Watch Your Weight
1. Quit Smoking: It's not an easy task for an active smoker to quit smoking at once. Talk to your healthcare specialist and know about some of the most effective ways.
2. Exercise Regularly: One of the most important things you can do to prevent back pain is to keep moving. Muscles are meant to move; if you do not touch them, you’ll hurt yourself in doing even some simple movements.
Choose low impact exercises like swimming, walking, etc. and maintain a healthy body weight with minimal strain.
3. Sleep Sideways: Sleeping sideways can be very beneficial. If you’ve developed a propensity to sleep on your stomach, you can simply keep a pillow under your lower abdomen. Having a suitable, supportive headrest and mattress is also very essential. In this way, you can have an adequate, restful sleep that will ease all of your pain.
4. Avoid Stress: Stress is the root cause of several ailments, including back pain. Stress can create unnecessary tension on your muscles, which can be the reason for your back pain. Any activity that reduces your strain can be advantageous in keeping back pain at bay. The activities include:
- Deep breathing
- Guided Imagery
What Are The Back Pain Treatment Alternatives?
In this section, you’ll come across some of the most popular treatment alternatives for back pain. But before opting for any of them, consult with your doctor. As delaying the standard care can be evil for your health.
Studies suggest that specific alternatives can efficiently reduce mild to moderate back pain when used, along with a comprehensive treatment plan.
There may not be scientific evidence to prove that massage therapy can be supportive. However, many people have reported that it calms and helps relieve chronic back pain.
Chronic back pain can also bring about anxiety and depression - massage therapy can quickly cure them. It is one of the most widely used treatment alternatives for lower back pain during pregnancy.
Acupuncture is a traditional therapy that has become widespread and well researched for addressing back pain. In this, the doctor inserts thin needles through the patient’s skin at specific points on the body to a varied level of depths. The needles are not intended to cause any kind of harm, pain, or discomfort.
Acupuncture was first introduced in China before some 2500 years. As per the traditional Chinese medicine, our body has more than 2000 pressure points. They are linked by pathways or meridians which formulate a flow of energy called Qi. When these points are stimulated, they can correct the disparity and enhance the flow of energy. In this way, it relieves back pain and improves your health.
Chiropractic care is believed to be one of the safest and most effective treatments for low back pain, a type of sudden trauma that results from getting tackled or moving a piece of massive furniture. It involves spinal manipulation and appears to lower symptoms and improve functioning in patients suffering from acute low back pain, sub-acute low back pain, and chronic low back pain. Use chiropractic care along with exercises to speed up the recovery process and prevent future episodes of back pain.
Certain studies suggest the effectiveness of chiropractic care in relieving headaches and neck pain as well.
Scientists believe that there’s a close association with the ineffectiveness of back pain treatment and vitamin D deficiency.
Vitamin D is a vital nutrient that you can quickly get with an adequate amount of sun exposure. The nutrient is also available in some foods like fish with small bones, fortified milk, etc.
Get Enough Calcium
Calcium is essential for maintaining good health of bones and teeth. Get adequate calcium along with vitamin D, can ease the back pain caused by conditions that impact bone strength and mass, like osteoporosis.
As calcium improves bone health, that doesn’t mean you need to take too much of the nutrient. Some of the calcium-rich foods are listed below:
- Dairy products like milk, yogurt, and cheese
- Green leafy vegetables like broccoli
- Canned sardines
If you’re not able to get enough calcium from the diet, consult a healthcare specialist who can prescribe an excellent health supplement.
Eat An Anti-Inflammatory Diet
What we eat and how much we eat can prevent and avoid a series of medical conditions, including certain types of back pain. Studies suggest that having an anti-inflammatory diet can be as beneficial for back pain as NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug).
Following foods can help fight inflammation:
- Green, leafy vegetables such as spinach, broccoli, kale and collards
- Nuts including walnuts and almonds
- Seeds of chia, pumpkin, and sunflower
- Healthy, monounsaturated fats such as avocado, olive oil, and canola oil
- Fatty fish such as sardines, salmon, and mackerel
- Bright-colored fruits and vegetables such as carrots, oranges, blueberries, beets, tomatoes, strawberries
Small international studies have illustrated the significance of hypnosis for chronic lower back pain. Hypnotherapy can make a person more open to accepting suggestions. The behaviors of a patient can be transformed, utilizing the technique, which can be the reason for your chronic back pain.
This therapy teaches people to enhance their posture and eradicate bad habits like slouching, which can increase muscle pain and tension and decreased mobility. Millions of people worldwide use this therapy for hundreds of years to relieve their chronic back pain.
Tags: Back pain treatment, Causes of back pain in female, Lower back pain symptoms