Balanitis is defined as inflammation at the end of the penis and generally, this condition affects the uncircumcised males. Uncircumcised problems are characterized by the red and inflamed glans and foreskin. According to the studies, Balanitis appears to be more common in men in the United States.

Causes of Balanitis

The most common cause of this disease is yeast, known as Candida albicans. While, candida albicans is the most common source of balanitis, but it can also be caused by any chemical or bacterial irritant. It can be caused by an irritation from chemicals in products that are applied to the skin, allergies to some medicines, and due to medical problems such as diabetes. Yes, diabetes increases the chances of getting balanitis, especially if the blood sugar level of the body is poorly controlled. Balanitis can also be caused by an overgrowth of yeast or bacterias that are present on the skin of the glans of the penis. Some other causes of balanitis may include:

 Balanitis - A Disorder Of Penis

  • Infrequent washing or too much washing
  • Not drying after washing
  • Minor trauma such as friction
  • Washing with disinfectants

Symptoms

Swelling and redness of the foreskin may indicate the occurrence of balanitis and it can also include white clumpy and yellowish discharge from the affected skin or from under the skin. Other symptoms of balanitis include:

  • Tightened foreskin
  • Itchy genitals
  • The painful skin on the penis
  • Pain in the genital areas
  • Unpleasant odour

Complications

Balanitis is associated with many complications and there are various health problems that can be accompanied by balanitis.

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1. Penile Cancer

The penis is a part of the urinary system and it is also the external male sex organ. It consists of many types of body tissues, such as skin, nerves, blood vessels, and smooth muscle. Penile cancer is the cancer of the penis and it occurs when the cells of the penis grow uncontrollably. Lump in the penis the first noticeable symptom of penile cancer and other symptoms include:

  • Itching
  • Changes in the color of penis
  • Thickening of the penile skin
  • Bleeding
  • Redness

2. Balanitis xerotica obliterans

Balanitis xerotica obliterans is an inflammatory disease that affects the the glans, foreskin, and urethra and makes it difficult to retract. It is a chronic, sclerotic dermatitis that involves the genital skin of men. Along with balanitis, this disease is also associated with conditions like hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism and vitiligo and all these health conditions leads to elevated blood sugar level. Uncontrolled diabetes or high blood sugar level is one of the causes of balanitis.

3. Buried penis syndrome

Buried penis syndrome is not a common disorder but it is highly correlated with the pathogenesis of balanitis. It usually occurs in two age groups- with peaking in infancy and adolescence. Various congenital effects have been reported with buried penis syndrome such as deficient penile skin, laxity of attachment, and excessive suprapubic fat.

4. Cellulitis

Cellulitis is a serious skin disorder that requires immediate action. It is characterized as a diffuse inflammation of the soft tissue or the connective tissue. It is a bacterial infection of the dermis and subcutaneous tissues and the most common infected organisms in adults are streptococci and staphylococcus aureus. Cellulitis is defined as an acute and progressive onset of a red, painful and swollen area of the skin and it can be accompanied by blistering, superficial hemorrhage into blisters, dermal necrosis, lymphadenitis and lymphadenopathy and legs are the most commonly affected area.

Treatment

Good hygiene is considered to be the best treatment for balanitis and physician will always advise keeping the area clean and free from soaps and other irritants such as lotion. Other than this treatment for this disease depends on the cause of it. For example, if the disease is caused by a yeast infection, an antifungal cream will be recommended. And if an infection is caused with the skin infection, an antibacterial cream will be recommended.


 

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