Commonly known as manic depression, bipolar disorder is a mental health condition that causes extreme mood swings which include emotional highs as well as lows. Sometimes, when you become depressed, you may feel sad or hopeless and lose interest in most of the activities whereas, in other times, your mood may shift to hypomania, that is you may feel euphoric, full of energy and also irritable sometimes.These mood swings may affect your daily schedule like sleep, judgment, energy, behavior and also ability to think clearly. The episodes of bipolar disorder might occur rarely or frequently. While most may experience all kinds of symptoms, some may not experience any. Although it is a lifelong condition, you can manage its episodes by following a treatment plan.

How bipolar disorder plays with your mood? 

Types:

There are various types of bipolar and related disorder:

  • Bipolar I disorder: In this, people may have a manic disorder for at least a week. Many may experience separate depression phases too. In some cases, it may also trigger a break from reality.
  • Bipolar II disorder: The people who have bipolar II disorder, may experience bouts of major depression, but instead of full manic episodes, they might have low-grade hypomanic swings which are less intense and also may last less than a week.
  • Cyclothymic disorder: In this disorder, mood swings between short periods of mild depression and hypomania, which is considered as an elevated mood. People have milder symptoms in this kind of disorder.

Also Read: How Psychosis disconnects you from reality?

How your mood gets influenced:

It is considered by extreme mood swings from mania to depression. The patterns vary for each person. For some people, the episode can last for weeks or months, while for others it may be shorter but more frequent.

The most common triggers involved are:

  • Caffeine and Alcohol
  • Seasonal changes
  • Substance Abuse
  • Thyroid Problems
  • Insufficient sleep

During the manic phase of bipolar disorder, you may feel very happy and energetic all the time. You may spend a large amount of money on the things that you can’t even afford and wouldn’t normally want. You may feel happy at one time and annoyed at another. At some times, you may feel very creative and exciting, whereas, at the other moment, you may feel like not eating, sleeping or talking to anyone. You can become annoying quickly. You may also experience the symptoms of psychosis that may affect your mental health in a negative way. The highs and lows phases of life are so extreme that they start affecting the normal lifestyle.

There are some treatments available:

  • There are various medications available that help in preventing the episodes of mania, hypomania, and depressions. They are also known as mood stabilizers and are taken for a long basis.
  • You can learn the ways to organize your triggers and also signs of depression.
  • You can do some regular exercises, plan some light activities, eat healthy food.

With these things, you might feel better and experience fewer symptoms. Share this with your friends and family to create awareness. Stay Fit Stay Healthy.


 

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