Hypertension is one of the serious health condition that is responsible for various deaths throughout the world. According to the researchers, millions of people around the world are living with the problem of hypertension. Hypertension is a major risk factor for various health problems such as ischaemic and hemorrhagic stroke, myocardial infarction, heart failure, chronic kidney disease, and cognitive decline.
What is hypertension?
Hypertension is a common but serious disease which is characterized by high blood pressure in the body. Blood pressure is the force of blood against the artery walls as it circulates through the body. Normally, blood pressure rises and falls throughout the day but when the blood pressure stays high or low, it causes a problem.
Hypertension is one of the leading cause of the development of cardiovascular disease. Generally, there are two types of hypertension:
- Primary hypertension - It is a condition when high blood pressure has no known cause. Genetic factor plays an important role in the development of primary hypertension.
- Secondary hypertension - It is a condition when high blood pressure results from another condition or disease.
Hypertension is a disease which rarely causes any symptoms. There are various factors that can trigger hypertension and some of the causes of hypertension are as follows:
1. CIGARETTE SMOKING
Cigarette smoking and high blood pressure are both known to be a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Cigarette smoking is associated with more than a hundred chemicals and most of them are poisonous. One of the most harmful chemical present in cigarette smoking is nicotine. Nicotine can be responsible for a lot of damage to the body. Nicotine leads to an increase in the blood pressure and causes irregular heart beat.
Also Read: Some Possible Causes Of Congenital Heart Defect
Obesity is considered to be an important risk factor that contributes to the development of hypertension. Obesity is one of the conditions that has become a serious health concern and whose prevalence is increasing at a very high rate. Obesity is defined as a condition in which an individual has excess body weight and this fat accumulation interferes in doing daily activities. Body mass index is a measure of weight, people who are overweight have high body mass index. According to one of the studies that were conducted on overweight people, individuals who had body mass index of above than the normal range have higher blood pressure.
Weight gain is associated with an increase in arterial pressure and it has been observed that weight loss causes a decrease in blood pressure in the body.
Excessive intake of salt is often known to increase blood pressure in the body. There are some pieces of evidence that suggest that a reduction in salt intake can delay or prevent hypertension in people. Hypertension is not only common in elderly people but it is equally common in the young generation and high intake of salt is one of the main cause of it. Salt is the main source of sodium in the body. Multiple studies have proved that cutting an intake of salt in the diet is strongly correlated with a decrease in the arterial pressure. You must have heard that excess intake of salt is dangerous for heart health and high blood pressure or hypertension is also a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.
Stress is another factor that has an impact on blood pressure. Most often, as the stress of an individual increase, there is an increase in arterial pressure. Stress has been listed to be an important cause of hypertension. Under the stressful condition, a body is more likely to produce a hormone that increases the pressure in the heart and makes it difficult for the heart to pump normally. Stress is considered to be one of the major risk factors for the development of cardiovascular disease. Stress is associated with the development of various health problems and high blood pressure and cardiovascular diseases are just two of them. Stress triggers the symptoms of various diseases.
Consumption of excessive alcohol is associated with hypertension. A number of studies suggest that regular consumption of alcohol increases the risk of hypertension. It is believed that people are more likely to have high blood pressure even after having just one drink a day. Consuming more than one drink a day substantially increases the risk of high blood pressure. Heavy consumption of alcohol is associated with chronic heart failure and hypertension is considered to be the most common cause of chronic heart failure. Alcohol is associated with the tightening of blood vessels. Also, alcohol is high in sugar and calories which is one of the risk factors of hypertension.
Hypertension is a silent killer that rarely cause any symptoms. Therefore, increasing public awareness is the only key for early detection. It is essential for people to know why raised blood pressure is dangerous and what are the common triggers of hypertension.
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Tags: High blood pressure diet, Hypertension causes, High blood pressure treatment
Annie is the oldest writer at Cheap Medicine Shop and is the subject and publishing expert. She has a graduate degree in medicines along with a diploma in creative writing.