The kidneys are an important part of the human body. It is commonly known as a functional unit. There are two kidneys in the human body. The kidney is located just below the liver.The kidney consists of around 11 lakh nephrons that are responsible for the filtration process of the blood. The kidney is responsible for maintaining various nutrients, vitamins and minerals in the body like sodium and potassium.The kidney is helping in the regulation of vitamin D which promotes the generation and development of red blood cells in the body. A disease like Obesity, high blood pressure and diabetes damages the nephrons in the kidney. This deteriorates the key functioning of the kidney in the body. Our kidney filters the blood over 400 times in a day.
The cause of swelling in the kidney is when the level of sugar increase in the diabetic patient then the kidneys are affected by this increase. In glomerulonephritis, kidney gets affected by infection. Due to this, the purification of blood process is reduced because of the swelling in nephrons.
Chronic kidney disease and its symptoms:
In Chronic kidney disease, the kidneys are first swollen and then shrinks to a smaller version of itself. Chronic kidney disease symptoms are seen lately. Chronic kidney disease patients have these symptoms such as swelling on face, swelling in feet, poor appetite, less amount of urination, itching problems and the body colour slowly turns to darker shades. The patient might be dealing with heart disease also.
The kidney has two kinds of disease. The initial one is acute kidney disease which occurs without any symptom. In this unit functioning of each kidney is delinquent at a very swift pace. This disease is frequently caused by Sepsis, Vomiting-loose motions, Malaria, HIV by exerting a high dosage of pain killer medicines and stimulation of sugar in the body due to diabetes. Severe kidney disease can be cured if it is detected and treated by the doctors on time.
In chronic Kidney disease, there is an extensive increase in other diseases too.
The chronic kidney disease is a disease which is incurable. In the first stage, it seems not to show any signs of its occurrence but there is an increase in blood, urea and serum creatinine.
The treatment is performed on the basis of the type of disease. With the help of medicines and conventional dialysis, the infection in the kidney can be healed. By practising proper meals and medicines it can be restrained but cannot be entirely cured. The kidney failure uncertainty increases when the level of urea and creatinine increase.
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Chronic Kidney disease treatments:
1. Through medicine
A person undergoing chronic kidney disease can be rehabilitated through medicines and dialysis. If the kidney fails than the last alternative is a kidney transplant. At the stage of chronic renal malfunction, the patient must undergo hemodialysis. In this method, the blood is thoroughly cleaned three times a week and twelve times a month.
2. Treatment by dialysis
Usually, dialysis is performed when chronic kidney disease is at a firm pace. The patient's blood is circulated in the machine. Within this process, the intoxicating substances are discharged and purified blood is obtained in an individual's body. Dialysis is performed two- to- three times a week. This utilises an absolute time of four hours. As per the stipulation of the patient the level may increase or decrease.
3. Treatment by cross-matching
After the failure of the kidney, kidney transplantation seems to be the only prospect left. It requires the blood of a relative which is suitable for a patient. If the process does not complete on time, it may cost the patient's life. If the blood of the donor and the patient do not match then, doctors have to perform cross-transplant.
4. Treatment by ABO
If a suitable donor of the required blood group is not available then the process of ABO(blood group) incompetent kidney implantation process is applied. The antibodies present in the blood group is removed so that after the implantation treatment the patient body can easily accept the donor's kidney.
5. Treatment by Robotic Transplant
Under the Laparoscopic kidney implantation process, a kidney is taken out through a small hole and using open surgery the kidney is transplanted inside the body. The robotic instruments are solely used for this treatment and surgery. Both the patient and the donor does not undergo any suffering during the whole process.
The kidney diseases are detected by blood urea, serum creatinine, serum electrolyte, and kidney function tests.
It is advised that if there is a history of chronic kidney disease in the family then other members of the family must take care and take proper preventive measures for well being of the kidney.
Tags: Complications Of Cirrhosis, List of global health threats by WHO for 2019, Ways To Keep Liver Healthy
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