Cancer is a disease in which a group of abnormal cells grows uncontrollably and it is one of the leading cause of death worldwide. Cancer has an ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body. According to studies, most of the cases of cancer are associated with some common risk factors such as tobacco use, dietary habits, consumption of alcohol, and infections. Also, genes and environment too play a dominant role in developing cancer. Taking care of the body and preventing it by adopting the healthy lifestyle is a key to reduce the risk of cancer.
1. Lung cancer
Lungs are the most important organ in the respiratory system and play a key role in the process of gas exchange. Lung cancer is considered to be the deadliest cancer of all types and is also a sole reason for millions of deaths. Lung cancer begins when the cells of the lungs start to grow uncontrollably and form a mass that is known as the tumor. There are many factors that affect the risk of lung cancer but cigarette smoking is one of the largest single factors that cause lung cancer. Carcinogens that are found in cigarette smoke leads to the DNA damage and it may result in the irreversible effects on the biological mechanism that controls the growth of the cells. Only 10% to 15% of total cases of lung cancer occurs in people who have never smoked. Most of the cases of lung cancer are not curable but the treatment depends on the type of lung cancer, the overall health of the person and the stage of cancer.
2. Breast Cancer
Breast cancer is one of the most common cancer and also the leading cause of cancer death for women. According to one study, every year more than one million women are diagnosed with breast cancer. It is a type of cancer that develops from the breast tissue and is usually felt as a lump in the breast. There are many different types of breast cancer and hormone receptor positive breast cancer is one of the most common types. It occurs when cancer grows in response to the hormones oestrogen and progesterone. There are many risk factors associated with breast cancer and some such factors include obesity, lack of physical exercise, hormone replacement therapy, consumption of alcohol etc..
3. Liver Cancer
The liver is a part of a digestive system that is located on the right side of the abdomen. It performs many functions such as it produces bile to dissolve fat, stores, and releases glucose whenever required, stores nutrients and many other functions. Liver cancer is also known as hepatic cancer that occurs when the malignant tumor starts in the liver. Malignant tumor means that it can grow and spread to other parts of the body. There are three types of liver cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, cholangiocarcinoma, and angiosarcoma. Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most frequent type of liver cancer.
Every year thousands of cases of cervical cancer are reported in the United States and it develops due to abnormal growth of cells. Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that begins from the cervix and have an ability to spread to other parts of the body. There are many risk factors that lead to the development of cervical cancer such as smoking, weak immune system, birth control pills, starting sex at a young age. According to the research, cervical cancer is both the leading cause of cancer and the leading cause of death of women from cancer. At the initial stages, cervical cancer is free from symptoms but later as this disease progresses, the symptoms of this disease is characterized as vaginal discharge and pain during sexual activity.
5. Colorectal Cancer
Colorectal cancer is also known as colon cancer and it is characterized as a change in bowel movement, weight loss, and fatigue. Most of the colon cancer starts as a growth on the inner lining of the colon and these growths are known as polyps. Polyps are of many types and over the time it can convert into cancer but all types of polyps do not convert into cancer. It depends on the type of the polyps. If cancer forms in the polyp, it grows in the wall of the colon or rectum. It is one of the common types of cancer and is associated with many risk factors. Some of the risk factors that can cause colon cancer include diet, obesity, smoking and a lack of physical activity.
It is important to create awareness of cancer and encourage people to start taking the warning signs seriously. It can help people know about the development of cancer at an early stage and they can save themselves from various attacks from the cancer. Share this post with the family and friends and create awareness among them. Tell them to start recognizing early warning signs and reduces the risk of many health problems. Stay Safe, Stay Healthy!!