Diabetes Care: 09 Best Ways To Prevent Complications
Managing diabetes is not limited to keeping the blood sugar level under control. It goes much beyond that.
In this article, you will come across some of the best tips you can follow to avoid long-term complications of diabetes. Not only this, you will experience overall health improvement in this way.
1.Manage Your Diabetes
As we all know, this is the first and most crucial step to prevent future complications. Your general practitioner, nursing staff, and dietician can help recognize the fundamentals better and offer optimum support. But, it ultimately depends on you how you administer your health.
What Can You Do?
Gather all the information about diabetes and ensure the following things:
- Have a healthy diet
- Involve yourself in some physical activities regularly
- Maintain a healthy body weight
- Keep a check on the blood sugar level
- Take your medications on time as prescribed by the doctor
- Seek the assistance of your healthcare team whenever required
2. Control Your Blood Pressure
Various complications of diabetes can occur with high blood pressure. It includes:
- Diabetic eye disorders
- Kidney disorders
- High blood pressure
- Heart disorders
People who have high blood pressure are susceptible to many serious diseases, including:
- Heart failure
- Coronary Artery Disease
- Peripheral vascular disease
What Can You Do?
- Have a low-fat diet
- Exercise regularly
- Take medications if required
3. Get Screened
Ensure you are getting your diabetes checked at least 3-4 times a year, along with the routine physical and eye checkups.
Physical Examination: During the exam, the doctor will ask about your diet and activity levels you perform in a day. He will then check for the following diabetes-related complications:
- Nerve damage
- Kidney damage
- Heart disorders
Eye Checkup: The eye care specialist will check for the following conditions:
- Retinal damage
4. Avoid Smoking
Smoking is injurious to health for an average person. It is even worse for people having diabetes. Due to the following reasons, the doctor recommends diabetic patients stop smoking:
- It raises the blood sugar level
- It damages the heart and blood vessels
- It can cause several respiratory disorders
- It hurts the eyes
5. Get Vaccinated
People with diabetes are already at risk of getting affected by several diseases. Getting routine vaccinations can help keep them at bay. Following injections are essential for people who have diabetes:
- Influenza vaccine: You need an annual shot of this vaccine to combat the quickly responding flu virus. It can help lower the number of deaths for people with diabetes.
- Pneumococcal vaccine: People with diabetes are at high risk of developing pneumonia, meningitis, bacteremia, and several other infections. You should get one shot of this vaccine before the age of 65 years and two further shots after you cross this age.
- Tdap vaccine: Tdap vaccine can prevent diseases like diphtheria, pertussis, and tetanus can be prevented. People with diabetes need to get the vaccine as quickly as possible to avoid the risk of complications.
- Zoster vaccine: People who are 50 years or older should get a shot of zoster vaccine to reduce the risk of developing shingles. Researchers have found that 1 in every 3 Americans gets shingles at some of the other points in their lifetime.
- Hepatitis B Vaccine: The HBV(hepatitis B virus) severely damages the liver and can lead to several liver-related ailments like liver cancer and cirrhosis. People under the age of 60 years should get this vaccine to avoid the risk of transmission of HBV infection.
6. Avoid Alcohol Consumption
Depending upon the way of drinking, your blood sugar level may increase or decrease. If you face trouble quitting alcohol at once, you can at least reduce the consumption. Moderate drinking can significantly lower complications.
What Do You Mean By Moderate Drinking?
01 standard drinks a day is recommended for:
- Males above the age of 60 years
02 standard drinks are recommended for:
- Younger males, who are below 60 years of age
How To Drink?
Alcohol dehydrates the body. So, make sure to drink plenty of water before drinking.
Create a list of items that leads to dehydration and don’t amalgamate them with alcohol.
Don’t drink on an empty stomach as you will sprawl to intoxication more quickly, and the effects would be worse.
7. Take A Daily Dose Of Aspirin
As per the recent guidelines of aspirin therapy, those who don’t have key risk factors along with diabetes are not recommended to take aspirin daily.
Men above the age of 50 years and women over the age of 60 years who have diabetes and other causative factors for stroke and heart diseases can take low-dose of aspirin regularly.
8.Improve Your Dental Care
Frequent dental visits are significant for people with diabetes. Diabetes increases the risk of the following:
- Tooth cavities: Our mouth naturally contains many bacteria. When these bacteria exposed to the sugar and starch present in the food and beverages, it creates a sticky film called plaque on the tooth's surface.
The surface of teeth has enamel and dentin, which gets attacked by the acid present in the plaque. It brings about cavities and gum disorders.
- Gingivitis: Diabetes lowers the capability to fight bacteria. When you don’t remove the plaque, it accumulates below the gum line and forms a substance called tartar. Due to this, gums get swollen and bleed easily. The condition is known as gingivitis.
- Periodontitis: This is a more serious and advanced form of gingivitis that ruins the bone and soft tissue that supports teeth. Your teeth may loosen and even fall out as a result of periodontitis.
9. Watch Out Your Feet
People with diabetes are more prone to foot problems than others. The reason being - it damages the blood vessels and decreases the amount of blood flowing in your feet.
Researchers have found that one in every five people with diabetes seeks hospital care because of foot problems.
If you have diabetes, make sure to get your feet tested once every year to reduce the risk of serious complications.
Tags: Diabetic patient care plan, How to prevent diabetes, Diabetes treatment