Impotence which is also known as erectile dysfunction is a sexual dysfunction which is defined as a persistent inability to attain and maintain the proper penile erection during sexual intercourse. There are many factors that can interfere in getting erections such as smoking, drinking, dietary habits and many more lifestyle of psychological factors. Also, there are many diseases as well that can interfere in the process of erectile function. It can be done by reducing the blood flow to the penis region or by affecting the nerves.

 5 Diseases That Could Be The Cause Of Impotence

1. Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is a disease that occurs with the hardening and the blockage of the arteries. It is a serious disease in which fatty substance called plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries and causes arteries to become narrow. This further leads to the reduction in the flow of the blood. Atherosclerosis is one of the causes of the development of erectile dysfunction as this disease leads to the macrovascular reduction of arterial inflow. Reduction in arterial inflow is not the only reason that causes erectile dysfunction, but atherosclerosis also leads to the inflammation and damage to penile cavernosal endothelium and smooth muscle. Atherosclerosis is a vascular disease and erectile dysfunction and vascular disease share a similar pathogenic involvement of the nitric oxide that leads to the impairment of endothelium dependent vasodilation and the abnormalities in the vascular structure. An impairment of endothelial cells is directly linked to the problems with erections.

2. Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative movement disorder that is characterized by the progressive disability of the motor and the cognitive dysfunction. According to the studies and clinical observation, erectile dysfunction is common among people who suffer from neurological disorders. People with Parkinson's disease often experience sexual disorders such as the decrease in the desires, problems with ejaculation and problems with erections. These sexual dysfunction increases with age and the risk of suffering from erectile dysfunction highly increases in people above the age of 50. Also, patients with Parkinson's disease witnesses decline in the production of dopamine and dopamine plays a key role in the libido and in getting proper erections. Erectile function is closely related to sexual motivation which remains under the control of the dopaminergic system. Deficiency of testosterone is another reason that can lead to the development problems with erections. Testosterone also plays a role in keeping erections and deficiency of testosterone leads to the occurrence of the symptoms of erectile dysfunction.

Also Read: 4 Diseases That Affect Men's Sexual Health

3. Thyroid disorder

According to many studies, disorders with thyroid hormone can cause erectile dysfunction and normalizing these hormones can prevent the risk of erectile dysfunction. In fact, both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism can affect the male reproductive system as it affects the erectile function and the semen quality in men. The thyroid gland is located on the base of the neck and releases thyroid hormone that controls the rate of metabolism. Hypothyroidism is a condition of low thyroid or a condition in which the thyroid gland produces very less thyroid hormone. Whereas, hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland produces an excessive thyroid hormone. These are the disorder of the endocrine system and abnormalities in the endocrine disorders can cause problems in the erectile function. Thyroid disorders are associated with the production of the hormone testosterone and testosterone is directly or indirectly linked with the erections. Deficiency of testosterone can lead to erectile dysfunction. Also, there are the variety of drugs that are used in the treatment of thyroid disorders can also lead to erectile dysfunction.

4. Diabetes

The high sugar level in the body and the problems with erections are closely related. Diabetes is a condition which occurs when the glucose level or the sugar level in the body is too high. Generally, it has been believed that both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes can cause erectile dysfunction but several studies focus that people suffering from diabetes type 2 are at a higher risk of erectile dysfunction. Diabetes can cause long term damage and dysfunction to many organs of the body. The excessive sugar level in the body can cause damage to the nerves and the blood vessels and this damage to the blood vessels in the penis affects the production of nitric oxide. The erections are caused with the relaxation of the smooth muscles and an increased blood flow to the penis region and the production of nitric oxide plays a key role in the smooth muscle relaxation and an increased blood flow.

5. Sleep disorders

There are many pieces of evidence that prove that sleep disorders are also responsible for many sexual dysfunction and erectile dysfunction is one such disorder that people suffering from sleep disorder experiences. People diagnosed with sleep apnea are often found to be suffering from impotence.


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