male infertility causes

Impotence which is also known as erectile dysfunction is a sexual dysfunction that is defined as a persistent inability to attain and maintain the proper penile erection during sexual intercourse. There are many factors that can interfere in getting erections such as smoking, drinking, dietary habits and many more lifestyle of psychological factors. Also, there are many diseases as well that can interfere in the process of erectile function. It can be done by reducing the blood flow to the penis region or by affecting the nerves.


1. Atherosclerosis

Atherosclerosis is a disease that occurs with the hardening and the blockage of the arteries. It is a severe disease in which a fatty substance called plaque builds up in the walls of the arteries and causes arteries to become narrow. This can further lead to a reduction in the flow of the blood. Atherosclerosis is one of the causes of the development of erectile dysfunction as it leads to the macrovascular reduction of arterial inflow. Reduction in arterial inflow is not the only reason that causes erectile dysfunction, but atherosclerosis also leads to the inflammation and damage to the penile cavernosal endothelium. Atherosclerosis is a vascular disease and erectile dysfunction and vascular disease share a similar pathogenic involvement of the nitric oxide that leads to the impairment of endothelium-dependent vasodilation and the abnormalities in the vascular structure. Impairment of endothelial cells is directly linked to the problems with erections

2. Parkinson’s disease

Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative movement disorder that is characterized by the progressive disability of motor and cognitive dysfunction. According to studies and clinical observation, erectile dysfunction is joint among people who suffer from neurological disorders. People with Parkinson’s disease often experience sexual complications such as the decrease in the desires, problems with ejaculation and problems with erections. These sexual dysfunction increases with age and the risk of suffering from erectile dysfunction highly increases in people above the age of 50. Also, patients with Parkinson's disease witnesses a decline in the production of dopamine and dopamine plays a crucial role in the libido and in getting proper erections. Erectile function is closely related to sexual motivation, which remains under the control of the dopaminergic system. The deficiency of testosterone is another reason that can lead to development problems with erections. Testosterone also plays a role in keeping erections, and lack of testosterone leads to the occurrence of the symptoms of erectile dysfunction.

Also Read: 4 Diseases That Affect Men's Sexual Health

3. Thyroid disorder

According to many studies, disorders with thyroid hormone can cause erectile dysfunction and normalizing these hormones can prevent the risk of erectile dysfunction. Both hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism can affect the male reproductive system as it affects erectile function The thyroid gland is located on the base of the neck and releases thyroid hormone that controls the rate of metabolism. Hypothyroidism is a condition of low thyroid or a disease in which the thyroid gland produces very less thyroid hormone. Whereas hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland produces an excessive thyroid hormone. These are the disorder of the endocrine system and abnormalities in endocrine disorders can cause problems in erectile function. Thyroid disorders are associated with the production of the hormone testosterone and testosterone is directly or indirectly linked with the erections. The deficiency of testosterone can lead to erectile dysfunction. Also, there are a variety of drugs that are used in the treatment of thyroid disorders can also lead to erectile dysfunction.

4. Diabetes

The high sugar level in the body and the problems with erections are closely related. Diabetes is a condition that occurs when the glucose level or the sugar level in the body is too high. Generally, it is believed that both type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes can cause erectile dysfunction but several studies focus that people suffering from diabetes type 2 are at a higher risk of erectile dysfunction. Diabetes can cause long term damage and dysfunction to many organs of the body. The excessive sugar level in the body can cause damage to the nerves and the blood vessels and this damage to the blood vessels in the penis affects the production of nitric oxide. The erection is produced with the relaxation of the smooth muscles and increased blood flow to the penis region. Production of nitric oxide plays a vital role in smooth muscle relaxation and increased blood flow.

5. Sleep disorders

Many pieces of evidence prove that sleep disorders are also responsible for many sexual dysfunctions. Erectile dysfunction is one such disorder that people suffering from sleep disorder experiences. People diagnosed with sleep apnea are often found to be suffering from impotence.




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