Many disorders are associated with bone health. Below is a list of some of the most common disorders of the bone.
1. Renal Osteodystrophy
Renal osteodystrophy is a disorder which occurs in patients who have kidney disease. Many people with chronic kidney disease experience bone pain that can be vague and elusive. Renal osteodystrophy contributes to growth retardation in children with kidney disease and malnutrition being one factor that is strongly linked to it. This bone disorder is accompanied by a characteristic spectrum of clinical, biochemical and histological abnormalities and the severity of the disease depends on the duration of the kidney disease. According to the researchers, patients with chronic kidney disease experience an increased risk of fractures due to an altered bone. It is characterized by joint pain, bone pain, increased risk of fracture and bone deformation.
Osteoarthritis is a long term chronic medical condition which is accompanied by reduced quality of life. It is the most common form of arthritis that is characterized by the deterioration of the cartilage in joints and results in pain, stiffness and impaired movement. The pain and reduced function affect daily activities. The most affected peripheral joints are the hips, knees, and hands. Osteoarthritis can occur in anyone, but it is most common in older people or the people who suffered joint injury. Osteoarthritis usually takes time to develop, and some of the risk factors that increase the risk of developing it include obesity, joint injury, any defect in joint cartilage, and old age.
Osteomalacia is a disorder that majorly affects the skeleton, and most often, it is caused by deficiency of vitamin D. It is a metabolic bone disorder which causes chronic pain and is characterized by short or broken bones, muscle weakness, pain in the bones and especially in the lower back, hips, and legs at night. Sometimes, a patient with osteomalacia may also experience tingling, numbness, and muscle cramps in the legs. Osteomalacia occurs due to impaired bone metabolism because of insufficient calcium and vitamin D. Therefore, anyone who lacks vitamin D is at high risk of developing osteomalacia.
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Osteoporosis is one of the common diseases that affect bones and leads to reduced bone strength. Osteoporosis is often known as a silent disease as it is challenging to diagnose this disease until an individual experience a fracture. The fracture is most common in the hip, wrist, and spine. It is characterized by sloping shoulders, a curve in the back, loss of height, back pain and a hunched posture. Estrogens play a vital role in the building and management of the bones and an insufficient estrogen is one of the causes of osteoporosis. The Prevalence of developing osteoporosis is more in women as compared to men because of low estrogen levels. Women have a low estrogen level. Advancing age is another risk factor associated with osteoporosis.
Osteopenia is a medical term used to describe low bone density, and it is a disorder that causes weaker bones. Osteopenia is a serious disorder, but the severity of this disease is less as to osteoporosis. There is no single cause of osteopenia as such but there are many factors that have an impact on the bone strength such as age, certain medical conditions, and lack of vitamin D. Like osteoporosis, osteopenia is more likely to develop in females as compared to males and insufficient estrogen levels is the main cause of it. Certain lifestyle factors are also responsible for the occurrence of this bone disorder, such as consumption of excessive alcohol and tobacco, and lifestyle change can improve bone strength and decreases the risk of developing the bone disease.
Tags: Metabolic Bone Disease, Bone Diseases Symptoms, Classification Of Bone Diseases, Joints Problems
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