Everything You Need To Know About Emergency Contraception
The call of the body is not always planned. Sometimes (actually most of the time) it comes right halfway your favorite Netflix show at midnight when you have no umbrella handy to save yourself from the rain. In such a case, you need to be a hundred percent sure about the emergency contraception that you are relying on. One mistake and you may end up writing the answer to the equation.
This World Contraception Day, we bring you the guide to the best emergency contraception and how you should be doing it all to make sure that you have safe intercourse with zero chances of pregnancy.
What is Emergency Contraception?
Emergency Contraception is the birth control measure that women can use after sexual intercourse to avoid any chances of pregnancy.
In some cases, the birth control measure fails and when this happens, emergency contraception can be your resort. However, it should always be kept in mind that this method of birth control is not a regular option and should be restricted to urgent situations only.
Another notable point is that emergency contraception helps to prevent pregnancy. If the pregnancy has already taken place, this method won’t be effective.
There are two types of emergency contraception. These are
- Emergency Contraception Pills can be consumed orally upto five days (for a safe side, take the period as three days) after unprotected intercourse.
- These pills work by inhibiting the release of eggs from the ovaries for the duration of sperm’s life in the body.
- In case the egg has already fertilized with the sperm, these pills aren’t effective.
- The pills are generally reliable with a 98% success rate.
- The pill needs to be taken again if the women vomit within three hours of its consumption.
- In case you weigh more than 70 kg, this method might not be very reliable for you. Consider going for IUD or taking two pills together.
- ECP is not harmful since they contain progestogen which is a safe hormone.
- Please note that these pills do not abort a pregnancy in case the egg is already fertilized.
IUD (Intrauterine Devices)
- IUD is a T-shaped device that is placed inside the womb of a woman to prevent unwanted pregnancy.
- The device can be of either plastic or copper.
- Just like ECP produces progestogens to prevent unwanted pregnancy, in the same way, IUD produces copper ions in the uterus of the female which results in the secretion of thick mucus in the organ thereby inhibiting the passage of sperms.
- IUD may result in period disorder in the beginning but with time, the condition normalizes.
- IUD is a one-time investment and doesn’t harm or causes inconvenience.
- IUD should be avoided in case a woman is pregnant, suffering from a pelvic infection, suffering from STD, or any kind of vaginal disorder.
- Make sure to tell your doctor about your medical history before getting IUD planted in your womb.
- IUD is available in five forms in the market- Liletta, Kyleena, Mirena, Skyla, and ParaGard.
- This type of emergency contraception is ninety-nine percent effective
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