Facts About Your Nose Bleed
Nosebleeds are a commonly occurring phenomenon and may indicate a serious backlog of medical problems. It is caused due to the rupture of blood vessels (mainly capillaries) in the anterior region and posterior region of the nasal cavity. The walls of these vessels are quite thin and soft which causes the easy bursting of the same. Nosebleeds commonly occur in the children of age 2-10 years and adults between 50 to 60 years of age.
The nosebleeds are classified into Anterior and Posterior nosebleeds.
What are Anterior and Posterior Nosebleeds?
Anterior nosebleed is due to the rupture of the soft capillaries present in the anterior half of the nasal cavity which ultimately gives rise to bleeding. This condition is not as dangerous as the anterior nasal cavity is in continuation with the outer environment and hence the blood oozed out of the capillaries is excreted out into the environment.
Posterior nosebleed is caused due to the rupture of soft walled capillaries present in the posterior part of the nasal cavity. This condition is dangerous as blood has no escape path and hence it flows back towards the throat.
Some of the well-known causes of nose bleed include Traumatic experience related to face, repeated nose picking and high blood pressure.
Summer months have the highest incidents of nose bleeding as
- Summers are extremely arid and hence the protective layer of mucus (a sticky substance present in your nose) becomes dry and leads to subsequent bleeding
- The specific allergens which cause allergies to the nose are intensified during summer months.
- Cover your head, and also your nose, with a cap or a shade when outdoors. Make sure your nose doesn’t receive direct sunlight which acts as a catalyzer for nose bleeding
- Steam Inhalation can be used to humidify the nasal cavity and increase mucal growth. This ultimately leads to the moistening of the nose and hence inhibition of bleeding.
- Avoid smoking as it dries out the nasal cavity and hence enhances the bleeding.
- Apply petroleum jellies and nasal sprays to keep the interior of your nose moist and warm.
- Resist the urge to pick your nose constantly. This leads to irritation and mechanical damage to the blood vessels and hence causes them to rupture
- Rub an ice pack over the affected area to reduce the bleeding effect as it cools down the nasal cavity.
- Stay hydrated: Hydration plays a vital role in the stoppage of bleeding.
- Consume wheat items like roti and bread. Zinc, an important mineral, which helps in keeping the blood vessels healthy is present in abundance in wheat. Additionally, you can take zinc supplements as well. These are available as over the counter medications at your nearest pharmacy.
Tags: Nose bleeding first aid, Home remedies for nose bleeding, Blood in my nose but not bleeding