Most Asked Questions About Erectile Dysfunction


What is Erectile Dysfunction?

Erectile dysfunction is defined as an inability to sustain enough erections to perform satisfying sexual intercourse. It is a condition in which men experience an inability to achieve and maintain a penile erection. Erectile dysfunction is also known as impotence.

How is erection achieved?

Men experience three types of erection, reflexogenic erection, psychogenic erection and nocturnal erection. Reflexogenic erections are induced by the tactile stimulation of the genitals. Psychogenic erections are induced by the visual and memory associations. Lastly, nocturnal erections are generally begin with the onset of puberty and diminish later in life.

 Most Asked Questions About Erectile Dysfunction


Normally, the penile erection is achieved with the secretion of nitric oxide in the corpora cavernosa which is the main erectile tissue in the penis. This nitric oxide leads to the smooth relation in the main erectile tissue and further increases the blood flow to the penis region. Hence an erection is achieved.  

What are the causes of Erectile Dysfunction?

It is largely believed that erectile dysfunction is the result of advancing age as it is more common among elderly people. But the truth lies in the fact that there are many causes of erectile dysfunction and the causes of this disorder are categorized into two, primary causes and secondary causes. Primary causes are rare and are usually associated with the factors such as low androgen levels, genetic defects, and psychopathology. On the other hand, secondary causes are common and result from conditions such as diabetes, neurological disorders, psychological issues, and diabetes.

How common is erectile dysfunction?

Erectile dysfunction is one of the most common sexual dysfunction faced by men worldwide. Earlier it used to be a taboo topic but now it has become a common disorder to discuss. There is no single cause of this sexual health problem, instead it can be caused by many lifestyle factors as well as many diseases are also associated with it. Therefore there are the high number of men who are suffering from erectile dysfunction.

Also Read: 4 Diseases That Affect Men's Sexual Health

What are the drugs used to treat erectile dysfunction?

There are many drugs that are used to treat erectile dysfunction and the most recommended drugs include Cialis, Viagra, Levitra. Generally, the working of all the three drugs are same but the efficiency of each drug differs. How long it takes to start working and for how long it works differs for each drug. All of the above drugs belongs to phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor and they work by inhibiting these enzymes and blocks the degradation of cGMP (Cyclic guanosine monophosphate). Availability of cGMP is important to maintain the satisfied erection.

Are Lifestyle factors associated with erectile dysfunction?

Yes, lifestyle factors play an important role in the development of erectile dysfunction as well as changes in lifestyle can also help in improving the symptoms of erectile dysfunction.

  • Cigarette smoking contributes to the development of erectile dysfunction by damaging the blood vessels which leads to the poor blood supply.
  • Excessive consumption of alcohol is one of the common cause of erectile dysfunction. Heavy drinking damages the male reproductive tract and causes infertility.
  • The sedentary lifestyle is also associated with erectile dysfunction. The sedentary lifestyle means spending much time seated and being inactive. Therefore it is advised to exercise regularly.
  • What you eat can also help in improving the symptoms of erectile dysfunction. Nutrition too plays a role in treating it. Zinc, essential fatty acids, and arginine are some of the nutritional sources that can help in treating this health disease in men.

Are there any side effects of using drugs to treat erectile dysfunction?

Yes, there are some side effects but side effect of every drug vary from person to person. There are some side effects that you might face after taking medicines to treat erectile dysfunction. Some of the common side effects include dizziness, indigestion, headache, and flushing. It is recommended that if you take any drug to treat erectile dysfunction, do not drive or operate any heavy machinery as dizziness is one of the common side effects of such medicines and driving increases the risk of the accident.




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