Diabetes Mellitus is the most common endocrine disorder which has affected millions of people worldwide. It is a condition which is associated with many complications and it occurs when the body does not properly possess food to use it as an energy. It can be characterized as a reduction in the production of the insulin or reduction in the ability of the cells of the body to use produced insulin such that the glucose level of the body becomes too high. According to the researchers, it is one of the leading cause of the deaths in the United States. Diabetes is of three types, diabetes type 1, diabetes type 2 and gestational diabetes. Nowadays the use of herbal remedies have significantly increased to treat the disease and some of the daily used products that can help in improving the symptoms of 5 Food Items To Control The Blood Glucose Level

1. Fenugreek

Fenugreek belongs to the family of Fabaceae and from the last thousands of years, it is used all over the world for its amazing medicinal effect. These small seeds have been shown to have a positive effect on the cholesterol and the blood sugar level. It is known that the glycemic control plays a vital role in patients having type 2 diabetes and fenugreek seeds have an ability to control glycemia in the diabetic patients. These seeds have many components such as saponins, trigonelline, and diosgenin and these ingredients are high in fibers. Fenugreek seeds extracts show many actions on the blood sugar reduction. Also, diosgenin which is one of the active ingredients in fenugreek improves glucose metabolism. It inhibits an inflammation in the adipose tissue and promotes adipocyte differentiation. Other than diabetes, it is also beneficial for constipation, inflammation of the stomach, maintaining the health of the heart and triglycerides level.

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2. Cinnamon

The consumption of cinnamon is associated with the decrease in the levels of glucose, triglycerides and an increase in the good cholesterol. It is believed that cinnamaldehyde which is the active ingredient of cinnamon plays a role in reducing the glucose level in the bloodstream. Its insulinotropic effects are thought to be responsible for increasing insulin sensitivity and improves lipid and glucose metabolism. After a trial, one study noted that diabetes mellitus patients who consumed cinnamon decreased their glucose concentration and hence a positive effect of cinnamon was found on decreasing blood glucose levels. Therefore, regular use of cinnamon promotes healthy glucose metabolism and it also acts as an effective means to improve the symptoms of diabetes and reduces the risk of any complications that are associated with diabetes. Though cinnamon is beneficial for all the diabetic patients but it acts as a great medicine for people who suffer from diabetes type 2.

3. Ginger

Ginger is a herbal medicine that is used to treat a variety of diseases and is known to possess anticancer, anti-inflammatory and antioxidative characteristics. According to various studies ginger contains many bioactive ingredients that have antidiabetic properties as well. It works by reducing insulin resistance and improving the capacity of insulin secretion. Several studies have also shown positive results on the diabetic complications such as its effect of nerves, eyes, and heart. Diabetes is a condition which is characterized by the defects in the insulin release and insulin sensitivity. Ginger extracts or gingerol which is the ingredient of ginger has an ability to increase the glucose uptake in the muscles and the fat cells. Also, it increases the plasma insulin level and reduces the glucose level.

4. Aloe vera

Numerous studies have been conducted to evaluate the effects of aloe vera on diabetes mellitus and blood glucose level and it was found that aloe vera has many properties that can help in reducing the glucose level in the blood. In diabetic patients, it reduces the microvascular and macrovascular complications which include diabetic retinopathy, diabetic nephropathy, healing diabetic wounds quickly and complications related to the cardiovascular system. Oxidative stress plays a role in the development of diabetes and many studies claim that aloe vera has antidiabetic and antioxidative properties. They also claim that the glucose lowering effect of the aloe vera is due to its antioxidative property.  

5. Bitter Melon

The bitter melon has been used widely to improve the symptoms of diabetes and in non-diabetics, it reduces the risk of developing this disease. The extracts of the bitter melon have a hypoglycemic effect in the diabetic patients. Momordin which is one of the constituents in the bitter melon increases peroxisome proliferator activated receptor and it plays an important role in regulating the glucose metabolism. Bitter melon juice also controls glycemic which is highly associated with the diabetes mellitus. Also, polypeptide-p which is another active constituent of the bitter melon has passed a clinical test and has proved to be effective in significantly reducing the blood glucose level.


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