5 Problems Due To Hormonal Imbalance
Hormones play the most crucial function in the smooth functioning of the human body, and any disparity in the process can result in significant disorders. Several factors lead to an imbalance in the hormonal level in the body.
Diet plays a vital role in hormonal health. Other than food, stress, and environmental factors such as pollution can also be responsible for hormonal imbalance. Common symptoms of hormonal imbalance are acne, oily skin, fever, fatigue, excessive hair growth, changes in sexual desires, and problems with menstruation
Common Problems Due To Hormonal Imbalance
1. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome is the most common problem in women these days, which occur due to hormonal imbalance in the body. Polycystic ovary syndrome is a health problem which occurs in one in every ten women of childbearing age and it affects a woman's menstrual cycle.
Women having polycystic ovary syndrome have androgens, also known as a male hormone, in a large amount. They also have a higher level of insulin production in the body. Fluctuations in the production of these two hormones are responsible for the appearance of symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome such as excessive hair growth, weight gain, irregular menstrual cycle, and acne.
When the androgen level in the women’s body increases and becomes higher than the average level, it prevents the ovaries from releasing an egg during the menstrual cycle. As a result, it causes acne and excessive hair growth. Also, the insulin level in women having polycystic ovary is higher, but many women suffer from insulin resistance. This means a body is unable to use insulin properly, which results in a high glucose level in the blood and increased risk of weight gain.
2. Thyroid disorders
Thyroid is one of the most important glands which is located at the base of the neck and plays a vital role in producing hormones that are essential for the normal functioning of the human body. The thyroid produces two hormones - thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). These hormones are primarily required for metabolism in the body and some other essential functions as well. Various factors can cause the thyroid gland to produce more or fewer thyroid hormones than required by the human body. Any fluctuations in the production of these hormones can have an impact on the health of an individual
- When the thyroid gland becomes overactive and produces more hormones than required by the body, it is known as hyperthyroidism. It causes symptoms like increased appetite, irregular heartbeat, changes in bowel pattern and undefined weight loss.
- When thyroid gland becomes underactive and produces very less hormones than required by the body, it is known as hypothyroidism. It causes symptoms like weight gain, elevated cholesterol level, constipation, increased sensitivity to cold, and dry skin.
Hypogonadism is a medical problem which commonly occurs in men and contributes to the development of many other problems in men, especially problems in the reproductive system. Hypogonadism is characterized by very low testosterone level which results from the decreased functional activity of the testes. Testosterone is regarded as a key hormone required for maintaining sexual health of a man. Hypogonadism is categorized into two types - primary and secondary.
- Primary hypogonadism is a type which occurs due to the problems in testicles. It is also known as a primary testicular failure.
- Secondary hypogonadism is a type which occurs due to problems in the hypothalamus or pituitary glands. These are the parts of the brain that signals testicles to produce testosterone.
Hypogonadism or the lack of testosterone in the body can cause various problems in men and it is accompanied by a wide range of symptoms such as problems with erections, decreased libido, muscle weakness, and many more. Hypogonadism is one of the most common causes of the development of erectile dysfunction in men.
Hyperglycemia, also known as high sugar level in the blood is one of the most common problems faced by people these days. In the United States, millions of people are living with high blood glucose level. The prevalence of hyperglycemia is not only in adults but also among children.
In medical terms, uncontrolled hyperglycemia is known as diabetes mellitus. When the glucose level in the blood becomes too high to an extent it affects the functioning of other organs, it is known as diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus results from the problems in the production of the hormone insulin. Insulin is regarded as a key regulator of blood glucose. Insulin is produced by the pancreas and when the pancreas fails to produce sufficient amount of insulin or when the body fails to use produced insulin, diabetes develops.
Hyperglycemia or diabetes mellitus is associated with a wide range of symptoms such as increased thirst, frequent urination, problems with vision, and many more. Uncontrolled glucose level is also associated with the development of many complications such as diabetic retinopathy, diabetic nephropathy and many more.
Acromegaly is a disorder which is characterized by the excessive production of growth hormone by the pituitary tumor in the blood. The pituitary is a small gland that is located in the brain and makes growth hormone. Growth hormone is responsible for the growth and development of the human body, especially during childhood.
Excessive circulation of growth hormone can cause various undesirable effects on the body. When increased production of growth hormone is diagnosed during childhood, it is known as gigantism rather than acromegaly. It is characterized by abnormally large skeletal and during childhood, the chances of noticing abnormal changes in the growth are relatively high.
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