If you are also not aware of gout, there is no need to worry. Many think that gout and arthritis are a similar condition that causes redness, pain as well as swelling in the joints which is actually not true. It is actually a type of arthritis that causes inflammation, usually in one joint. Generally, it has affected the joint in the big toe. It could also develop in people whose level of uric acid increases in the blood. It can come on quickly and also keep returning over time, slowly affecting the tissues in the region of the inflammation. It most likely affects men because women become susceptible to it after menopause.
What exactly are the causes?
It is caused when uric acid builds up in the joints. Uric Acid actually is a breakdown product of purines that we usually take in our food. Any kind of abnormality in handling this acid can result in the inflammation of joints. Other than just joints, it can also cause of attacks kidney stones leading to kidney failure.
What are the symptoms?
Some of the early signs of gout include:
- Joint Redness
- Joint Pain
- Swollen Joints
- Severe Pain in joints
- Heat in the affected area
What are the types?
Gout progresses through various stages and they are considered as different types:
- Asymptomatic hyperuricemia: Here, uric acid levels slightly increase without any immediate symptoms. Treatment is also not much required. It causes slight damage, so it is necessary to keep it already in control.
- Acute Gout: It occurs when something triggers the spike in uric acid levels and cause the attack. The inflammation and pain of this type usually occursat night and intensify over the next 8-12 hrs.
- Interval Gout: It is actually the period in between the attacks of acute gouts. In this time, you can manage gout.
- Chronic Gout: It is the most painful type. Permanent Damage can occur in this type. People who suffer from chronic gout can develop big lumps of urate crystals in areas like joints of the fingers.
What are the risk factors?
There are various factors that can increase the chances of gout in a person. They include:
- Lifestyle Choices
- Gender and Age
What is the diagnosis?
This condition is considered when a patient reports a history of arthritis attacks especially at the toes, knees, joints etc.
For the detection, uric acid crystals are analyzed in the joint fluid with the help of joint aspiration. It is a procedure where the fluid is removed from the area around the joint with the help of a needle and syringe.
What are the treatments?
To treat gouts, there are special doctors called rheumatologists. They treat patients with uric-acid-lowering medications to prevent damage to the kidneys that usually occur with the increase in the levels of uric acid. The treatment is necessary when frequent gout attacks occur.
Controlling diet can also control gout. Some medications are the primary treatment for gout. These types of medications decrease the total amount of uric acid in the body.
Making some changes in the lifestyle and dietary habits, you can prevent gout. Some of these changes include:
- Maintaining a healthy body weight.
- A high fluid intake.
There are also some home remedies that you can try in order to improve the effects of gout:
- Beef Kidneys
- Game Meats
This is all about gouts and how it is affecting your lives. Share it with your friends and family.