A common problem that most women go through is the thyroid disorder. A kind of medical condition that affects the thyroid gland which is actually a butterfly-shaped gland located in front of the neck below the thyroid cartilage also called Adam’s apple. There are various roles of it including regulating a number of metabolic processes throughout our body. This gland is responsible for producing thyroid hormones that control the consumption of calories so as to produce energy. Other than this, thyroid glands also regulate body temperature, its energy as well as the growth and maturation of tissues of the body. Sometimes, insufficient hormone production leads to hyperthyroidism which occurs when there is extra production as well as hypothyroidism that is the result of the little production of thyroid hormones.
What are the types?
- Hypothyroidism: It usually takes place when the gland produces too little hormone required by the body. It can develop from problems within the hypothalamus, pituitary gland.
Symptoms may include:
- Dry Skin
- Muscle Ache
- Excessive menstrual bleeding in women
- Thyroid Hormone Resistance
- Inflammation of Thyroid
- Hyperthyroidism: When there is an excessive production of thyroid hormone, that condition is called hyperthyroidism. Its symptoms can usually related to increased metabolism. In the initial stage, they are not clear.
Symptoms may include:
- Heat intolerance
- Fast heart rate
Some common causes include:
- Grave’s disease
- Excess of iodine consumption
- What are the treatments available?
It could be treated with medications as well as surgery(in some cases). It will depend on the type of disorder.
- How medications treat thyroid?
Sometimes, medicines are taken to treat thyroid problems. They are prescribed to replace the missing hormone due to a particular condition. Medicines like levothyroxine are easily available on any drug store or online pharmacy. Usually, synthetic thyroid hormone is given in the form of the pill by mouth. When a person is suffering from hyperthyroidism, drugs are given to decrease the production of hormone so as to prevent the release from the gland. Other than that, medicines also reduce the symptoms like increased heart rate, fatigue etc. If still, the condition remains incurable, radioactive ablation is performed which involves providing iodine doses that are labeled with radioactivity. It destroys the tissues of thyroid selectively.
- How surgery treat thyroid?
These are done to remove the hyperfunctioning nodule or a large goiter present in the gland. If there is any possibility of thyroid cancer, surgery is immediately required. If the gland is removed entirely, the patient will need to take synthetic thyroid hormone throughout their life. The surgery is known as thyroidectomy that involves the partial or total removal of the gland.
- What are the preventions that can be done?
There are some steps that you could take in order to get rid of the symptoms like:
- Stop Smoking: A cigarette has various toxins that are dangerous to the thyroid and can easily trigger the disorder in susceptible people. They can also develop other problems like Grave’s disease as well as eye complications. It is better to avoid smoking.
- Keep Potassium Iodide with you in case of an emergency: Potassium iodide(KI) is an over-the-counter supplement that is always helpful in protecting the thyroid from the risk of cancer. So, keep it always with you.
This is all about thyroid and how it is affecting your daily life. Share with your friends and family. Stay Safe Stay Healthy