Pregnancy Defects And How To Prevent Them

Pregnancy is a time of excitement and anticipation but some women may also experience some complications. Not all pregnancy go as planned. The complications involve a mother’s health, foetus health, or both. These abnormalities may make pregnancy a high-risk pregnancy. With proper prenatal care, there are ways to manage problems that come up during pregnancy.

If you are experiencing some unusual symptoms, it is necessary to talk to your doctor about your concern on your next visit. But keep in mind, some conditions need swift attention. Getting early and regular prenatal care can help alleviate the symptoms of problems. You can do this by enabling healthcare providers to diagnose or manage conditions before they become problematic.

 Pregnancy Defects And How To Prevent Them

We have compiled a list of 6 common complications:

1. Bleeding: If you are having heavy bleeding during pregnancy, it is a matter of concern. Throughout your pregnancy, bleeding means different things. If you are going through severe abdominal pain and menstrual-like cramps, or you feel like you are going to faint, it could be the symptoms of ectopic pregnancy. It takes place when the fertilized egg implants somewhere else other than the uterus. It can be life-threatening. If you experience cramps and heavy bleeding, it could be a sign of miscarriage. If there is bleeding and abdominal pain during the third semester, it may indicate placental abruption. 

2. Preeclampsia: A condition called toxaemia, usually occurs after the 20 weeks of pregnancy. It causes high blood pressure and problems with your kidneys. Although its cause is unknown, some women are more vulnerable to it. Its risk factors include obesity, carrying two or more fetuses, being 35 years of age or older, existing conditions like high blood pressure, kidney problems and many more. The only cure for this condition is delivering the baby early. If you’re 37 to 40 weeks pregnant, the doctor may induce labour, but if it’s too early, your doctor may have to monitor your baby and you closely. They may prescribe medications or proper rest as well. You can easily get the medicines at an online pharmacy.

3. Anaemia: When you have a lower than the normal number of red blood cells in your body, you are at the risk of anaemia. Its symptoms are a weakness, pale skin. It has many causes, and your doctor will need to treat the underlying one. Treating supplements of iron as well as folic acid may help you with the symptoms. 

4. Preterm labour: It is a kind of labour that begins before 37 weeks of pregnancy. Any infant that is born before that term is considered to be premature. It may lead to severe complications. In most of the cases, organs such as lungs and brain finish their development in the final weeks before a full-term delivery. Baby born before that time period might have problems like underdeveloped brain or organs.

5. Miscarriage: It is the term used to describe a pregnancy loss due to the natural causes during the first 20 weeks. According to a study conducted by The American Pregnancy Association, about 20 per cent of pregnancies among healthy women result in miscarriage. Sometimes, this happens even before a woman is aware of it. 

6. Stillbirth: If a woman loses her baby after 20 weeks, it is called stillbirth. Many times, its causes remain unknown. There are various issues that have been associated with stillbirth. They include:

  • Problems with the placenta
  • Infections
  • Chronic health condition

Now, that you know that these conditions can persist in any type of pregnancy, you are advised to regularly visit your doctor and have a complete check-up so that you don’t experience the complications. Share this with your family and friends to create awareness. Stay Safe Stay Healthy.

Some preventive measures for a mother to prevent birth defect 

Adequate intake of Iodine 

Multiple studies have suggested that the need for iodine significantly increases during pregnancy. Iodine is essential for everyone, but during pregnancy, iodine plays an important role in maintaining the health of a mother and her unborn baby. Deficiency of iodine is a serious risk factor for the development of birth defect. Iodine deficiency during pregnancy can cause maternal and fetal hypothyroidism and it also impairs the neurological development of a fetus. 

Iodine is a vital element for the synthesis of thyroid hormones by the thyroid glands.  Throughout pregnancy, the fetus is completely dependent on the mother for the supply of iodine. Thyroid hormones are extremely important in the human body and are necessary for normal fetal development. It is estimated that more than 2 billion people live with iodine deficiency. Some of the rich sources of iodine include milk, yogurt, cheese, and tuna. 

Do not use harmful substances 

There are multiple numbers of harmful substances that can cause a significant impact on the health of a fetus. Harmful substances such as alcohol and cigarette smoking can have a major impact on a fetus. 

1. We have all heard that consumption of alcohol is bad for health. But when it comes to a pregnant woman, alcohol can act as a poison for a fetus. There is evidence that state that alcohol abuse during pregnancy is one of the causes of mental retardation in offspring. It leads to the development of disease known as fetal alcohol syndrome and alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder. 

Whenever a pregnant woman drinks the alcohol in her blood passes through the placenta into the fetus's blood. As the liver of fetus is not fully developed it can’t filter out toxins. As a result, alcohol circulates in the blood of fetus and kills the cells of the brain and damages the nervous system.   

2. Cigarette smoking is one of the most harmful substances for everyone. It has an infinite number of effects on the human body. If a mother smokes during pregnancy, the risk of birth defect become extremely high. Smoking during pregnancy has a significant impact on the growth of the fetus. Improper growth of a fetus leads to lower intellectual attainment in childhood and it is also associated with an impairment of cognitive function in early childhood. 

The development of the brain is also impacted by cigarette smoking. Studies reveal that cigarette smoking leads to a diminishing of some important parts of the brain and as a result it causes a birth defect, impaired brain function. Cigarette smoke can also affect the movement of a fetus. 


Folate is one of the water-soluble B vitamins and it is an important nutrient required to keep the overall wellbeing. When we talk about fetal growth, folate is essential for normal cell division and as intrauterine fetal growth involves a process of rapidly dividing cells, the requirement of folate consequently increases during this time.  Lack of folate is one of the common cause of a birth defect.

Low maternal blood folate levels have long been implicated in an increased risk of megaloblastic anaemia and it is also associated with low birth weight. Insufficient folate levels are also associated with abnormal infant neurodevelopment. Therefore, ensuring an adequate amount of folate in the body is extremely important for a mother to keep her child healthy and to prevent the development of any birth defect. Some of the good sources of folate include dairy product, meat, seafood, nuts, and beans.  

Tags: Types of Birth Defects, Causes of Birth Defects, Rare Birth Defects, How to prevent birth defects, What causes birth defects in first trimester