Health Implications Of Sedentary Lifestyle Are Many!!
Since childhood, we have been told that staying active and energetic is important to lead a healthy life. But have you ever wondered why?? How can it affect the health of a person? Well, there are many ways through which activeness of a person is associated with the health of a person.
Sedentary behavior is considered to be an independent risk factor for several health outcomes and premature mortality. A relationship between a sedentary lifestyle and ill health has been revealed by many researchers. It is believed that the advancement of technology has provided a man with so many facilities that it has significantly reduced the physical activity and increase in the amount of time spent sitting for long hours.
Many studies have stated that people who have desk jobs are at high risk of developing chronic health problems. This is because they spend around 7 hours sitting at one place, with very less or no physical movement. This is also a kind of sedentary behavior.
Some of the health implications of sedentary lifestyle
1. High Body Mass Index
Body mass index is a tool which is used to know the composition of fat in the body. High body mass index indicates the occurrence of obesity. Obesity is one of the public health concerns these days. It is a metabolic disorder which is characterized by the accumulation of excess fat in the body to an extent that it results in ill health.
When the imbalance between calorie intake and calorie expenditure occurs, the risk of obesity increases. Sedentary behavior is associated with reduced physical activity which leads to the accumulation of excess calories and fatty acid. The primary reason for this is that the management of weight is largely dependent on the total number of calories intake and calories expended. A sedentary lifestyle is one of the causative factors for childhood obesity. Children who spend most of their childhood watching TV or playing on computers are likely to be obese.
2. High Blood Glucose Level
The high glucose level in the blood is a common problem faced by people these days and there are many factors that could increase the glucose level in the blood. Lack of physical activity is one of them.
In medical terms, higher than normal level of glucose is known as diabetes mellitus. It is known to be a result of insufficient insulin production, the inability of the body to use produced insulin or both. Physical activity allows the normal functioning of the body. On the other hand, lack of physical activity affects the ability of the body to use secreted insulin properly. Also, a sedentary lifestyle is associated with obesity and obesity is one of the common risk factors for a high blood glucose level.
Hypercholesterolemia is a disorder which occurs due to increased levels of cholesterol in the bloodstream. Cholesterol is produced by the liver in the body and it produces adequate amounts of cholesterol to fulfill the need of cholesterol by the body. Therefore, there is no need to add cholesterol in the diet. When this cholesterol level in the blood becomes higher than normal or required, it is known as hypercholesterolemia. Increased physical movements or physical activity is the key factor to reduce the risk of developing hypercholesterolemia. It helps to maintain the cholesterol level in the blood.
4. Cardiovascular disease
Cardiovascular disease involves a group of diseases that are associated with the heart. Sedentary behavior is a high-risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease and there are various mechanisms to explain this correlation, such as high blood pressure. A sedentary lifestyle causes an increase in blood pressure. High blood pressure is a condition which occurs when the pressure on the walls of the arteries becomes higher than normal. High blood pressure is a serious risk factor for a heart problem. Also, obesity is another risk factor for cardiovascular disease and sedentary behavior is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease.
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