List of important screenings every adult should have
Health screenings are important and a widely accepted practice in health care. Regular health screening is extremely important to maintain health as regular screening help to evaluate the overall wellbeing of an individual. There are many times when some serious health problem is left undiagnosed as it might not show any symptom in the early stages, but as it progresses it causes some serious complications.
There are some important medical screenings that every adult must have to reduce the risk of developing any serious disease and to lead a healthy lifestyle. Regular medical screening help to diagnose some underlying condition at an early stage, so as to avoid the complications associated with it and it also helps to decrease morbidity and mortality rate. Here is the list of some of the important medical screenings:
1. Blood pressure screening
According to the studies, millions of people throughout the world are living with the problems associated with blood pressure. Blood pressure is a pressure that the blood exerts against the arterial walls. Problems with blood pressure are often known as silent killers as they might not show any symptoms until it becomes serious. Therefore, blood pressure screening helps in ensuring that the blood pressure in the body is right. There are two problems that are associated with the blood pressure - high blood pressure and low blood pressure. When the pressure against the arterial wall is increased, it is known as hypertension or the high blood pressure. And when the pressure against the arterial wall becomes abnormally low it is known as hypotension or low blood pressure.
Generally, blood pressure is estimated by measuring systolic and diastolic components. Systolic blood pressure is the maximal pressure in blood vessels during heart contraction and diastolic blood pressure is the minimal pressure in blood vessels during heart relaxation between contractions. Blood pressure is most commonly measured peripherally in the upper arm.
2. Cholesterol screening
Cholesterol is a fat like substance that is required by the body to perform various functions but when the level of cholesterol increases excessively, it starts to cause health problems. These fatty substances are found in the bloodstream and too much circulation of these substances in the blood increases the risk of heart disease. It can damage the blood vessels. Cholesterol is of two types - high density lipoprotein and low density lipoprotein. High density lipoprotein is also known as good cholesterol and having high level of high density lipoprotein indicate a reduced risk of heart disease. Whereas, low density lipoprotein is also known as bad cholesterol and having high level of high density lipoprotein increases the risk of developing heart disease.
Fluctuations in the level of cholesterol increase the risk of developing heart disease to a great extent. Regular screening of cholesterol disorders reduces the risk of any future heart disease. Numerous studies have stated that cholesterol screening is widely accepted and it has helped many people to diagnose their problems at an early stage.
3. Blood glucose test
High blood glucose level is one of the challenging problems faced by millions of people across the world. In medical terms, the high blood sugar level in the body is known as diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus is a medical condition which is characterized by hyperglycemia and is associated with a wide range of symptoms and complications. Insulin is the hormone that is responsible for regulating the glucose level in the blood. Diabetes mellitus occurs when the body fails to produce the adequate amount of insulin or when the body fails to use produced insulin effectively, or both.
There is evidence that suggests that earlier detection of diabetes mellitus can reduce the risk of complications and its outcome on an individual. Therefore regular screening for diabetes mellitus is highly recommended. Early diagnosis of any disease is better than taking medications. Undiagnosed or untreated diabetes can result in some serious complications such as diabetic retinopathy, diabetic nephropathy, and diabetic neuropathy.
4. Thyroid function test
Thyroid function test is one of the most commonly recommended tests that is offered in general practice. The thyroid gland is one of the most important glands in the human body which is responsible for the functioning of various organs in the body. The thyroid gland produces important hormones that play a vital role. The main hormones that are responsible for metabolism in the body. Primarily, there are two thyroid disorders - hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is a condition which occurs when the thyroid gland produces more than required thyroid hormones and hypothyroidism is a condition which occurs when the thyroid gland produces an insufficient amount of thyroid hormones.
Thyroid dysfunction can result in a wide range of symptoms and may interrupt the functioning of various organs in the body. Also, thyroid disorders increase the risk of developing other health disease or complications. Therefore, thyroid function screening is highly recommended to everyone.
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