Insomnia Can Be A Cause Of An Underlying Disorder
Insomnia is one of the most common sleep complaint made by a large number of people these days. It is a common sleep disorder that is characterized by the problems with sleep and it involves:
- Problems with initiating sleep
- Struggle to maintain sleep
- Unrefreshing sleep
- Fragmented sleep
Insomnia can be classified into three stages - transient, intermittent and chronic. When the symptoms of insomnia occur for a few weeks, it is known as transient insomnia. When the episodes of transient insomnia become frequent, it is known as intermittent insomnia. And when the symptoms of insomnia occur on a regular basis and occur for months, it is considered to be chronic insomnia.
There are many different types of insomnia and some of the types are as follows:
- Adjustment insomnia - It is also known as acute insomnia and it is a type of insomnia which usually occur due to stress and last for only a few days or weeks.
- Idiopathic insomnia - This type of insomnia begins in childhood and is lifelong.
- Inadequate sleep hygiene - This type of insomnia occurs due to bad sleep habits which impairs the normal sleep schedule.
- Paradoxical insomnia - In this type of insomnia, problems with sleep occurs even though the sleep schedule is normal and sleep is not disturbed.
- Psychophysiological insomnia - This type of insomnia is accompanied by excessive anxiety and worry about sleep and sleeplessness.
There are many causes of insomnia. Usually, transient and intermittent insomnia occurs due to the causes such as stress, change in environment, the side effects of certain medicines and extreme temperature. Chronic insomnia is a complex type and it occurs due to the combination of factors and some underlying physical or mental disorder. Some of the disorders that can trigger the symptoms of insomnia are as follows:
Arthritis is a condition which is defined as an inflammation of the joints. It is a painful condition that has a direct impact on the joints. Arthritis is basically a name given to the conditions that affect the joints and these conditions cause damage to the joints and it causes symptoms like pain and stiffness. Pain that occurs in patients with arthritis is felt differently by every patient, some experience persistent pain, some experience sharp stabbing pain and some may feel other aches. Some people can also experience the combination of different types of pain. Arthritis is of many types and the type of arthritis depends on the main cause of an inflammation.
Multiple studies suggest that arthritis and insomnia are closely linked to each other and go hand in hand. Most of the patients with arthritis also experience sleeping disorders. There are many types of arthritis and all types of arthritis affect sleep at some point of time. When the pain makes a person uncomfortable on a bed, sleep becomes more difficult. Sleep disturbance usually become worse when the pain is worse. Also, certain medicines that are used in the treatment of arthritis can have side effect and affect sleep pattern.
Parkinson’s disease is a chronic neurological disorder that affects the movement and ability of an individual to perform daily activities. Parkinson’s disease occurs when there is a loss of the cells in the brain which makes a chemical which sends messages that control movement. It is a serious disorder that is associated with a wide range of motor and non-motor symptoms. Some of the common motor symptoms that occur in Parkinson’s disease include tremor, a stiffness of muscles and slowness of movement. Some of the non-motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease include depression, anxiety, constipation, and fatigue.
Problems with sleep are very common in people having Parkinson’s disease. Symptoms with sleep disorders occur from the initial stage of this disease and as this disease progresses, the problems with sleep increases and throws a major impact on the quality of living. Although Parkinson’s disease is associated with various sleep disorders, insomnia is the most frequently occurring sleep disorder. Certain symptoms of Parkinson’s disease such as stiffness and slowness makes it difficult for the patient to turn their sides on the bed and feel uncomfortable while sleeping. This results in difficulty in initiating and maintaining sleep. Insomnia or trouble with sleep is one of the main cause of the symptom fatigue in patients with Parkinson’s disease.
Asthma is a disease that is affecting millions of people and it is one of the diseases that are on the rise throughout the world. It is a chronic inflammatory lung disease which is characterized by problems with breathing, cough, and wheezing. Asthma affects the airways of the lungs and makes them swollen. Airways are the breathing tubes that carry air in and out of the lungs. Asthma causes swelling, tightening of muscles and secretion of mucus and it results in narrowed airways and makes it hard for the patient to get air in and out of the lungs.
Insomnia is one of the most frequent complaints made by patients having asthma. Multiple studies have reported that insomnia is one of the most common problems that is experienced by asthma patients and as this disease progresses and the symptoms worsen, the problems with sleep also increases. Shortness of breath and other breathing problems are very common in patients with asthma and these symptoms are one of the main cause of insomnia. These symptoms make it difficult for the person to sleep and as a result sleep is frequently disturbed.
Hyperthyroidism is one of the thyroid disorder which develops when the thyroid gland produces excessive amounts of thyroid disorder. In this condition, the thyroid gland becomes overactive and produces more thyroid hormone as required by the body. These thyroid hormones circulate in the blood and stimulate the metabolism of the cells. Whenever there is any abnormality with the production of these hormones, it affects the functioning of the body. Thyroid hormones play a vital role in the body and are responsible for the functioning of the organs of the body. It causes symptoms like mood swings, abnormal heart rate, sleep disorders, irritability, and irregular menstrual cycle.
Hyperthyroidism contributes to the development of insomnia. Insomnia is very common and it is also common in patients having hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism is a condition that affects the production of cortisol. Normally, cortisol level is high in the morning and it becomes low in the evening. But in an individual having hyperthyroidism, the production of cortisol is increased and an increased release of cortisol affect the sleep of a person. High cortisol level in the body disrupts the sleep and makes it difficult for the person to sleep. As a result, insomnia occurs.
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