Is It Common Cold Or A Deadly Virus?- 2 Flues That May Kill You

Is it influenza, the latest coronavirus or a cold? All patients and physicians are analyzing symptoms of the common cold to decide who needs what scans or treatment and how concerned they ought to be. You want to get better as soon as you can when you're sick. Yet in fact, some of your behaviours can make the symptoms worse.

When you don't know what you're dealing with, you're likely to get confused about what flu-like signs can lead to. It is extremely difficult to deal with an illness that has flu-like symptoms when you don’t know what you’re dealing with, as the chances of it being something exponentially more than what it is high. 

The common cold is a series of symptoms – coughing, sneezing, runny nose, exhaustion and maybe fever – rather than a specific infection. Even though it coincides with the flu with a great deal of the initial signs being similar, it is a very different disease. 

Rhinovirus is responsible for about half of all colds, but other viruses may induce one or maybe more cold symptoms, including adenovirus, influenza virus, respiratory syncytial virus, and parainfluenza. The common cold is typically a mild disease which improves in a few days without any specific treatment. And most people are self-diagnosed, owing to their mild nature.

Nevertheless, some patients might be concerned about infections with rhinovirus, or any of the other viruses known for common cold symptoms. Cold complications could cause severe illnesses and, yes, even death-particularly among patients with a poor immune system.

Studies have demonstrated, for instance, that people who have received a bone marrow transplant may have a higher chance of developing a harmful respiratory infection. While rhinovirus is not known to be the main cause of this, there are other viruses identified with common cold symptoms, such as RSV, adenovirus, and parainfluenza.

There's, of course, more than one way for someone to get really sick with a respiratory illness following diagnosis. Several viruses, such as adenovirus, can also cause symptoms all over the body, along with the gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract and the liver.


Sometimes common looking cold viruses can actually kill you.

Some viruses, including the influenza virus, can theoretically cause a serious infection of the lungs themselves, but they can also lead to extremely severe infections, such as bacterial pneumonia.


1. Adenovirus 

Adenoviruses are a category of common viruses that infect the lining of your eyes, airways and lung, intestines, urinary tract, and the nervous system. They are common reasons for fever, cough, sore throats, pink eyes and diarrhoea.

Infections occur more commonly in infants than in adults, but anybody can get them. By the time they're 10 years old, most children can have at least one form of adenovirus infection.

These infections normally only cause moderate symptoms and you recover in a few days on your own. But in humans with poor immune systems, particularly children, they can be more dangerous.

These viruses are prevalent in areas where large numbers of children, such as daycare centres, schools, and summer camps are present.

These are particularly infectious. When anyone is sick with coughs or sneezes the virus can spread. The virus-containing droplets float into the air and settle on surfaces.

Each form of adenovirus may have a different effect on you: 

  • Bronchitis: cough, runny nose, fever, chills.
  • Allergies and other problems of the respiratory system: stuffy and runny nose, cough, sore throat and swollen glands.
  • Cough: Barking cough, respiratory problems, high-pitched sound when breathing in.
  • Infection of the ear: Ear pain, irritability, fever.
  • Pink eye (conjunctivitis): Red eyes, nasal discharge, crying, sensation like there's something in the eye.
  • Pneumonia: Fever, cough, respiratory problems.
  • Infections of the liver and intestines: nausea, vomiting, fatigue, fever, cramps in the liver.

Types 4 and 7 of the adenovirus vaccine is often used in military personnel who may be at greater risk of infection from both of these two forms of adenovirus. This vaccine contains a live virus that, if spread, can be shed in the stool and possibly induce illness in others. 

The vaccine's safety and efficacy have not been tested in the general public or in people with compromised immune systems and is not approved for use outside of the United States military.

Things to do to protect yourself and others: 

  • Stay home when you're sick.
  • Cough and sneeze into a tissue or the upper sleeve of your shirt, not your hands.
  • Prevent swapping cups with others, and sharing utensils.
  • Keep back from embracing some.
  • Washing your hands regularly for a minimum of 20 seconds with water and soap, particularly when using the bathroom.

In childcare settings and health care facilities, routine handwashing is especially necessary.

Also Read: COVID19 AND ASTHMA PATIENTS: SHOULD THEY BE MORE WORRIED?

2. Parainfluenza

Parainfluenza represents a group of viruses known as human parainfluenza (HPIV). This community includes four viruses. Each causes various symptoms and ailments. All types of HPIV develop an inflammation in the body of a person's upper or lower respiratory area.

HPIV signs are similar to common cold ones. The viruses are frequently misdiagnosed, although infections are normal. Many healthy, HPIV-infected people survive without medication. A person with a compromised immune system risks contracting a life-threatening infection, however.

There are four types of HPIV. They all induce a respiratory infection but the type of disease, symptoms, and nature of the infection depends on the kind of virus you have. The four different forms of HPIV can infect anybody.

  • HPIV-1 - HPIV-1 is the primary cause of infant croup. Croup is a respiratory illness that occurs as swelling between the vocal cords and elsewhere in the upper respiratory tract. HPIV-1 is accountable for croup outbreaks in the autumn.
  • HPIV-2 - HPIV-2 causes croup in infants but it is observed even less often by doctors than HPIV-1. It is mainly seen in the autumn but to a lesser extent than HPIV-1.
  • HPIV-3 - An HPIV-3 infection is often connected with pneumonia and bronchiolitis which swells from inflammation in the smaller airways in the lungs. It also triggers spring and early summer infections but it occurs all year round.

The precise duration you are infected with HPIV-3 has not been determined. It has been demonstrated that viral shedding, and hence the possibility of transmitting HPIV-3, usually occurs during the first 3 to 10 days of symptoms. In exceptional circumstances, up to three or four weeks of viral shedding have been seen.

  • HPIV-4 - HPIV-4 is more unusual than that of other forms. Unlike other HPIV strains, no known seasonal HPIV-4 variations exist.

Common symptoms of the four HPIV types are rather similar to common cold ones. They contain the following: 

  • Fever
  • Cough
  • Runny nose
  • Stuffy nose
  • Pain in the chest
  • Sore throat
  • Shortness of breath
  • Wheezing
  • Breathing difficulty

Very commonly, HPIV effects aren't severe enough in stable adults to cause any form of alarm. Yet in a child, older adult or someone with a deficient or damaged immune system they may be life-threatening.

There is no medication that will rid the body of an HPIV infection. If you're getting an HPIV infection, you will just have to let the disease run its course.

Over-the-counter medicines such as saline nasal drops and pain relievers such as aspirin (Bufferin) or acetaminophen (Tylenol) can alleviate symptoms.

You should take action to prevent an HPIV infection. Regularly wash your hands and clean surfaces that can host viruses. It can also reduce the chances of being sick by preventing direct contact with infected individuals. Currently, there is no vaccine preventing HPIV infection.

The above diseases are scary and not knowing the core of your illness can be frightening. But they don’t have to be so life-threatening if you follow the following steps to take care of yourselves. From any form of virus including rhinovirus, coronavirus and any other form of infection. 

You want to get better and healthy as soon as you can when you're sick. Yet in fact, a few of your activities can make your symptoms worse. Stop these common cases of cold and flu so that you can continue on the path to recovery.


Common practices to follow if you have a common cold -

1. You're trying to power through. 

Don't remain in your normal routine. Your body requires resources like energy to fight this cold or flu virus. Make sleeping a goal. Cancel those plans and stay at home from school or work. Along with helping the body heal, you can still prevent the germs from going around.

2. You ignore signs of the flu. 

You don't normally have to see a doctor for a run-of-the-mill cough. Yet if you have flu symptoms, such as high fever, body aches and exhaustion, consult your doctor. They can provide you with an antiviral medication like oseltamivir (Tamiflu) or zanamivir (Relenza). If you take one in your first 48 hours of sickness, you can relieve the symptoms and decrease the sickness by 1 to 2 days.

3. You're not drinking enough liquids. 

If your throat aches, gulping down liquids isn't easy. But when you remain hydrated you can thin the mucus, and break down congestion in the chest. It can fend headaches off too. Make sure you are drinking plenty of water. Drink a warm drink like herbal tea or soup, for extra relaxation. Research indicates that it can help alleviate cold symptoms including exhaustion or a sore throat.

4. You are missing your meals. 

You may not have much of an appetite but eating food is necessary. The immune cells that fight cold and flu viruses will be fuelled by calories and nutrients. The outcome: You can get better quickly. A bowl of chicken soup is really good especially when you’re sick. Research demonstrates that some of the effects can potentially be relieved by this classic.

5. You're stressed out. 

A hormone that the body makes when you're stressed may be hard on the immune system. This also increases inflammation, which can worsen the stuffy nose. Make an attempt to concentrate on rest and recovery, and faster you can be back on your feet.


Difference between Flu and Coronavirus 

There is a major distinction between flu and coronavirus: there seems to be a vaccine that helps to prevent flu, therefore it is not too late to get it. It does not stop you from contracting the coronavirus, but it will put you in a safer position to fight it.

Researchers continue to strive to grasp how dangerous the current coronavirus is. The mortality rate from a viral infection is not yet known due to the fact that instances caught at the beginning of an outbreak are really the most severe, people with mild or no symptoms are not being tested, and sometimes overburdened hospitals are struggling to care for the sickest.

The annual outbreak of the flu can not be avoided, as it is already ingrained in the population now. COVID-19 cases may also be confined or slowed to spread as therapies are being established.

If you experience coronavirus you wouldn't want to have a weakened immune system.


Conclusion 

There's not one particular thing that determines how serious a cold virus infection can be, although there are several symptoms or variables that may present a problem.

One of the easiest ways to prevent getting a cold is to thoroughly wash your hands. This will keep many various diseases from spreading, and not just the viruses that cause the common cold. And everybody should get the flu injection, not only the patients who are classed as vulnerable. Prevention is important for viral infections.

Whether you’re dealing with a deadly virus like the coronavirus or minor common cold symptoms of the flu, its always best to take the right steps of prevention and treatment. There is no need to panic, as the field of science is constantly evolving and creating diagnosis and treatment for many diseases out there. 

All you’re expected to do is practise safe hygiene habits like washing your hands regularly.  



References 

https://www.healthline.com/health/cold-flu/parainfluenza#prevention

https://www.webmd.com/children/adenovirus-infections#3

https://www.rtmagazine.com/disorders-diseases/infectious-diseases/rhinovirus/can-you-die-from-common-cold/

https://symptoms.webmd.com/cold-flu-map/catching-cold-things-to-stop-doing-now

https://abcnews.go.com/Health/wireStory/flu-coronavirus-similar-symptoms-fears-69514552






Tags: Coronavirus symptoms, Flu death rate, When will coronavirus end

Henry Garcia

Henry holds a diploma in Linguistics and is fluent in both, written and verbal Spanish. He is an avid reader and loves to stay updated about the healthcare industry. If you are reading about any major breakthrough in the medical field, know that Henry is the one who brought it to you.

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