What is personality?
Personality is defined as a person’s unique constellation of consistent behavioral traits. Personality traits mean what an individual does when he or she faces a defined situation. Raymond Cattell defined personality as “that fact that it allows a prediction of what a person will do in a given situation”.
In simple terms, personality refers to important and relatively stable aspects of behavior. Personality includes almost everything like mental, social, emotional, and physical. Some aspects of personality are visible such as actions, whereas some are not visible such as thoughts and memories.
Nature of personality can be divided into two parts - introvert and extrovert. Both introvert and extrovert are considered to be an important personality factor.
Introverts And Extroverts
Introverts can be characterized by their inward reflection and their need to understand the world before they experience. Most often, introverts take time to react and respond to any new information they receive and they also compare it with their internal experience. They feel reluctant in sharing their ideas and shots with everyone in a group. In short, introverts are often considered to be shy, but the truth is that they are just social in different ways. They prefer small groups or one on one conversations.
According to Castro, “people who are introverted have inward energy towards the thoughts and ideas”. The brain of introvert does not work in hyperactive stage and do not believe in seeking inspiration from others. Instead, they prefer a lonely time. It is believed that it is difficult to understand an introvert as compared to an extrovert.
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On the other hand, extroverts are completely opposite to introverts. Extroverts are completely outward and they often crave for the stimulation they get by engaging with the world. They are very social and love to meet new people. According to the research, it is believed that almost 50% to 70% of the total population consists of extroverts and they are often known as social butterflies because they strive for social stimulation. They focus on the external environment and the people around them. They learn by doing and sharing their ideas and problems with others.
Brain of Introverts and Extroverts
The brain of an introvert and extrovert functions differently. A chemical known as dopamine is released by the brain whenever an individual experience anything positive. It is a reward center that makes an individual feels good. As introverts do not need a lot of stimulation to feel rewarded, the dopamine level in the brain of introverts is low as compared to extroverts. Extroverts need for dopamine in order to feel an effect. Also, an introvert, the front part of the brain is more active, whereas in extroverts the back part of the brain is more active.
Traits of introvert and Extrovert
- Thinking process - The brain of the introvert process thought faster than the brains of extroverts and this is because the introversions train the brain to think constantly. Introverts analyze all the aspects before concluding anything.
- Communication and interaction skills - Researchers have concluded that the communication and interaction skills of extroverts are better than introverts. Extroverts are known to be better speakers as compared to introverts and they convincing capabilities are also better. Extroverts are known to be good leaders.
- Decision making - Although extroverts are known to be good leaders due to their communication and interaction when it comes to decision making, introverts have better decision making abilities as compared to extroverts. The primary reason for this is that introverts have a capability to analyze every aspect and view the situation from every angle.
- Friends - Introverts are often considered to be reserved. This is because introverts do not prefer being with a large number of people, rather they have a small group. Whereas, extroverts like meeting new people and have a comparatively larger group of friends.
- Observers - The observing and listening capabilities of introverts are much better than extroverts. They may be reserved but are very much aware of what is going on in their surroundings. Introverts are very observant. On the other hand, extroverts prefer speaking a lot. They are good speakers.
Kinds of introverts
There are four kinds of introverts:
1. Social introversions - Socially introverted means having a small circle of friends. People who are socially introverted prefer socializing with a small group instead of large ones. Sometimes they do not prefer groups at all. They prefer alone time.
2. Thinking introversion - This means analyzing yourself with every situation. People who belong to this kind pay close attention to their inner feelings and they often dream or fantasize about things that could or could not happen to them.
3. Anxious introversion - An anxious introvert experience painful consciousness around people and they often think that everyone is looking at them. They try not to show their problems to anyone.
4. Restrained introversion - According to the research, “reserved” is a perfect term to be used to people who are a restrained introvert. They are very cautious and thinks a lot before they act or speak. They prefer taking things slowly and takes time to make decisions as they think from every aspect.
Kinds of Extroverts
Extroverts can be categorized into two kinds:
1. Affiliative - People with this kind of extroversion prefer social warmth and friendship. These type of people have many friends and have a close bond with them, but they do not wish to seek out a leadership position.
2. Agentic - People with this kind of introversion are comfortable in limelight and they always seek to take a leadership position. They have a sensitivity to reward and they have more interest in going to reward in social or workplace context.
Who is an Ambivert?
We have all heard that some people are introverts and some are extrovert. But there is a third type of the nature of personality as well, ambivert. Ambiverts are people who exhibit a combination of both introverted and extroverted tendencies. The responses of introverts and extroverts on the particular situation are predictable, but an ambivert can have mixed responses to the situations and environment. Ambiverts are significantly influenced by the situation and environment. They can flexibly move between introversion and extroversion.
Tags : Introvert definition, Extrovert definition, Introvert and extrovert meaning
Elina is a general health writer for Cheap Medicine Shop and holds a diploma in health and fitness studies. She hails from Canada and is specialized in writing about a plethora of diseases, diets and more. Apart from being an ardent writer, Elina is also a dedicated reader and no literary discussion at the workplace is complete without her insightful participation.