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How Adversely Excessive Alcohol Affect Your Health

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Every cell within the body desires nourishment and food that can be used for the regeneration of the cells. This conversion method is referred to as metabolism and is completed by the system alimentation. The organic process is formed of several organs including; the mouth, throat, esophagus, stomach, liver, the tiny and enormous intestines, and also the anus. These organs play a significant role in ingestion, absorption, and digestion of food along with the separation of the waste material from the body. Coming to alcohol, it only does the work of destroying the organic system there is including mouth, throat, passageway, and stomach. Once alcohol enters the bloodstream on a regular basis, it can damage the liver and intestine.


Consumption of excessive alcohol can cause a major effect on the brain and it can even damage the brain and nerves in many different ways. It can cause a condition of memory loss. It has been seen that heavy drinkers often fight with their memories. This means that the loss of old memories occur and they find it difficult to deal with new memories. Consumption of excessive alcohol also damages cerebellum which is a part of the brain responsible for balancing and coordination. This leads to instability and problem with walking. Along with that it also damages peripheral nerves which lead to problems like numbness, instability to sense the touch, pain, etc.. In rare cases, it can lead to a condition of loss of mental function and increases the risk of hemorrhagic stroke which is caused due to the bleeding in the brain. 

2. Heart

Heavy consumption of alcohol increases the chances of coronary artery disease. It is a disease which causes impaired blood flow in the arteries that supply blood to the heart and it is said to be the most common form of heart disease. Also, there is a link between blood pressure and heavy alcohol. Excessive alcohol increases blood pressure and thus can lead to many health issues.  For pregnant women, it increases the risk of injury and can even cause damage to the fetus. People who suffer from heart disease have high chances of suffering from other health problems as well such as high cholesterol, diabetes, overweight, etc.. Alcohol increases the risk of stroke which can lead to sudden paralysis. 

3. Liver

Alcohol metabolism chiefly takes place within the liver. The liver filters the blood from the digestive tract and its principal role is to get rid of toxins from the body. The liver breakdowns alcohol in 3 completely different ways and every 3 ways cause the conversion of alcohol into acetaldehyde, that may be a cell poison and causes inflammatory changes in the liver. These processes can contribute to the subsequent damaging effects in the liver.

  • Increased fat production within the liver and this could then cause fatty liver. 
  • The toxicant by-products created once alcohol is metabolized will cause cell and tissue damage, as well as DNA damage. 

4. Stomach

The abdomen is the primary organ to possess long contact with alcohol. The stomach’s primary job is to store and blend food and drink that has been consumed. One-off and regular drinking will interfere with the functions of the stomach during a variety of ways.

  • Alcohol can have an effect on abdomen acid production. This can cut back the stomach’s ability to destroy bacterium that enters the stomach, which may permit probably harmful bacteria to enter the higher tiny intestine.
  • Mucous cells within the abdomen lining defend the stomach wall from being harmed from the acid and organic process enzymes. A single serious episode of drinking will damage the secretion cells in the stomach, and induce inflammation and lesions.
  • High alcohol content beverages (more than fifteen% alcohol volume) can delay abdomen emptying, which may lead to microorganism degradation of the food, and cause abdominal discomfort.

5. Lungs

Consumption of alcohol increases the chances of suffering from pneumonia. It is a condition of lungs which affects small air sacs known as alveoli. Symptoms of this include a dry cough, chest pain, fever, trouble in breathing, etc.. It increases the risk of suffering from other lungs diseases as well such as asthma, COPD, diabetes, etc..  Alcohol impairs the immune system and leads to bacterias which are more likely to cause infection. Thus increases the chances of pneumonia. Heavy alcohol also leads to acute respiratory distress syndrome which is a life-threatening condition and people with this disease have severe shortness of breath and are often unable to breathe on their own without the support of the ventilator. 

6. Mouth and Throat

The mouth and throat are exposed to alcohol as shortly as ingested. Alcohol passes quickly into the mouths spittle, and for about half-hour when drinking, saliva contains a lot of alcohol than the bloodstream. From saliva, aldehyde and alcohol simply reach and harm the tissues within the mouth.

7. Esophagus

Alcohol comes into contact with the passageway once it’s been swallowed. The esophagus is the long tube running from the mouth to the abdomen that propels food and drinks right down to the stomach. High alcohol consumption may be a risk issue for epithelial cell cancer (cancer) of the esophagus. Alcohol can directly harm the cells lining the esophagus (squamous cells). It may cause acid reflux (the stomach contents to get back up into the esophagus), which may damage cells and increase cancer risk.


Tags: what does alcohol do to your brain, long term effects of alcohol on the body, what happens to your body when you drink alcohol, effects of alcohol on skin

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Photo of author Janet Fudge
Jim Carson is a highly skilled and dedicated medical writer passionate about advancing medical practice. With years of experience in the field of medical sciences, Jim has made significant contributions to various studies aimed at improving healthcare outcomes. He currently writes for, providing expert insights and knowledge on various topics. Jim's expertise extends to various areas, including drug interactions, dosages, side effects, and best practices for medication use. In Los Angeles, Jim lives with his loving wife, children, and beloved pets. He deeply values spending time with his family and cherishes their presence. When he's not writing, Jim enjoys watching football games and staying updated with the latest sports news. Jim's writing shines through his commitment to advancing medical practice and improving healthcare outcomes. Readers can trust Jim's articles to be informative, accurate, and reliable, making him a trusted pharmaceutical information source for the website's audience.
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