Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disease and is a type of movement disorder that makes it difficult for a person to perform daily activities. It affects the part of the brain that controls the movement. As Parkinson’s disease progresses, it starts creating problems with memory, concentration, and some behavioral changes such as depression, and hallucinations.
Possible Causes of Parkinson’s Disease
- It is believed to be a result of the damage to the clusters of the dopaminergic neurons in the brain. The loss of these neurons leads to the reduction in the dopamine, which acts as a neurotransmitter and is responsible for transmitting the messages to the brain that coordinates the movement of the muscles. Dopamine is an important chemical that maintains normal movement patterns.
- Many studies suggest that apart from decreases dopamine, a build-up of alpha-synuclein, which helps neurons communicate with others, can contribute to the development of Parkinson’s disease.
- Many genetics and environmental factors also increase the risk of Parkinson’s disease. Environmental factors such as repeated head injuries and exposure to pesticides increase the risk of the development of this disease.
Symptoms of Parkinson’s disease
It is essential to know that the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease vary from person to person, and the symptoms can also change over time. Numerous studies have shown that the symptoms of this disease usually appears in the person when more than 50% of the dopamine neurons have been lost in the midbrain. Some of the common motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease include
Bradykinesia is said to be the hallmark of ganglia disorders, and it deals with the difficulties in initiating and executing movements. Bradykinesia refers to the slowness of movements, and it is one of the most common symptoms of Parkinson’s disease that almost everyone having this disease experiences. It is characterized by a loss of movement, drooling due to impaired swallowing, decreased blinking, and reduced arm swing while walking. It is the most easily tracked symptom of this disease.
Tremors are another common and easily recognized symptom of Parkinson’s disease. Hand tremors are supination pronation tremors that spread from one hand to the other. Tremors in patients having this disease involve tremors in the lips, chin, jaw, and legs, and this is known as rest tremors. According to the research, many patients with Parkinson’s disease also experience postural tremors. Postural tremors are more prominent and disabling.
3. Postural Instability
Postural instability is a problem with balancing. It normally appears in the late stages of Parkinson’s disease, and it is the common cause of the falls. It increases the risk of hip fractures, and the fear of falling can further impair the balance control in the patients with this disease. As Parkinson’s disease progresses, the problems with postures increases and gets worse.
It is believed that physical therapy, balancing exercises can reduce the symptoms of instability, and it also reduces the risk of falls.
Freezing is considered as one of the most common disabling symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. Primarily legs while walking are affected by this, but arms and the eyelids can also be attacked. It causes a sudden inability to move, and it is also a reason for fall. Freezing is divided into five types- hesitation, turn hesitation, hesitation in tight quarters, destination hesitation, and open space hesitation.
Some of the non-motor symptoms of Parkinson’s disease include
1. Sleep disorder
Problems with sleep are highly linked with Parkinson’s disease, and it is one of the most common symptoms that is experienced by the patients having this disease. It has been believed that one-third of the patients with this disease suffer from rapid eye movement sleep behavior. It is characterized by a violent dream, talking, jumping, kicking, and other violent activities.
2. Autonomic dysfunction
Autonomic dysfunction is defined as the problems in the functioning of the autonomic nervous system. Numerous studies suggest that most of the patients with Parkinson’s disease are diagnosed with orthostatic hypotension, erectile dysfunction, and sweating dysfunction. Orthostatic hypotension is also known as postural hypotension, and it is defined as a condition in which a person experiences sudden low blood pressure when they stand or sit. Erectile dysfunction is a condition in which man experiences an inability to attain or maintain an erection during sexual activity. And sweating dysfunction is a rare problem which involves abnormalities with the sweating.
There is no cure for Parkinson’s disease, but there are some ways through which you can improve the symptoms of the disease. There are treatments recommended by the doctors, but there are some natural ways that can help you reduce the effects of this disease. Some of the natural remedies that can be used are:
- Avoid Excessive Iron
- Increase the intake of foods that are an excellent source of vitamin B
- Limit intake of protein
- Increase the intake of fresh fruits and vegetables
- Adopt a healthy lifestyle