Each and every person has a different personality. We all have different ways of thinking, behaving or feeling. Personality is something that makes each one of us that we are as it refers to the pattern in which an individual thinks, behave and feels. But when this pattern of behaving, feeling, and thinking becomes extreme and maladaptive, it becomes a disorder, personality disorder.
A personality disorder causes many problems and it affects the way an individual cope with life. Generally, personality disorder develops during childhood and remains with an individual for life. Generally, personality disorder develops during childhood and remains with an individual for life. There are a total of ten types of personality disorders and below is the list of them:
1. Paranoid personality disorder
A paranoid personality disorder is a serious type of personality disorder which is associated with violent behavior. A paranoid personality disorder is correlated with trust. Patients having paranoid personality disorder find it difficult to trust people as they feel that they will be used or people can take advantage of them. Patients having this disease experience hesitancy in confiding with people due to the fear of being used or harmed by others. They hold grudges against others and thinks about the threats and danger in everyday life. Also, patients having this disorder feel that their partner is unfaithful, regardless of any evidence.
2. Schizoid personality disorder
A schizoid personality disorder is characterized by the pattern of keeping oneself aloof from a social and restricted range of expression of emotions in interpersonal settings. A schizoid personality disorder is associated with negative symptoms such as lack of motivation, and social withdrawals. Patients having this personality disorder are not interested in forming a close relationship with anyone, including their family members. They limit their emotional expressions and are unable to involve themselves or take pleasure in any activities. They are emotionally cold toward others and have little or no interest in engaging in any sexual activity.
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3. Schizotypal personality disorder
A schizotypal personality disorder is a condition in which an individual finds high difficulty in establishing and maintaining a close relationship with others. Although people who suffer from schizotypal personality disorder are able to interact with others and do it whenever necessary, this makes them uncomfortable and causes anxiety. These patients experience extreme discomfort within the relationships. Also, patients having this type of personality disorder believe in magic or the supernatural. They believe that a person has the ability to control others through the mind and can also control the future. They experience severe social anxiety.
4. Antisocial personality disorder
The antisocial personality disorder is a type of personality disorder which is characterized by various traits that make an individual susceptible to a social and family breakdown. Individuals suffering from antisocial personality disorder acts in an irresponsible reckless and exploitative manner. This type of behavior of an individual cause interpersonal and legal difficulties that result in distress to oneself and to others. Patients having this disorder act impulsively without realizing the consequences of their actions on themselves and to other people. Studies suggest that antisocial personality disorder present a significant challenge to the safe and effective management of the relationships.
5. Borderline personality disorder
A borderline personality disorder is said to be the most common personality disorder that has a significant impact on the everyday life of the sufferer. A borderline personality disorder is associated with a high rate of self destructive behavior that causes marked distress and impairment in social functioning. Patients having this personality disorder experience a sudden change in their mood, such as switching from one intense emotion to any other, often with an angry outburst. Suicidal thoughts are very common in this personality disorder as patients often think of harming themselves. A borderline personality disorder is often associated with some psychological conditions such as anxiety and depression.
6. Narcissistic personality disorder
A narcissistic personality disorder is a disorder that is associated with significant functional impairment and psychosocial disability. Narcissistic personality disorder has a significant impact on many areas of life as it associated with the occurrence of many problems. Patients having narcissistic personality disorder have an elevated sense of self importance and they feel upset when someone ignores them or don’t provide them what they believe to deserve. These people can be selfish and can take advantage of others. They always put their needs above other people.
7. Avoidant personality disorder
The avoidant personality disorder is relatively a common disorder that has a lifelong impact. It is characterized by the complex feelings of the extreme sensitivity of what others think about them and social inhibition. Patients avoidant personality disorder often avoid engaging in any occupational activities as it involves significant interpersonal contact and they fears of being criticized, disapproved or rejected. The fear of being shamed stops them to get into a relationship. Patients with this personality disorder feel lonely and isolated and worry about being shamed by others. They are sensitive towards what others think about them.
8. Histrionic personality disorder
A histrionic personality disorder is defined as a persistent and emotional behavior which is accompanied by attention seeking behavior. Patients having this personality disorder feel very uncomfortable when they are not a center of attention. These patients seek attention and when they feel that they are not getting the attention they engage in behavior that draws attention towards themselves such as they make up stories or create a scene. In fact, sometimes they behave in sexually provocative and flirtatious manner towards others, even if an individual does not have any interest in them. Also, individuals with this type of personality disorder have a style of speaking that is very dramatic.
9. Dependent personality disorder
A dependent personality disorder is characterized by a feeling of nervousness and fear. A dependent personality disorder is one of the frequently diagnosed disorder that requires an excessive need to be taken care of and a fear of being separated from the loved ones. Patients having this personality disorder lack self confidence and they face difficulty in doing things tasks on their own. A dependent personality disorder is associated with various features such as the inability to make decisions or avoiding any personal responsibilities. They can’t function normally without any help.
10. Obsessive compulsive personality disorder
Obsessive compulsive personality disorder is different from obsessive compulsive disorder and it is characterized by the need of an individual to keep everything in order and in control. Patients having this personality disorder are obsessive about the rules and schedules and these people often neglect their personal life for their work. They engage themselves in a work to such an extent that they forget to give some time to their relationships or some personal time. It involves a list of rules that need to be followed.
Tags: Histrionic personality disorder, Personality disorder treatment, Personality disorders test
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