Maybe you feel tired regularly. You are irritated, sleepy and short-tempered. You often feel tired and you can no clue on why you are feeling so.
Where does this unexplained tiredness come from??
Well, there are various factors that could be the reason for this problem.
Fatigue can be characterized as tiredness or exhaustion that interferes with the regular normal everyday activities. It is defined as persistent tiredness or weakness that can be physical, mental or the combination of both. There can be many causes of fatigue and various factors can play a role in making a person tired such as lifestyle factors, Psychosocial factors, and physical health.
Lifestyle factors such as diet, alcohol, and sleeping disorders can be a significant cause of fatigue.
- Dietary pattern affects the body to a great extent and deficient diets can cause various health problems that could ultimately lead to extreme tiredness.
- There is a relationship between the consumption of alcohol and tiredness and it can be due to the chemical effect of alcohol and also, alcohol reduces the proper dietary intake.
- Lack of sleep or sleep deprivation makes a person tired and there are various sleep disorders such as insomnia and obstructive sleep apnea that indicates fatigue or tiredness as a most common symptom.
- Sometimes the extreme level of exercise or extreme physical activity contributes to fatigue.
Psychological factors such as stress, depression, anxiety, and interpersonal difficulties affect the healthy life and sometimes they can also be life-threatening. Various studies suggest that psychosocial factors and lifestyle factors overlap when they affect people causes fatigue. Factors such as stress, depression, and anxiety are often accompanied by sleep disorders as tension do not let a person sleep peacefully and properly. Also, psychosocial factors can also lead to the development of various disorders that can make a person weak and tiredness is a common symptom in a weak person.
Physical causes are not always the obvious cause of fatigue but there are some diseases or disorders that can make a person feel tired.
Fatigue or extreme tiredness is considered to be a symptom that occurs at an early stage of iron deficiency. Iron is an important dietary mineral that carries oxygen around the body and in order to function effectively as it is needed by all the cells of the body. Iron is an important component that is present in hemoglobin and myoglobin and it is stored in the liver, spleen, bone marrow and other tissues but low iron intake can deplete these stores and leads to the development of disease known as Anemia. Other than tiredness, symptoms of anemia may also include shortness of breath, pale appearance, and lower resistance to infection and some people might not experience any symptom.
2. Thyroid dysfunction
There are many problems that are associated with thyroid disorders and fatigue is the most common problem that is accompanied by thyroid disorders. The thyroid gland, located in the middle of the neck, produces a hormone thyroid and whenever it fails to function properly it leads to the development of thyroid disorder.
Thyroid disorders are of two types, hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism. Hyperthyroidism is a condition which occurs due to an overactive thyroid gland and produces too much thyroid hormone. Anxiety, irritability, trouble sleeping and weakness, especially of the upper arm and thighs are some of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Hypothyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland of the body doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormone and causes symptoms like fatigue, weight gain, brittle nails, and dry skin.
3. Urinary tract infection
Urinary tract infection is a serious type of infection that can occur in any part of the urinary system such as the urethra, bladder, ureters, and kidney. It is a bacterial infection that occurs when the bacteria from the rectal area enters the urinary tract through the urethra to the bladder. The symptoms of this health problem make a person weak. Urinary tract infection has different names and it depends on the part of the urinary tract that is infected.
- An infection in the bladder is known as cystitis or bladder infection.
- An infection in the kidneys is known as pyelonephritis or kidney infection.
- An infection that empties urine from the bladder to the outside is called urethritis.
Changes in the level of hormones during pregnancy increase the risk of suffering from urinary tract infection and an infection during pregnancy are more likely to spread to the kidneys. Some of the common urinary tract infection symptoms include, extreme tiredness, urge to urinate frequently, burning with urination, a pressure in the lower abdomen and blood in the urine.
4. Glandular fever
Glandular fever is a viral illness that is caused by the virus Epstein-Barr and it affects the mononuclear cells or lymphocytes which are the types of white blood cells. Sometimes glandular fever is also known as infectious mononucleosis. It is a serious disease in which a virus is passed by close contact with infected individuals and after contact, a virus stays within the individual’s body for life. The most common symptoms of glandular fever are tiredness, sore throat, headache, fever and general enlargement of lymph nodes.