The harm of smoking is experienced at every organ in the body and it has become a primary cause of many premature deaths. Smoking harms the lungs, heart, brain, kidney, skin, eyes and if a woman does smoking during the pregnancy then even the unborn child suffers. Nicotine and tar are the major components of cigarette that leads to hazardous health issues. The increased risk of smoking is highly associated with the number of cigarettes smoked because of the presence of tar and nicotine content. Tar is a mixture of many chemicals that are associated with smoke constituents whereas nicotine is a naturally occurring chemical in the tobacco plant.
Here is the detailed analysis of a few health complications that smoking can lead you to-
1. Lung Cancer
Cigarette smoking has become the largest cause of lung cancer. Along with lungs, smoking is also associated with other cancers, such as cancer of the throat, mouth, colon, stomach, etc.. Each cigarette delivers so many chemicals to the lungs and these get absorbed in the bloodstream and carried into every organ in the body. Smoking also damages the DNA which plays important role in transferring genetic messages to every cell of the body. DNA damage causes the uncontrollable growth of cells and leads to the development of cancer. Chemicals like nicotine enter the lungs and interfere in the functioning of the lungs. It interferes with filtering and cleaning it.
Also Read: How Adversely Excessive Alcohol Affect Your Health
2. Cardiovascular diseases
Cigarette smoking is a major contributing cause of cardiovascular diseases. Chemicals in cigarette smoke lead to swollen and inflamed cells that line blood vessels. This can further lead to many cardiovascular conditions such as atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, stroke, etc.. Atherosclerosis is a condition in which the arteries become less flexible and it occurs when the cholesterol level in the blood forms plaque that builds up in the wall of arteries. Smoking increases the formation of plaque in the blood. Coronary heart disease occurs when the arteries that carry blood to the heart are narrowed by the formation of plaque. It can lead to a heart attack. When the blood flow to the brain is interrupted causes stroke and smoking highly increases the risk of stroke.
3. Affects human reproduction
Cigarette smoking affects the fertility of both males and females. It harms almost every phase of reproduction. Smoking makes it difficult for a woman to become pregnant. It can lead to an ectopic pregnancy which is a condition in which the fertilized egg fails to move to the uterus and attaches to the organ outside the womb. This condition almost always causes the fetus to die. Also, mothers who smoke during pregnancy are more likely to deliver a lightweight baby and premature ones which can be a leading cause of infant’s disability and death.
Men who smoke are more likely to have damaged DNA in their sperm and it also reduces their fertility. Smoking has become a key reason for the cause of erectile dysfunction. It is a condition in which males are incapable of keeping or getting a proper erection. Smoking interferes with the healthy function of the blood vessel in the erectile tissue.
4. Dental disease
Nicotine in cigarette smoke reduces the blood flow to the mouth and gums. Gum disease is a condition of inflammation of gums and also the loss of bone and tissue that surrounds the teeth and supports them. Without any support, teeth loosen and cause pain. The most noticeable immediate effects of smoking stained teeth, bad breath, loss of taste and smell. Sometimes smoking worsens gum disease and leads to the development of mouth and lip cancer. Many researchers say that if you smoke you are three times more likely to suffer from gum disease than non-smokers. The nicotine also reduces the flow of saliva and sometimes it makes the saliva thicker which is a sign that the functions are not working properly and are not protecting the teeth.
Quit smoking and reduces the risk of suffering from many diseases. Share it with your family and friends to create awareness. Stay Safe, Stay Healthy!!
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Annie is the oldest writer at Cheap Medicine Shop and is the subject and publishing expert. She has a graduate degree in medicines along with a diploma in creative writing.