Things You Didn’t Know About Cystic Fibrosis!
What Is Cystic Fibrosis?
Cystic Fibrosis is an inherited disease, which means you get the genes of the condition at the time of birth.
Mucus is a substance that assists the organs of our bodies to function correctly. In a healthy condition, the mucus is thin and slimy. But, a person with cystic fibrosis produces very thick and sticky mucus.
Due to its accumulation, the respiratory tract blocks which cause serious breathing difficulties.
What Causes Cystic Fibrosis?
A mutation in the gene CFTR causes CF or Cystic Fibrosis.
CFTR is a gene that commands for creating a channel that transports chloride ions back and forth the cells. Chloride ions are negatively charged particles that monitor the water circulation in the tissue.
Insufficient amounts of water in the tissue makes the mucus thick and sticky.
To cause CF, a child needs to inherit one copy of the gene CFTR from each of the parents. Inheritance of one copy doesn’t lead to the development of CF in the child. But, he acts as a carrier and can pass on the gene to offspring.
What Are The Symptoms Of Cystic Fibrosis?
The symptoms of the disease rely on the fierceness of the disease and the organs that are affected.
Some people experience specific symptoms of the disease, while others do not. Following are the symptoms experienced by most of the people:
- Low Body Mass Index
- Muscle and joint pain
- Delayed puberty
- Abdominal pain
- Chronic diarrhea
- Salty skin
- Night sweats
Things You Probably Didn’t Know About Cystic Fibrosis
1. CF Affects The Lungs And Digestive System
A person produces thick mucus with CF. It obstructs the airways and other organs, resulting in several lung and pancreatic disorders. It generally affects the respiratory system, but other
organs can also get influenced in rare cases.
2. Excessive Salt Releases From The Body Of The People Affected By CFC
An outrageous amount of salt is present in the sweat of a person with cystic fibrosis. This method is preferred by most of the doctors in the diagnosis of the disease.
3. Residing With People Having CF Can Be Dangerous
CF is non-contagious for the person who doesn't have a copy of the transformed CFTR gene in their body.
Maintaining some distance (about 6 feet) from a person with cystic fibrosis to reduce the risk of transmission.
4. CF Remains Unnoticeable By A Person’s Appearance
You can’t tell if a person has CF just by his presence. The disease makes a person very sick from inside. They experience trouble in performing everyday activities but appear hugely fit.
5. Cystic Fibrosis Is Also Known As “65 roses”
One day, a boy overheard his mother speaking about the condition over a phone call. He thought his mother said 65 roses rather than cystic fibrosis. Since then, the nickname has become renowned for the disease.
A single rose has been used for a very long time to demonstrate CF.
6. Most newborn babies are diagnosed with CF
Newborn babies are screened at the time of their birth. A small blood sample is drawn from the body and tested for the presence of various diseases.
Many newborn babies have CF at the moment of birth.
Can You Prevent Cystic Fibrosis?
If both of the parents have a cystic fibrosis gene, they can go for genetic testing before the baby is born. In this test, a sample of fluid is drawn from the womb of the mother and tested.
After the child takes birth, there is nothing you can do to prevent CF.
How To Manage The Symptoms Of Cystic Fibrosis?
Take appropriate medication and treatment to get relief from your symptoms. The following points can be beneficial in this regard:
1. Receive The Right Treatment
It's essential to receive proper treatment for your health. Your healthcare specialist may provide you with physiotherapy, antibiotics, and other medications.
2. Have A Healthy Diet
Having a healthy and balanced diet can keep you away from several diseases, including cystic fibrosis. Incorporate healthier foods into your diet and ensure that you are getting the right amount of nutrition.
3. Have Frequent Consultation
Frequent consultations are required to check the effectiveness of the treatment. If the medication is not working well for your condition, you can get it replaced with another.
4. Avoid Cigarette Smoking
Smoking cigarettes and taking second-hand smoke is equally hazardous. It can worsen the symptoms to a certain level.
5. Involve Yourself In Physical Activities
Patients receive physiotherapy as a part of their treatment. Specific exercises are imperative with physiotherapy. Ask the doctor for the same and make the symptoms manageable.
Tags: Cystic fibrosis facts and statistics, Cystic fibrosis symptoms, Cystic fibrosis treatment