high blood pressure or hypertension

What Is High Blood Pressure?

High blood pressure or hypertension is the medical condition when the pressure of blood reaches an abnormal stage. The measure of the blood pressure is taken into consideration as what is the amount of blood that passes through the veins and arteries and what is the resistance as the blood leaves the heart.  

The arteries which are on the narrower side have more resistance. More the narrowing there is on the vessels, there is higher blood pressure created on the heart. Having high blood pressure problems can create many medical health problems which also includes cardiovascular diseases.  

Before reaching the hypertension chronic stage, there is hypertension stage 1 or prehypertension stage. If one makes necessary lifestyle changes or controls at this stage, he can have life much better. Usually, people do not notice the early symptoms that could be the cause of hypertension. Noticing the symptoms early and keeping a regular check can help you eliminate the problem. Click here to read about symptoms one should not miss about hypertension. 

There are treatment options available for hypertension. The treatment has both the points covered which are making healthy life choices and taking the prescription medications. If the problem is not treated at an early stage it can lead to health problems that could be life-threatening to the body.

 high blood pressure or hypertension

How To Calculate Your High Blood Pressure Chart?

The American Heart Association or the AHA has issued the normal range and the stage or level when the range is in the high blood pressure. The blood pressure is measured in the millimeters of the mercury. The systolic pressure is to check the pressure created on the blood vessels and is at the top of the reading. The diastolic appears as the lower number and is used to represent the pressure of the blood where the heart takes a rest between two consecutive beats.  

  • The systolic rate is below 120 and the diastolic rate is below 80 when the blood pressure is normal.
  • The systolic rate is below between 120 to 129 and the diastolic rate is below 80 when the blood pressure increases.
  • The systolic rate is between 130 to 139 and the diastolic rate is between 80 to 90 when the blood pressure is in stage 1 of hypertension.
  • The systolic rate is 140 and above and the diastolic rate is 90 or above when the blood pressure is in stage 2 of hypertension.
  • The systolic rate is above 180 and the diastolic rate is over 120 when the blood pressure is in the chronic stage. 

 

Signs And Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure

Signs, symptoms, and the risk of blood pressure is different in both males as well as females. These can be due to hormonal factors. Hypertension also has been often labeled as the silent killer. This is because this problem often occurs without any symptoms in many cases. But once your blood pressure reaches the 180/120 range then there is an urgent need for call of a medical emergency.  

At the chronic hypertension stage, some of the signs that could be noticed are as follows: 

  • Chronic headache
  • Not being able to breathe smoothly
  • Nausea
  • Palpitations of the heart
  • Frequent vomiting
  • Nose bleeding
  • Dizziness
  • Having double vision
  • Having a blurry vision

 
Also Read: Foods That Are Boon And Bane For Blood Pressure

Symptoms In Woman 

Women who cross the age of 55 are often more prone or at the risk of developing high blood pressure problems than compared to men. Some of the reasons which can lead to hypertension in women are: 

  • Use of the birth control pills
  • Pregnancy 
  • Menopause 

Preeclampsia is one of the conditions that a woman might suffer from as a sign of high blood pressure. This can not only affect the woman but also her fetus. Some of the signs of preeclampsia are: 

  • Headaches
  • Blurry or vision change
  • Pain in the abdomen
  • Swelling which might lead to edema

 

Symptoms In Teenagers

One of the most common factors that can contribute to hypertension in teens is obesity. Other medical possibilities which can lead to high blood pressure are: 

  • Metabolic problems such as diabetes mellitus 
  • Renal disorders
  • Endocrine diseases which affect the hormonal problems
  • Vascular diseases
  • Neurological medical diseases

 

Symptoms In Children

Hypertension can even affect children. Apart from obesity or type 1 diabetes other factors that can lead to high blood pressure are given below. 

  • Tumor
  • Renal diseases
  • Cardiovascular diseases
  • Thyroid disease
  • Genetic diseases such as Cushing’s syndrome 

Symptoms are seen less in children than compares to the adults. Some of the signs which might show up are: 

  • Headache
  • Nose bleeding
  • Fatigue
  • Blurry vision

 Symptoms In New Borns and Babies

There have been cases where even the babies or the newborn children might be suffering from hypertension due to some underlying disease. Some signs and symptoms which might show up are:

  • Respiratory distress
  • Not being able to thrive
  • Seizures
  • Lethargy
  • Irritability

 

Cause Of High Blood Pressure

2 factors that can lead to being the cause of hypertension or high blood pressure are genetic factors (having a family history of hypertension) or lifestyle factors. Hypertension mainly occurs in people who are suffering from the following problems: 

  • Patients who are obese
  • Congenital diseases such as pheochromocytoma, Cushing syndrome or even acromegaly
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Sleeping disorders such as sleep apnea
  • Renal diseases
  • Lupus
  • Scleroderma
  • Having thyroid problems
  • Scleroderma 

Often diabetes and high blood pressure have also been linked. This often occurs because diabetes causes atherosclerosis which can lead to high blood pressure problems. 

 

How To Lower Down Your Blood Pressure

There are several treatment options available for the ones who suffer from blood pressure. These factors mostly depend on two factors which are: 

  • The rate or level of your hypertension
  • The risk on the health of your heart or a potential stroke 

Some of the treatment options mostly suggested to the patients are as follows: 

  • Medications
  • Diet
  • Home Remedies
  • Regular Exercise 
  • Losing Weight
  • Sleeping On Time

 

Potential Risks And Side Effects 

Suffering from hypertension puts you at the risk of several factors or health dangers. 

  • Your cardiovascular system can be affected.
  • It can lead to potential cardiac arrest or heart failure.
  • Your neurological health can be affected as the whole circulation is affected which could even lead to a stroke. 
  • Your renal health is affected as it leads to damage to the system. 






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