Cholesterol plays an important role in human’s heart health and high cholesterol can lead to cardiovascular diseases such as stroke, coronary heart disease etc.. Cholesterol is a fat like substance that is found in the bloodstream of the body and it is required by the body to protect nerves, producing hormones, making cell membranes.; It is a type of a lipid molecule and an important lipid for some membranes.
High Cholesterol level in the body can form a thick hard deposit in the artery wall. It further causes arteries to become thicker, less flexible, harder and sometimes it even blocks the flow of the blood to the heart. The restriction of the blood flow to the heart can lead to chest pain and in severe conditions clot stops the blood flow completely and can lead to heart attack.
Types of Cholesterol
1. High Density Lipoprotein (HDL)
HDL is also known as good cholesterol because it is good for the cardiovascular system. It has a lot of protein and little cholesterol. It acts as a protector and reduces the risk of heart disease by carrying the extra cholesterol out of the arteries. Higher HDL in the body, less chances of heart disease.
2. Low Density Lipoprotein (LDL)
LDL is also known as bad cholesterol and it is said to be bad for the cardiovascular system. LDL leads to high level of cholesterol and less protein the bloodstream that increases the risk of suffering from cardiovascular disease. LDL is said to be the main reason behind plaque as it leads to the build up of bad fat in the walls of the arteries that affects the flow of the blood to the heart. Lower the LDL, lower the risk of heart disease.
Triglycerides are another type of fat that is found in the blood and it have been noticed that most of the people who suffer from heart disease have high triglycerides. High triglyceride level are the combination of low HDL and high LDL and high triglyceride level often increases the risk of heart diseases.
A person’s health cholesterol level is based on many factors including age, gender, family history, medications etc.. But there are many factors that can be controlled by us and by bringing some change in the lifestyle we can reduce the risk of heart diseases.
Exercise is considered as an effective way to control cholesterol levels in the body. It lowers the LDL level in the blood and increases the level of HDL. Also, exercise helps in maintaining healthy weight and people with healthy weight are more likely to have normal level of cholesterol in the body. Losing very less percentage of weight can also lowers the level of triglyceride in the bloodstream.
2. Avoid excessive consumption of alcohol
Consuming too much of alcohol can increases the level of triglyceride in the blood and triglycerides are highly associated with cardiovascular diseases. Along with heart disease it also increases the risk of other health problems such as high blood pressure and obesity. Many researchers believes that a small amount of alcohol can also affect the level of cholesterol in the body.
3. Healthy diet
Intake of too much saturated fat affects the cholesterol level in the blood. Many researchers believes that by replacing saturated food with unsaturated food can tremendously affect the cholesterol level. It increases the HDL level in the body and reduces the LDL level that further reduces the risk of suffering from cardiovascular diseases. Some of the food items that increases cholesterol level includes ghee, butter, fatty meat, fat cheese etc.. Also, some of the food items that helps in lowering the food items include soya foods, beans, pulses, almonds, walnut etc. .
4. Quit smoking
Cholesterol level in the blood is highly associated with smoking as smoking releases many chemicals in the body that leads to many changes, including changes in the level of cholesterol. Cigarette smoking can lead to an uncontrollable changes in the level of cholesterol as it raises the bad cholesterol in the blood stream.
5. Take your medications on time
In order to control the level of cholesterol in the body, it is important to take the medications on time. Ways such as quitting smoking, exercising, healthy diet, maintaining healthy weight etc. can help you in fighting with high cholesterol faster but medications are the most important step that helps you reduce the cholesterol if it is too high.
Controlling a level of cholesterol is important and everyone should do what they can do to maintain the level. Share it with your family and friends and create awareness among them. Stay Safe, Stay Healthy!!