Do you know that there are some people who have to deal with strange and weird skin diseases? These diseases throw major impact on their lives and they have to go through the pain as well. Some of the skin diseases are listed below.
Tungiasis is a skin disease which is caused by infection with the Tunga penetrans. Tunga penetrans is a parasitic insect found in most tropical and subtropical climates. It is known to be the smallest flea measuring 1 mm. It causes a condition in which person notices skin inflammation, severe pain, itching and lesion at the site of infection. Tungiasis is characterized by the black dots at the center of a swollen red lesion and it surrounds by a white halo. People who suffer from this disease require a proper treatment to avoid any secondary infection that can lead to serious medical issues.
Keloid disorder is a formation of thick scar that grows much larger than the wound that causes a scar. The size and the shape of keloid vary from person to person. Overproduction of collagen fibers and fibroblast hyperplasia are known to the causes of this skin disease. Normally, a keloid scar is gentle and kind but sometimes it causes severe itchiness and pain. It can develop in any part of the body and it can be due to an insect bite, burn, scratching, pimple or any other skin problem. In Fact, it can also appear on the body piercing and earlobes and arms are the most common spot.
Elephantiasis is a rare skin disease that is caused by parasitic worms. It is also known as lymphatic filariasis. Under this condition, people notice severe swelling on the legs, arms, breast or the genitals. The affected skin can thicken and looks something likes an elephant’s skin. This skin disease spreads by the bite of mosquitoes and the three types of worms that are known to be the major cause of this disease include, wuchereria bancrofti, brugia malayi, and brugia timori. Wuchereria bancrofti is said to be the most common cause of this disease. These worms damage the lymphatic system which leads to a condition of elephantiasis.
Gangrene is a skin disease in which person notices change in skin colour to red or black, pain, swelling, skin breakdown, numbness etc.. Death of the body tissue due to the lack of blood supply causes this disease. It is highly associated with diabetes and long term smoking and underlying infection. Based on the symptoms of gangrene, it is classified into five types i.e dry gangrene, wet gangrene, gas gangrene, internal gangrene, and necrotizing fasciitis. Treatment of gangrene includes the surgical removal of all the dead tissues. Sometimes hyperbaric oxygen therapy is also useful.
Hypertrichosis is a condition in which person notices an abnormal amount of hair growth over the body. It is classified into two types, generalized and localized hypertrichosis. In generalized hypertrichosis hair growth occurs all over the body and in localized hypertrichosis hair growth occurs at a restricted to the particular area. It can further be divided into congenital and acquired. Congenital hypertrichosis is caused by genetic mutation and under this lanuginosa is noticeable since birth in which infant is covered with lanugo hair. Normally, these hairs are shed before the birth but under this condition, it remains even after the birth. Whereas in acquired hypertrichosis lanugo hair appears after birth. There are many causes of this such as side effects of the drug, an association with cancer etc..
Blisters is a skin disease in which small pockets of body fluid appears within the upper layer of the skin. Mostly it occurs when the skin is damaged by the friction, burn, infection, freezing etc.. It should be noted that the blisters should not be popped as it can lead to other problems. Effects of blisters can vary from person to person, it depends on the cause of the blister. To one person it might hurt a lot and to another, it might hurt little.
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