What Is Chlamydia?


What Is Chlamydia?

According to the STD Surveillance Report 2017, available with CDC (Centers For Disease Control And Prevention), a total of 1,708,569 cases of Chlamydia were reported, making it the most prevalent among all STDs in the United States. 


Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted disease(STD) caused by a bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis. It affects both men and women and causes no symptoms as such. Women can get chlamydia in the cervix, rectum or throat whereas men can get this STD in the urethra (inside the penis), rectum or throat.

What Is Chlamydia?

Symptoms Of Chlamydia:


Usually, the symptoms of Chlamydia are not that apparent and become prominent within one to three weeks of transmission.




Symptoms In Women:


  • Abnormal vaginal discharge with a strong odour.
  • Pain while urinating.
  • Pain during intercourse.
  • Bleeding between periods or after sex.
  • Pain in lower abdomen.
  • Burning sensation in area near vagina.


Symptoms In Men:


  • Burning sensation and pain during urination.
  • Swelling and pain in the testicles.
  • White discharge from the penis.
  • Itching and burning sensation at the tip of the penis or urethra.


Chlamydia infection can occur in the rectum as well. With no specific signs or symptoms, one may experience rectal pain, discharge and bleeding.


If the eye gets infected with this condition, you may notice swelling and reddening of the eye (conjunctivitis).

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Causes Of The Chlamydia:


Caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis, it is more common among women of young age, usually below 25. 


Other risk factors or causes that can trigger Chlamydia include:


  • Having multiple sex partners
  • Having frequent unprotected sex
  • Chlamydia is transmitted through oral, vaginal or anal sex with someone who is infected.
  • A woman infected with Chlamydia can also pass it to her baby during childbirth

How Is Chlamydia Diagnosed?


There are clinical tests to check for Chlamydia. Usually, a cotton swab is used to collect samples from the urethra in men and cervix in women and send it to the laboratory for diagnosis. At times, the urine sample is also diagnosed to check for the presence of bacteria.

Is Chlamydia Curable?


Chlamydia is curable. Since it is caused by bacteria, it can be treated by antibiotics.


Two antibiotics prescribed to cure Chlamydia are:


  • Azithromycin (Zithromax): usually recommended in a single and large dose.
  • Doxycycline: Doxycycline has to be taken twice a day for a week.


Women infected with severe cases of Chlamydia may require to get hospitalized and given intravenous antibiotics (injecting medicine through veins).


  • One should avoid having sex during treatment period to prevent transmission of this disease. 
  • Protected sex is often recommended by doctors to prevent their recurrence.
  • Doctors also refer the partners of the patient to get tested for Chlamydia to prevent reinfection and spread of the disease.

Complications Of Chlamydia:


Complication In Females Of Untreated Chlamydia:


  • Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID): is an infection of the uterus and fallopian tube that can cause serious damage to the reproductive system. This can lead to long term pelvic pain, infertility or ectopic pregnancy.
  • Pregnant women with Chlamydia can transmit the disease to their baby which can cause pneumonia or an eye infection in the newborns.


Complications In Males Of Untreated Chlamydia:


  • Infection In Prostate Gland: The infection can spread to the prostate gland causing fever, pain in the lower back, painful intercourse and irritation while urinating.
  • Infection in testicles: Also known as Epididymitis, can cause inflammation of the epididymis tube- which holds the testicles in place and located beside them. This infection can result in scrotal pain, fever and swelling of the testicles. 
  • Delayed medical attention to Chlamydia can give rise to other sexually transmitted diseases as well, for example, Gonorrhea.
  • Untreated Chlamydia can also cause HIV/AIDS in both men and women.

Prevention of Chlamydia:


Preventive measures for this disease include:


  • Have protected sex.
  • Avoid having multiple sex partners.
  • Get tested for STDs with each new partner.
  • Avoid vaginal douching.
  • Avoid having oral sex or use proper protection while having oral sex.

Home Remedies for Chlamydia:


Some alternate home remedies can be used to ease out the symptoms of Chlamydia and but are not reliable enough to completely eliminate the infection. These include:


  • Goldenseal: This medical plant can be beneficial during this infection by helping to reduce the inflammation.
  • Echinacea: This plant is used to improve and boost the immune system and can be helpful during various infections such as common cold, skin wounds,etc. It can be used to overcome the symptoms of Chlamydia.










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