A very strange condition in which the patient’s blood pressure gets elevated when he is in the presence of a medical set up i.e. around the doctor, nurse or any kind of medical atmosphere is called White Coat Hypertension. “White Coat” is referred to doctors because those types of codes are traditionally worn by them. If you measure the blood pressure at home, you may notice different readings and while checking in a medical environment, there might be a spike in your blood pressure readings, then that clearly indicates that you have white coat hypertension. Usually, the difference between the readings are not much, but sometimes the gap can be larger as well which will create complications.

White Coat Hypertension

Why White Coat Hypertension occur?

The blood pressure of a person is not a permanent phenomenon. It may rise or fall every time. Usually the factors like fatty food, drinks, over exercising etc influence the readings. The effects of white coat syndrome usually take place when you are around the doctor, nurse or any other medical staff. Patients get nervous around them which results in rise in the blood pressure level. The rate of rising may vary among different people. If you are too anxious, your systolic may rise up to 30 mmHg due to which your doctor may face problem in measuring your blood pressure.

According to a study, researchers have found that people with white coat hypertension are more prone to some serious medical ailments like:

  • Heart Failure
  • Stroke

People with white coat hypertension have serious chances of getting real hypertension afterward.

How to find whether you have White Coat Hypertension?

There are various ways in which you can check and confirm that you have white coat hypertension like:

  • Check your B.P at home: The most effective way to verify that whether you have White Coat Syndrome or not is to first check your B.P at home and then get it checked by the doctor. If you notice any significant change in both the readings, then there is a sign of you having the syndrome.
  • Monitoring your Blood Pressure: If you closely want to keep a check on your blood pressure readings, measure it every hour and see the difference between the previous readings. You will be given a device to wear which will monitor every minute of your activity of the blood pressure. It will store the readings and keep it in its memory so you don’t have to keep any track of the readings. You just need to keep your monitor on.

How to cure White Coat Hypertension?

You know that your blood pressure eventually rises as soon as you get into contact with the doctor, medical officer or even the setup, so you become more self-conscious that boosts your blood pressure more. Therefore, it is recommended to keep few things in mind before checking the blood pressure:

Relax for a while: If you feel panicked as soon as you see doctor arriving, try to calm yourself down. Tell the doctor to wait for a bit until you relax. Try taking few deep breaths, it will release your stress and make you comfortable.

Move to a different place: If you are in a crowded place and it’s making you uncomfortable then move to a different place which is quite so that you can take your measurements properly without any interruptions.

Try to lighten the mood of the place by engaging in a conversation: If you feel that the place is too serious and it is making you nervous due to which your blood pressure can rise, then you can try to ease the situation by talking to the doctor or nurse so you get comfortable.

How to treat?

If after all the relaxation, and other steps, still, your blood pressure does not drop tell your doctor about it. Since doctors already know about the White Coat Hypertension, they will prescribe the medicines keeping the syndrome under consideration. You are also suggested to check your blood pressure regularly to see the progress. You can also sit with your doctor and get a complete diagnosis as what needs to be done to keep the level of your blood pressure in check.