Women are always misunderstood. Everything about them is complicated. Starting from her menstrual cycle, her puberty to her fertility, nothing is easier. When we talk about the female fertility, it is a sensitive issue as well. Every woman wants to experience the beauty of motherhood but sometimes, due to some complications, it becomes harder for them. When a female can’t get pregnant, she is considered infertile. If a woman keeps having miscarriages, then also she is considered infertile.
The reason behind female infertility:
There might be various factors due to which a woman might not be able to conceive:
- Hormonal Problems: If you are not getting pregnant, there might be a reason that your body is not going through a hormonal change that results to the release of an egg from the ovary and also the thickening of the uterus’ lining.
- Irregular Periods or no Periods: We all know, how menstrual cycle works. When there are some abnormalities in the periods, that may lead to infertility. Abnormalities may include heavier or lighter bleeding, painful periods, irregular periods or no periods at all.
- Damaged fallopian tubes: They are the tube-like structure that is responsible for carrying eggs from ovary to the uterus. If a woman had pelvic infections or pelvic surgery, she might get damaged fallopian tubes that may make it hard for the woman to conceive.
- Uterine Problems: If a woman has uterine problems, it might be hard for her to get pregnant. You may have fibroids which are a tumor that usually develops in the wall of the uterus. Various other abnormalities might also occur that interfere with the pregnancy.
- Cervical Problems: There occurs a situation when woman have a condition that prevents sperm from passing through the cervical canal.
There are various tests that are done to diagnose infertility in women. Some of them are:
- Laparoscopy: It is a surgical procedure in which fiber-optic instrument is inserted entered through the abdominal wall of the woman so that detailed analysis can be done and the reason could be found. This method lets the doctor examine and see the outside of your uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and find out the abnormalities in it.
- Ovulation Testing: This test is done to find out the fertility days, so you can maximize your efforts of conceiving.
- Ultrasonography: This test is also done to check the fertility in women. In this, sound waves are used to image as well as closely examine the ovaries, uterus, ovarian follicles etc. It is also done to check the signs of ovulation like fluid in the follicle sac, loss of clear follicle etc.
- Hysterosalpingogram: This is a radiology procedure that checks the health of uterus as well as the fallopian tubes. In this, a liquid is injected into the uterus and fallopian tubes, then it is photographed to examine the shape of a uterus. It is relatively inexpensive and effective test.
What are the Treatments?
- In vitro fertilization: It is one of the effective techniques in which the doctor takes the eggs from the ovaries with the help of a small needle and then is fertilized with a sperm in a specialized lab. This can also be helpful in future. If your partner agree, extra embryos can be frozen and kept for use in future.
- Intrauterine Insemination: In this procedure, sperm is introduced into the woman’s uterus for the purpose of achieving pregnancy. It can also be taken while you are having medicines that can sometimes trigger the release of eggs.
- Egg Donation: If your ovaries don’t work properly, but you have a normal uterus, the eggs from a donor could be removed and the doctor transfers the fertilized eggs into your uterus which could help in the pregnancy.
These are some of the treatments that can be done to increase your fertility rate. You can also opt for good food and exercises to increase your fertility rate.
This is all about female infertility and its complications. Read about it and share with your friends and family. Stay safe and stay healthy.