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Pigmentation on Face: Everything You Need to Know

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Freckles are the latest trend. Being cute has been a significant part of the newest makeup trends. However, when these freckles turn into spots, they can be debilitating.

Pigmentation and hyperpigmentation are familiar skin concerns. 

No one wants to experience the dark, permanent marks on the skin.

However, pigmentation on the face can be cured with derm-approved treatments and products.

The treatment is dependent on the type of pigmentation on faces.

Pigmentation removal can be carried out quickly with professional help. What is pigmentation? What is the pigmentation on the face causes?

The best treatment for pigmentation on the face is covered in the article.

Table of Contents

  1. Inflammation
  2. Melasma
  3. Exposure to the sun
  4. Medical Rationale
  1. Sunscreen blockage
  2. Keeping the skin moisturized
  3. Keep your hands away from your skin
  4. Take the professional advice

Meaning: Pigmentation on The Face

Hyperpigmentation is a usually harmless condition where dark patches on the skin are formed which appear different from the color of the surrounding area.

The usual cause behind pigmentation on the face is the overproduction of melanin. 

The substance, melanin, gives the skin its color. Hyperproduction of the substance results in brown patches on the skin.

Depending on the source and intensity of pigmentation, it has various types.

The American Academy of Dermatology states that four overall types of pigmentation affect people at large.

Types of Pigmentation on The Face

Hyperpigmentation can disturb any color or race of humans. There are sundry types of pigmentation; the most ordinary ones are:


Skin abrasions are the cause behind the set-off of inflammation in the skin. These may include acne, scrapes, cuts, bug bites, the friction of rubbing, or eczema.

A rise in the levels of inflammation in the skin will promote hyper pigment production.

The result is dark patches on the skin. Hence, inflammation is one of the most common and significant causes of pigmentation.


Melasma is a type of hyperpigmentation that is observed in women during pregnancy. It is often termed the “Mask of pregnancy ” in layman’s language.”

Melasma is a result of hormonal imbalance in the body of a female while she is in her pregnancy. The other causes of Melasma make it evident that it can also affect men and other women.

Melasma can result from contraceptives, birth control pills, exposure to the sun, genetics, and many more.

Another potent factor of Melasma is airborne pollution. Pollutants can result in settling on the skin and damaging it. The cause of the action will be the weakening of the skin. This results in pigmentation on the face and any other body part.

Exposure to the Sun’sun’s

UV rays are one of the most treacherous and customary causes of pigmentation. When the UV rays hit the skin, it starts to overproduce melanin to create a defense mechanism against the damage.

The resulting condition is tanning. When one faces regular sun exposure, consequently, the state of the skin worsens and forms dark patches. 

The dark patches can also be an indication of precancerous blemishes. The sensible decision would be to consult a dermatologist immediately.

Medical Rationale

Certain conditions and medications can be an underlying cause of pigmentation on the faAddison’son’s disease is one such condition where you can develop hyperpigmentation due to it.

Similarly, a few drugs, like chemotherapy and even antibiotics, can be a reason for pigmentation on the face.

Risk Factors of Hyperpigmentation

The concern of hyperpigmentation is multi-faceted. Depending on the source of it, it can vary. The significant risk factors of hyperpigmentation are:-

  • Skin traumas like cuts, blemishes, severe rubbing, bruises, etc. 
  • Oral contraceptives like birth control pills.
  • Pregnancy can also cause a pigmentation condition called Melasma.
  • Frequent and prolonged exposure to the sun.
  • Any drug that can affect the sensitivity of the skin.

Pigmentation on Face: Diagnosis

Pigmentation can be diagnosed very quickly with the help of a dermatologist and your medical history.

A physical examination is needed to interpret it. Treatments are drafted only after analysis of the reason for pigmentation.

Ordinarily, medications are prescribed. These medications contain a substance called hydroquinone.

This substance is renowned for its skin-lightening properties. Applying and having the medicines as per derm advice will effectively reduce and treat pigmentation.

However, it must be kept in mind that ordinary hydroquinone is not suitable for the health of your skin in the longer run. Therefore, topical hydroquinone is something that one must go for, and that too only after a doctor’s consultation.

Another substance that may also help is hydro-retinol. When used under the doctor’s surveillance, the medicines will result in skin lightening in a few months.

Also Read: Treating Acne with 6 Natural Remedies!

Pigmentation on Face Treatments

Sunscreen Blockage

Sunscreen is fundamental to preventing the risk of pigmentation. Do not forget to apply sunscreen even if you do not plan to go out in the sun. The introductory notes to be followed before applying sunscreen are:

  • Sunscreen must be at least SPF30+. The recommended one is SPF50+.
  • Select the one which has a broad spectrum of range.
  • Zinc oxide is the activating ingredient in essential sunscreens.

A moisturizer is a must skincare product that must be applied before sunscreen. Skin moisturizers contain substances like hydroquinone, retinol, and glycerin. These substances are effective in skin lightening.

The active ingredients inhibited in these substances have shown positive results in treating pigmentation and cell turnover. A moisturized skin will defend itself against cell turnover and hence pigmentation.

Keep Your Hands Away From the Skin

Mosquito and bug bites often compel us to scratch or rub the area. The tickling effect will tempt any human hand to go ahead and scrape it off. However, one should avoid it as these actions can lead to inflammation and pigmentation.

Take the Professional Advice

Do not take any medication without the advice of a dermatologist. Professional help will enable you to get to the roots of the condition and wipe it off forever.

In addition, a dermatologist will diagnose the reason for pigmentation on the face and recommend treatments depending on its cause. If you are facing stubborn pigmentation, it is advised to see a doctor as soon as possible.

A treatment remains ineffective without proper care and prevention in the future. If you have the concern of pigmentation on your face resolved, it is advised to take preventive measures to protect yourself from future damage.

Sunscreen is a must, and that too, an SPF30+ at least. Keep your skin adequately hydrated, moisturized, and away from the sun!

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Photo of author Janet Fudge
Janet Fudge is a highly skilled and experienced pharmacologist who serves as a contributing writer for With a strong academic background from a premier US University and a passion for helping others, Janet has become a trusted voice in the pharmaceutical world. After completing her Doctor of Pharmacy degree, Janet embarked on a successful career in the pharmaceutical industry, working with various clients, including hospitals, retail pharmacies, and drug manufacturers. Her in-depth knowledge of pharmacology and dedication to patient-centered care has led her to excel in her field. As a writer for, Janet uses her wealth of expertise to provide readers with accurate, reliable, and up-to-date information on various topics related to medicine and healthcare. Her engaging writing style and ability to break down complex topics into easily digestible content make her a valuable resource for healthcare professionals and the general public.
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