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Two Periods in One Month: Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatments

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Periods or menstrual cycles, are natural processes that create several hormonal changes in women or Assigned Females at Birth. They usually occur once a month, every 21 to 35 days.

Yet, some individuals may experience two periods within one month. This can disrupt one’s daily life and be a cause of concern for many.

Although occasional menstrual irregularities may be normal, irregularities for prolonged periods can be bothersome.

To manage this condition effectively, it is important to learn about the possible causes. This requires a proper diagnosis and immediate attention to prevent complications. 

This article will discuss the potential causes of two periods in one month and how to treat the condition.

What Causes Two Periods in One Month

The causes of two menstruations in a month range from minor hormonal changes to serious underlying conditions. However, it is essential to know that these causes usually vary for every individual.

Some individuals may experience it due to uterine or cervical problems, while some may notice lifestyle factors affecting their periods.

Others may also experience it due to other medical conditions, such as Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) or Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID). In these cases, a proper diagnosis is necessary for receiving appropriate treatment.

In this section, we will answer your question, “Why am I having two periods in one month?” in detail.

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  • Hormonal Imbalances

    hormones written on a plain backgroundSource: Africa_images
    Hormones

    Hormonal imbalance is a common factor that causes irregularities in this phase of menstruation. This can be due to thyroid issues, Perimenopause, or Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS).

    According to a study, excessive or low thyroid affects hormone levels and can lead to irregularities in one’s periods. This may sometimes cause spotting before periods and result in 2 periods.

    In PCOS, women experience hormonal imbalances due to ovarian cysts. This can often lead to irregular ovulation. As a result, women experience irregular periods during PCOS, causing more than one period in a month.

    Hormone levels can also fluctuate during Perimenopause (the transition phase before Menopause), resulting in unpredictable ovulation patterns. This makes menstrual irregularity one of the symptoms of Perimenopause.

    Uterine or Cervical Issues

    Most women with uterine or cervical issues may experience more than one period in a month. Women who have Uterine Fibroids (non-cancerous growths in the uterus) may also experience this symptom.

    In the case of Uterine Fibroids, women may experience bleeding between periods and frequent periods. It is also similar in women who have Cervical or Uterine Polyps.

    One of the most common symptoms of Polyps is abnormal uterine bleeding. It is often followed by period cramps and pelvic pain.

    In case of a condition like Endometriosis, an individual may face severe pain and irregular menstrual cycles. 

    Glossary:
    Polyps are non-cancerous growths that form on the lining of organs like the uterus or colon. It leads to irregular bleeding or other symptoms depending on their location.
    Endometriosis is where tissue like the uterine lining grows outside the uterus. It can cause pain, irregular periods, and sometimes infertility.

    Lifestyle Factors

    a tired woman laying on the floor due to excessive exerciseSource: getty_images
    A tired woman due to excessive exercise

    Several lifestyle factors can influence menstrual regularity and lead to two periods in a month. 

    Hormonal fluctuations can occur in individuals under severe stress. These fluctuations can cause irregular ovulation and abnormal periods. Women who are obese may also experience two periods in one month. 

    The fat tissues in obese women often lead to more than enough Estrogen in the body, which causes irregularities during menstruation. In some cases, excessive exercise may also lead to this symptom due to physical stress.

    Other Medical Conditions

    Apart from the above-mentioned causes, some individuals can experience frequent periods due to other medical conditions. These are usually infections that change menstrual bleeding patterns.

    Infections, like STIs or PID, can cause inflammation and irritation of the reproductive organs. These irritations usually change the bleeding pattern, leading to multiple periods in a month. 

    Caution:
    If you are using any anticoagulants or corticosteroids and experiencing more than one period in a month, it is best to consult your doctor immediately. Overusing these medications can reduce your body’s ability to regulate menstrual bleeding, resulting in irregular cycles.

    Treatments For Two Periods in a Month

    Since the answer to the question, “Is it normal to have two periods in one month?” is no, women often look for effective treatment options. 

    Experts often suggest maintaining a healthy diet and avoiding excessive exercise to prevent irregular periods. They may also prescribe hormonal birth control pills to stabilize the menstrual cycle.

    Some women may benefit from using iron supplements since they can reduce Anemia caused by more than one period. Doctors may suggest thyroid hormone replacement therapy or antibiotics in cases of thyroid disorders or infections. 

    Women with cervical or uterine abnormalities may have to undergo surgical procedures for a complete cure. In order to reduce pain in these cases, one may also opt for Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs).

    Conclusion

    Two periods in one month are abnormal and can indicate underlying serious conditions. Usually, most women experience it due to hormonal disorders of the thyroid or due to PCOS and Perimenopause.

    Others may face it due to uterine or cervical structural problems. Another common factor indicates a bad lifestyle is the underlying cause of these symptoms. 

    Additionally, medical conditions like PID or STIs and certain medications may also cause this irregularity. As a popular treatment, doctors usually suggest maintaining a healthy lifestyle to avoid two monthly periods. 

    They may also suggest hormonal birth control pills or medications based on the underlying cause. Hence, it is always best to consult an expert for a proper diagnosis and appropriate treatment.

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    Frequently Asked Questions

    How do doctors diagnose two periods in a month?

    Doctors usually review a patient’s medical history to diagnose two periods in a month. They also opt for physical exams and blood tests to check hormone levels.
    In some cases, they may also use ultrasounds to view the uterus and ovaries and find the underlying cause of the condition.

    Can making lifestyle changes completely stop two periods in a month?

    Yes, lifestyle changes may stop two periods in a month if minor factors cause it. These changes include reducing stress, maintaining a healthy weight, and exercising moderately.
    It can help regulate menstrual cycles and stop the condition. However, underlying medical conditions may require additional treatment.

    Can birth control pills help regulate two periods in one month?

    Yes, birth control pills can help regulate menstrual cycles and prevent having two periods in one month. These pills stabilize the hormone levels, which can prevent irregular bleeding. 
    Yet, it is always best to consult an expert to select the most suitable type of birth control for your specific needs.

    What does it mean if two periods in a month are followed by fever?

    If two periods in a month are followed by a fever, it could indicate an underlying infection. In some cases, it can also mean other health issues, like Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) or a hormonal imbalance.

    Does stress commonly lead to two periods in a month?

    Yes, stress can commonly lead to two periods in a month. High-stress levels can disrupt hormonal balance, affecting the menstrual cycle and causing irregularities, including more frequent periods. 
    Thus, it is important to manage stress to maintain the regularity of one’s menstrual cycle.

    Citations:
    Cheap Medicine Shop only refers to credible, authoritative sources for our content. If you’re curious about how we ensure the integrity of our content, we encourage you to read our Content Information Policy.

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    Photo of author Janet Fudge
    Janet Fudge is a highly skilled and experienced pharmacologist who serves as a contributing writer for CheapMedicineShop.com. With a strong academic background from a premier US University and a passion for helping others, Janet has become a trusted voice in the pharmaceutical world. After completing her Doctor of Pharmacy degree, Janet embarked on a successful career in the pharmaceutical industry, working with various clients, including hospitals, retail pharmacies, and drug manufacturers. Her in-depth knowledge of pharmacology and dedication to patient-centered care has led her to excel in her field. As a writer for CheapMedicineShop.com, Janet uses her wealth of expertise to provide readers with accurate, reliable, and up-to-date information on various topics related to medicine and healthcare. Her engaging writing style and ability to break down complex topics into easily digestible content make her a valuable resource for healthcare professionals and the general public.
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