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Understanding: What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is a common genital infection among sexually active women.

Annually, over 1 million women in the United States are diagnosed with PID, with over 100,000 experiencing infertility as a result.

Understanding the impacts and consequences of this disease is essential for effective prevention and treatment.

Below, we have answered, ‘What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?’ for you to make an informed decision for better management.

What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is an infection affecting the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries in women and AFAB.

It occurs when bacteria, often from untreated Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), spread to these organs.

Some common symptoms of PID may include:

However, these symptoms can often be mild or unnoticeable.

Therefore, it is best to seek proper diagnosis and treatment of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease through a certified doctor.

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  • What Causes Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

    pelvic inflammatory diseaseSource: Africa_images
    Woman suffering from pid pain

    PID occurs when bacteria from the vagina spread to other reproductive organs, such as the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. 

    Normally, the cervix prevents this spread, but vaginal infections can disrupt its function. 

    Gonorrhea and Chlamydia, two common STIs, are the main causes of PID. These STIs result in about 90% of PID cases. 

    Occasionally, PID can also stem from normal vaginal bacteria entering the reproductive organs during childbirth or miscarriage.

    Having a history of PID increases the chances of future infections. It is best to undergo regular screening for STIs even after your PID treatment is complete.

    Treatment of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

    The treatment for PID primarily involves prescription-based antibiotics to treat the infection.

    Following the diagnosis of your PID, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics to be taken orally for about 14 days. 

    It is advised to complete the prescribed course of antibiotics even if you start feeling better. 

    Additionally, you may need to return for a check-up to ensure the treatment is working. 

    In some cases, antibiotics may be given through a vein, especially if you’re pregnant or have a severe infection. 

    Surgery is rare but may be considered if symptoms persist or if there is an abscess.

    Furthermore, avoid sexual activity until treatment is complete and use protection afterward to prevent reinfection.

    PID may increase the risk of certain congenital disabilities in newborns, although research on this topic is still limited. Always discuss with your doctor if you suspect pregnancy or are planning to get pregnant.


    Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is a common name among reproductive tract infections in young adult women.

    Individuals seeking information about reproductive tract infections often ask- “What is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?”

    Pelvic Inflammatory Disease is a serious infection that impacts the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries in women.

    It is primarily caused by Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), such as Gonorrhea and 

    Chlamydia spreading to the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries.

    Some common symptoms of this infection include abdominal pain, abnormal vaginal discharge, chills or fever, nausea, and painful urination.

    To treat PID, your doctor will prescribe certain medications, such as antibiotics.

    In severe cases, surgery may be required

    It is essential to receive a proper diagnosis and treatment of PID to prevent further complications such as chronic pain and infertility.

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    Frequently Asked Questions

    What STD causes Pelvic Inflammatory Disease?

    Pelvic Inflammatory Disease is commonly caused by STIs such as Gonorrhea and Chlamydia. 
    These infections can lead to PID if left untreated, resulting in inflammation and potential damage to the reproductive organs.

    Where do you feel PID pain?

    PID pain is typically felt in the lower abdomen or pelvic region. 
    It can vary from mild to severe and may be accompanied by other symptoms such as abnormal vaginal discharge, fever, or pain during intercourse.

    Does douching cause Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID)?

    Yes, douching can disrupt the natural balance of bacteria in the vagina, increasing the risk of PID. 
    However, it’s not the sole cause. Most cases of PID are linked to STIs like Chlamydia and Gonorrhea.

    How can I lower my risk for PID?

    To lower PID risk, it is advised to practice safe sex, get regular STI tests, and limit sexual partners.
    Additionally, seek prompt medical attention if you observe any symptoms.

    If I had Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, would I have trouble getting pregnant?

    Yes, a history of PID can make it harder to get pregnant.
    PID can cause significant damage to the reproductive organs, increasing the risk of infertility. 
    Seeking prompt treatment minimizes this risk, but PID can still affect fertility in some cases.

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    Photo of author Janet Fudge
    Janet Fudge is a highly skilled and experienced pharmacologist who serves as a contributing writer for With a strong academic background from a premier US University and a passion for helping others, Janet has become a trusted voice in the pharmaceutical world. After completing her Doctor of Pharmacy degree, Janet embarked on a successful career in the pharmaceutical industry, working with various clients, including hospitals, retail pharmacies, and drug manufacturers. Her in-depth knowledge of pharmacology and dedication to patient-centered care has led her to excel in her field. As a writer for, Janet uses her wealth of expertise to provide readers with accurate, reliable, and up-to-date information on various topics related to medicine and healthcare. Her engaging writing style and ability to break down complex topics into easily digestible content make her a valuable resource for healthcare professionals and the general public.
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