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Everything You Need to Learn About Eye Pain

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When a person experiences eye pain in one or both eyes, it can cause discomfort in their daily life.

Eye pain can be associated with several symptoms, like blurry vision, headaches, nausea, and redness.

However, there may be several reasons why a person can face pain in the eyes.

These causes usually include injury, inflammation, infections like pink eyes, and other underlying health conditions.

Since this pain in the eye can sometimes hinder comfort, it is important to learn about its treatments to protect one’s vision.

This article will discuss the types, symptoms, causes, and treatments of eye pain in detail.

What is Eye Pain

Eye pain, also medically known as Ophthalmalgia, refers to the pain that a person experiences in or around their eyes.

The pain in the eyes is usually experienced differently depending on the person and the factor causing it.

Individuals might experience it as a sharp pain in eyes, eye pain when blinking, or pain behind eye with movement.

While the mild pain in the eyes might be due to dust or foreign bodies, severe pain might sometimes lead to blindness.

When a person experiences eye pain on the surface, it can be a burning or itching sensation.

On the other hand, pain behind the eyes can feel like a shooting pain or acute throbbing.

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  • Symptoms Associated with Eye Pain

    Since ocular pain can manifest differently for individuals, it has some associated symptoms.

    People may experience eye pain with symptoms like blurry vision, sensitivity to light, watering, and redness.

    Although not all of these symptoms are present in a single person, they can be responsible for causing pain in some cases.

    This section will discuss how the above-mentioned symptoms are related to eye pain.

    Eye Pain and Blurry Vision

    eye pain and blurry visionSource: studioroman
    Women suffering from eye pain and blurry vision

    According to a study, problems in vision, like blurry vision, may often arise due to optic nerve inflammation.

    Individuals with inflamed optic nerves may experience this constant eye pain, leading to blurred vision.

    Thus, these symptoms may happen simultaneously due to reasons like infections or retinal problems.

    Do you want to know more about eye pain and blurry vision? Read What Causes Eye Pain and Blurry Vision?

    Eye Pain and Sensitivity to Light

    A person may often experience eye pain alongside sensitivity to light or photophobia.

    A person undergoing eye infections like Uveitis or pink eyes (Conjunctivitis) may often experience both of these symptoms together.

    In cases of headaches, sensitivity to light can often cause headaches, which may reach the eyes.

    To understand the connection between headache and eye pain, read Eye Pain and Headache: Understanding The Discomfort.

    When a person with photophobia spends too much time on screen, it can also cause ocular pain in them.

    In order to learn more about the connection between ocular pain and photophobia, read Understanding the Connection Between Eye Pain and Sensitivity to Light.

    Eye Pain and Watering

    Watering of the eyes, also medically known as Epiphora, may often happen alongside eye pain.

    This may often happen as a natural response of the eyes to reduce the irritation due to the ocular pain.

    In most cases, these symptoms are simultaneously seen in conditions like Conjunctivitis, dry eyes, Keratitis, and wearing contact lenses.

    People who swim may experience watering of eyes and burning or pain due to the chlorine in the water.

    To learn more about the relationship between these two symptoms, read our article on Eye Pain and Watering.

    Eye Redness and Pain

    The redness of one’s eyes can happen due to infections like pink eyes (Conjunctivitis) or inflammation due to other conditions.

    In these cases, it can cause pain in the eyes, which is often associated with redness.

    Hence, individuals with eye pain due to certain optical conditions may experience eye redness.

    Do you want to know more about eye redness and optical pain? Read our article on Eye redness and Pain.

    Eye Pain and Nausea

    Just like the other above-mentioned symptoms, eye pain and nausea are also closely connected.

    The discomfort one feels due to eye pain can sometimes trigger the feeling of nausea.

    When a person experiences the eye condition of Acute angle-closure Glaucoma, the pressure in the eyes rises suddenly.

    This sudden increase in eye pressure results in symptoms like severe eye pain, nausea, and vomiting.

    Eye Pain Causes

    It is important to know the causes of eye pain for its proper diagnosis and treatment.

    A person might often experience pain in their eye due to Migraine, Covid, Glaucoma, eye infections, and Cataract surgery.

    Let us now discuss these above-mentioned causes of ocular pain in detail.

    Migraine Eye Pain

    A Migraine refers to a headache that feels like a throbbing or pulsing pain on one’s side of the head.

    A study states that ocular or Retinal Migraines can cause eye pain and even lead to loss of vision.

    Mirgrain eye pain is usually accompanied by headaches for about 60 minutes in a person.

    Migraines can lead to acute headaches, which can be responsible for ocular pain in several cases.

    To learn more about how Migraine causes eye pain, read Migraine Eye Pain Explained: Symptoms, Causes, and Solutions.

    Covid Eye Pain

    The COVID-19 infection resulted in ocular pain in several individuals through different eye conditions.

    Some people experienced Conjunctivitis (pink eyes) due to Covid, which resulted in eye pain.

    The pain in the eyes also manifests in other eye conditions like retinovascular diseases, Uveitis, and other fungal infections.

    Do you wish to learn more about eye pain due to Covid? Read All You Need to Know About COVID Eye Pain.

    Retinovascular Diseases refers to a group of eye conditions that affect one’s retinal blood vessels, which can potentially cause problems in vision and even blindness.

    Glaucoma Eye Pain

    Glaucoma is a severe eye condition that often happens due to high eye pressure and can even lead to blindness.

    The intraocular pressure or pressure in the eyes due to Glaucoma often causes stress on the eyes.

    This strain on the eyes results in ocular pain and pain in the adjacent tissues of the eyes.

    Are you curious to know more about the painful nature of Glaucoma? Read Is Glaucoma Painful? Understanding the Pain Factor.

    Eye Pain Due to Infections

    eye pain  due to infectionsSource: Ocskaymark from Getty Images
    women suffering from eye pain due to infections

    Eye infection, which may be bacterial, viral, or fungal in nature, can often result in eye pain as its symptoms.

    These conditions often include pink eyes, Uveitis, or Keratitis, which often leads to inflammation of the eyes.

    This inflammation increases the eye’s sensitivity to light and results in ocular pain.

    The infection in the sinus or Sinusitis causes changes in the structure and functions of the optic nerves, which may also cause Sinus eye pain.

    Eye Pain After Cataract Surgery

    In some cases, individuals who have undergone Cataract surgery may experience pain in the eyes.

    Research states that this pain after the surgery is usually common in the first few hours after the surgery.

    This eye pain may happen due to surgical trauma and inflammation due to it.

    People may also face dry eyes after cataract surgery, which can also result in ocular pain due to lack of lubrication.

    Eye Pain Treatment

    The treatment of eye pain highly depends on the factors that are causing it.

    Since optical pain can often interfere with one’s comfort, it is necessary to learn about its available treatments.

    Doctors may often suggest medications, and sometimes, people may choose eye pain home remedies.

    This section will discuss the available treatments for eye pain in detail.

    Eye Pain Home Remedies

    In the cases of mild optical pain, home remedies like using warm and cold compresses can help a person.

    In order to reduce the eye pain caused by infections, one can improve ocular hygiene to reduce the infections.

    If a person is experiencing eye pain due to Migraines or photophobia, using sunglasses outdoors and resting in a dark place might be beneficial.

    Tea bags and witch hazel have anti-inflammatory properties, which may help with eye pain during infections.

    To learn more about home remedies for eye infections, read Home Remedies for Eye Infection: Easy Ways to Soothe and Heal.

    If you are using home remedies to reduce the pain in your eyes, it is best to consult a doctor before applying them. In some cases, it might lead to serious consequences if they are not used properly.

    Eye Pain Medications

     old women consulting with a doctor having eye pain Source: studioroman
    old women consulting with a doctor having eye pain

    If a person is experiencing eye pain due to infections, doctors may often suggest antibiotics, antivirals, or antifungal medications.

    They may also prescribe pain relievers and anti-inflammatory medicines when the pain is severe.

    Pain relievers like Ibuprofen can be highly helpful in treating Migraine eye pain in any given individual.

    Artificial tear drops can sometimes help soothe eye pain symptoms like burning, redness, and dry eyes.


    Eye Pain in an individual can happen as a shooting or sharp pain during blinking or moving one’s eyes.

    Ocular pain is often associated with symptoms like blurry vision, photophobia, redness, watery eyes, and nausea.

    The causes behind eye pain include Glaucoma, Migraines, eye infections, and Cataract surgery.

    Home remedies like warm and cold compresses, improving ocular hygiene, and resting in a dark place can help soothe the pain.

    In these cases, Doctors may also prescribe antibiotics, antivirals, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory medications.

    You should consult your doctor immediately if you are experiencing severe ocular pain.

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    Frequently Asked Questions

    Is eye pain a symptom of anything?

    Yes, eye pain can be a symptom of several eye conditions or health issues. These conditions usually include dry eyes, Glaucoma, Uveitis, pink eyes, and Migraines.

    When should I be concerned about eye pain?

    If your eye pain is getting acute and results in blurry vision, sensitivity to light, and redness, it can be a serious concern. If the optical pain happens due to serious eye conditions like Glaucoma and Uveitis, it may lead to vision loss.

    How can I prevent eye pain from happening?

    The best way to prevent eye pain from happening is through regular eye checkups, reducing screen time, and maintaining proper eye hygiene.

    What are the least common causes of eye pain?

    The less common causes of eye pain include conditions such as Uveitis, Scleritis, and Orbital Cellulitis. Other uncommon triggers of optical pain include foreign bodies in the eye, such as metal particles, and rare genetic eye disorders.

    Does using contact lenses often lead to ocular pain?

    Yes, using contact lenses for a long period or using them improperly may cause ocular pain. Wearing contact lenses can cause dry eyes, allergies, and infections, leading to pain in the eyes.

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    Photo of author Janet Fudge
    Janet Fudge is a highly skilled and experienced pharmacologist who serves as a contributing writer for With a strong academic background from a premier US University and a passion for helping others, Janet has become a trusted voice in the pharmaceutical world. After completing her Doctor of Pharmacy degree, Janet embarked on a successful career in the pharmaceutical industry, working with various clients, including hospitals, retail pharmacies, and drug manufacturers. Her in-depth knowledge of pharmacology and dedication to patient-centered care has led her to excel in her field. As a writer for, Janet uses her wealth of expertise to provide readers with accurate, reliable, and up-to-date information on various topics related to medicine and healthcare. Her engaging writing style and ability to break down complex topics into easily digestible content make her a valuable resource for healthcare professionals and the general public.
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