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What is Ejaculation: Know the Benefits and Related Issues

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Both men (or Assigned Males at Birth) and women (or Assigned Females at birth) undergo the sexual experience of ejaculation.

Female ejaculation is the ejection of fluid from the urethra during sexual arousal or orgasm. It is different from the cervical fluid that lubricates the vagina when aroused.

Whereas ejaculation is a natural and vital part of the male sexual experience, playing a central role in both pleasure and reproduction.

Male ejaculation refers to releasing semen from the penis, accompanied by intense physical and emotional sensations. 

The process of ejaculation involves two stages, including emission and expulsion.

In this article, we will learn what ejaculation is and its benefits. We will also shed light on how ejaculation occurs and ejaculation-related problems.

What is ejaculation

Female ejaculation is the release of a thick fluid during arousal. It is discharged through the urethra. However, the fluid can vary between individuals.

On the other hand, male ejaculation is the release of semen from the body in response to sexual stimulation.

Male ejaculation and male orgasm typically co-occur. However, an individual can ejaculate without orgasm and vice versa.

How Women’s ejaculation happens

Women’s ejaculation is the expulsion of fluid from a female’s urethra during sex, which can happen during arousal. However, it is not necessarily associated with having an orgasm. 

Different fluids can be expelled during sex, and they eject through other parts of the body.

The first type is female ejaculation fluid, which looks more like male sperm.

According to a study, approximately a teaspoon (3–5 cc) of fluid is discharged through the urethra. 

It resembles watered-down fat-free milk, tastes sweet, and has no urine odor. The Paraurethral glands produce this fluid.

Researchers found Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) in this fluid. PSA is an enzyme found in male sperm that contributes to sperm motility.

The analysis demonstrates that the fluid is chemically distinct from urine. It typically results from stimulation of the G spot and frequently occurs during orgasm.

However, people often get confused between female ejaculation and squirting. 

Typically, squirting fluid is colorless and odorless. It starts in the bladder and has a composition similar to that of urine. This fluid is generally discharged in more significant quantities than ejaculate and can occasionally contain PSA.

Still wondering about female ejaculation? To understand it better, read Do Women Ejaculate: What it Is and Benefits.

Did you know?
Paraurethral glands are also referred to as Skene’s glands, Garter’s duct, and the female prostate.

How male ejaculation happens

As mentioned, ejaculation in males occurs in two phases – Emission and expulsion.


The first stage of the emission phase is the closure of the bladder neck to prevent the backflow of seminal fluid into the bladder.

The autonomic nervous system initiates the initial phase of ejaculation. 

During this stage, sperm moves from the testes and epididymis to the opening of the urethra (prostatic urethra).


This is the second phase of ejaculation, where semen is moved through the urethra and expelled from the body. 

The somatic nervous system controls expulsion, and the base muscle of the penis contracts every 0.8 seconds to force or shoot the semen out of the penis in several spurts.

Now, since you have understood how male ejaculation happens, you must be thinking, ‘How Often Should a Man Ejaculate?’ To get the answer to this question, read How Often Should a Man Ejaculate? Get the Facts Here.

Benefits of ejaculation

Ejaculation can benefit both men and women. However, the specific benefits may vary between the sexes.

Men might experience benefits like a lower risk of prostate cancer, stress relief, improved sleep, and easing Depression.

On the other hand, women may experience benefits like improved pelvic floor health, lowered risk of Breast Cancer, and reduced risk of Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs).

If you want to understand the benefits of not ejaculating, read Exploring the Surprising Benefits of Not Ejaculating.

Male ejaculation benefits

A depressed man sitting down on the floor Source: Urbazon_from_Getty_Images
Depression – Psychological factors

Male ejaculation benefits include –

  • Reduced risk of prostate cancer: Regular ejaculation may help maintain prostate health by flushing out potentially harmful substances and reducing the risk of certain prostate conditions.
  • Lowering stress levels: Ejaculation regularly might also help with stress and improve sleep. During sexual arousal, Oxytocin and Dopamine are released. 
    A study suggests that Oxytocin is linked to decreased stress levels, positive emotions, and a sense of comfort in social settings.
  • Easing Depression: As mentioned, Dopamine is released during sexual arousal. Dopamine is associated with positive emotions and mood regulation. 
    The temporary surge of these hormones during ejaculation can contribute to an overall sense of well-being and help with Depression.

Female ejaculation benefits

Women’s ejaculation benefits include –

  • Improved pelvic floor health: Ejaculation may involve contractions of the pelvic floor muscles, which can help strengthen these muscles and maintain their overall health.
  • Prevent Breast Cancer: As per a study, Oxytocin might help prevent Breast Cancer. And as Oxytocin is released during ejaculation, it might help with it.
  • Reduced risk of UTIs: Some studies suggest that fluid release during female ejaculation may help flush out bacteria from the urethra, potentially reducing the risk of UTIs.

Ejaculation conditions

There is a common belief that male ejaculation is a sign of sexual satisfaction. 

However, concerns can arise when this process does not occur or when ejaculation issues arise. 

Various physical and psychological factors influence ejaculation, and any disruption in these factors can lead to ejaculation problems

Some individuals may experience delayed ejaculation or none at all.

In contrast, others may encounter the issue of Premature Ejaculation, where ejaculation occurs too quickly.

Premature Ejaculation

Premature Ejaculation (PE) is a prevalent ejaculation problem in men, affecting approximately 30% of individuals worldwide. 

This condition is characterized by ejaculating earlier than desired during sexual intercourse. 

PE can lead to sexual performance anxiety in affected individuals.

Doctors may recommend exercises and techniques to manage PE in the initial stages.

Doctors may prescribe Dapoxetine medications to help manage the condition if these exercises are ineffective. Dapoxetine is a Selective Serotonin Re-Uptake Inhibitor (SSRI), which is an effective medicine specially formulated to treat Premature Ejaculation.

It is essential to consult with a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment of Premature Ejaculation.

If you want to learn more about PE exercises, read Exercise for Premature Ejaculation: What it is and Types

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  • Delayed Ejaculation

    Delayed Ejaculation, also known as impaired ejaculation, occurs when it takes a longer time of sexual stimulation to reach orgasm and ejaculate. 

    It affects around 1-4% of the male population but needs to be extensively studied.

    Treatment for Delayed Ejaculation may involve medications or talk therapy, depending on the underlying causes. 

    Consulting with a healthcare professional is essential to determine the appropriate treatment options for this condition.

    To expand your understanding of Delayed Ejaculation causes, read The Causes of Delayed Ejaculation: A Comprehensive Guide.

    Retrograde Ejaculation

    Retrograde Ejaculation, also known as dry orgasm, is a condition where orgasm occurs without the ejaculation of semen. Instead, the semen enters the bladder. 

    Symptoms of Retrograde Ejaculation may include reduced ejaculation or dry orgasm, cloudy urine, and infertility. 

    While it is generally not considered a severe condition, it may require treatment when attempting to conceive. 

    Consult a healthcare provider to understand the causes and potential treatment options for Retrograde Ejaculation.

    To know in depth about Retrograde Ejaculation causes, read 3 Retrograde Ejaculation Causes You Should be Aware of.

    Bloody Ejaculation

    Above 40 year old consulting urologistSource: Africa_Image
    Above 40 year old consulting urologist

    Blood in the semen, known as Hematospermia, can concern some individuals. 

    However, suppose you are under 40 years old and have no risk factors or symptoms of an underlying health condition. 

    In that case, it is usually not a cause for alarm as it often resolves independently. 

    However, suppose you are over 40 or have any underlying health conditions. 

    In that case, you should look for evaluation and potential treatment, especially if there are repeated episodes of blood in ejaculation or similar symptoms during urination or ejaculation. 

    Conferring with a physician can help determine the underlying cause and provide appropriate guidance.


    Both men and women experience ejaculation.

    It is the ejection of fluid that occurs due to sexual stimulation. In the case of men, they discharge a thick white fluid known as semen. 

    On the other hand, different women ejaculate different types of fluid. It can be thick white fluid like the male’s fluid or colorless and odorless.

    There are several benefits of ejaculation in both men and women.

    Men may experience advantages such as a lower risk of prostate cancer, stress relief, improved sleep, and potential alleviation of depression symptoms. 

    Conversely, women may enjoy improved pelvic floor health, reduced risk of breast cancer, and lower risk of UTIs.

    However, there are several medical conditions related to male ejaculation.

    These include Premature Ejaculation, Retrograde Ejaculation, Bloody Ejaculation, and Delayed Ejaculation.

    Some of these conditions can be treated easily with the help of medicines. For instance, PE can be treated with medication containing Dapoxetine. 

    At the same time, some conditions require therapy or surgeries.

    Do not self-medicate. Always consult a medical professional if you are facing ejaculation issues. They will examine you and prescribe you treatment accordingly.

    Frequently Asked Questions

    Is it possible to have ejaculation after vasectomy?

    Yes, it is possible to have ejaculation after a vasectomy. A vasectomy only blocks the sperm from reaching the semen. Still, it does not affect the production of semen or the ability to ejaculate.

    How to delay ejaculation?

    To delay ejaculation, techniques such as the stop-start method, the squeeze technique, and practicing pelvic floor exercises can be helpful. Communicating with a healthcare professional or a sex therapist can also provide additional guidance and support.

    How does ejaculation work?

    Ejaculation works in two phases, emission, and expulsion. In emission, the sperm moves from the testes and epididymis to the opening of the urethra. In expulsion, the penis contract every 0.8 seconds to force or shoot the semen out of the penis in several spurts.

    How to increase ejaculation?

    To potentially increase ejaculation volume, staying hydrated, engaging in regular sexual activity, and maintaining overall good health can help. Some individuals may find that certain supplements, such as zinc or L-arginine, can potentially support healthy semen production. Still, it’s essential to consult a healthcare professional before taking supplements.

    Is ejaculation healthy?

    Yes, ejaculation is considered a healthy and normal physiological process. It helps release sexual tension, promotes male prostate health, and can positively affect mental well-being. However, it’s essential to maintain a balanced approach and engage in safe and consensual sexual practices.

    What does ejaculation feel like?

    Ejaculation is a deeply pleasurable and intense experience that is often described as a powerful release of sexual tension. It is accompanied by rhythmic contractions in the pelvic area and a euphoric sensation of release and satisfaction. The exact feelings can vary from person to person. Still, it is generally considered a highly enjoyable and fulfilling moment of sexual climax.

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    Photo of author Janet Fudge
    Janet Fudge is a highly skilled and experienced pharmacologist who serves as a contributing writer for With a strong academic background from a premier US University and a passion for helping others, Janet has become a trusted voice in the pharmaceutical world. After completing her Doctor of Pharmacy degree, Janet embarked on a successful career in the pharmaceutical industry, working with various clients, including hospitals, retail pharmacies, and drug manufacturers. Her in-depth knowledge of pharmacology and dedication to patient-centered care has led her to excel in her field. As a writer for, Janet uses her wealth of expertise to provide readers with accurate, reliable, and up-to-date information on various topics related to medicine and healthcare. Her engaging writing style and ability to break down complex topics into easily digestible content make her a valuable resource for healthcare professionals and the general public.
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