Heart & Blood Pressure

Heart & Blood Pressure

Heart and Blood Pressure

If you are above 40 years and have attended any kind of Medical OPD for whatever problem it may have been, You would’ve been subjected to the question “Are you hypertensive?” or “Do you have High BP?” Or eRead more...

Shop By
Shopping Options
Manufactured by
  1. Abbott Pharmaceuticals, India8item
  2. Abbott Healthcare, India25item
  3. Ajanta Pharma, India4item
  4. Cipla, India75item
  5. Intas Pharmaceuticals, India34item
  6. ION Healthcare, India4item
  7. Macleods, India12item
  8. Solrex Pharmaceutical, India3item
  9. Sun Pharmaceuticals, India65item
  10. Sun Pharma Laboratories, India12item
  11. Zydus Healthcare, India9item
  12. Zydus Cadila, India31item
  13. Cadila Healthcare, India1 item
  14. Allkind Healthcare, India1 item
  15. Sanofi, India 1 item
  16. USV, India19item
  17. Knoll Healthcare, India8item
  18. Aristo Pharmaceuticals, India17item
  19. Unichem Laboratories, India14item
  20. Alembic Pharmaceuticals, India6item
  21. Alkem Laboratories, India9item
  22. AstraZeneca, India13item
  23. Bayer Pharmaceuticals, Germany2item
  24. Bayer Pharmaceuticals, India3item
  25. Biochem Pharmaceutical, India3item
  26. Cadila Pharmaceuticals, India10item
  27. Dr Reddy's, India15item
  28. FDC, India7item
  29. German Remedies, India2item
  30. Glenmark Pharmaceuticals, India11item
  31. Himalaya, India1 item
  32. Ipca Laboratories, India15item
  33. Kalindi Medicure, India1 item
  34. Lupin, India41item
  35. Micro Labs, India24item
  36. MSD (Merck Sharp & Dohme) Pharmaceuticals, India4item
  37. Ozone Pharmaceuticals, India1 item
  38. Pfizer, India3item
  39. RPG Life Sciences, India5item
  40. Samarth Life Sciences, India1 item
  41. Torrent Pharmaceuticals, India47item
  42. Tosc International, India2item
  43. Novartis, India7item
  44. Pritam International, India1 item
  45. Macleods Pharmaceuticals, India6item
  46. Biocon Pharma, India1 item
  47. Khandelwal Laboratories, India1 item
  48. Astra Zeneca2item
  49. Concordia International, Canada1 item
  50. Deva Pharma, Turkey2item
  51. GSK, India1 item
  52. Hetero Drugs, India1 item
  53. J B Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals, India21item
  54. Lincoln Pharmaceuticals, India1 item
  55. Lysi HF, Iceland1 item
  56. Nicholas Piramal, India1 item
  57. Pfizer5item
  58. Sandoz Pharma, Turkey1 item
  59. Swiss Caps, Switzerland1 item
  60. Systopic Laboratories, India3item
  61. Troikaa Pharma, India5item
  62. Wockhardt, India5item
  63. Elder Pharmaceuticals, India6item
  64. Leeford Pharma, India2item
  65. Mankind Pharma, India17item
  66. Akumentis Healthcare2item
  67. Med Manor Organics1 item
  68. Johnlee Pharmaceuticals, India33item
  69. Taj Pharma India2item
  70. Emcure Pharmaceuticals, India16item
  71. MSN Laboratories1 item
  72. Indiabulls Pharmaceutical2item
  73. Zuventus Healthcare2item
  74. Merck Pharmaceuticals1 item
  75. Eris Lifesciences11item
  76. Aimil Pharmaceuticals1 item
  77. Morepen Laboratories10item
  78. Psychotropics India Limited1 item
  79. Aprica Pharmaceuticals2item
  80. Delvin Formulations2item
  81. La Renon Healthcare2item
  82. Medley Pharmaceuticals3item
  83. Shreya Life Sciences1 item
  84. East West Pharmaceuticals8item
  85. Comed Chemicals2item
  86. Bal Pharma2item
  87. Serdia Pharmaceuticals2item
  88. Tas Med India4item
  89. Nukind Healthcare1 item
  90. Pifer Pharmaceuticals1 item
  91. Invision Medi Sciences1 item
  92. Zee Laboratories2item
  93. Prevento Pharma4item
  94. TVB Healthcare1 item
  95. Consern Pharma4item
  96. Anthem Biopharma1 item
  97. Fusion Healthcare 1 item
  98. A N Pharmacia1 item
  99. Noel Pharma, India1 item
  100. Vibcare Pharma2item
  101. Globus Labs1 item
  102. Franco-Indian Pharmaceuticals3item
  103. Ordain Health Care Global6item
  104. Golgi Usa Research Laboratories2item
  105. Gruentzig Pharmaceuticals2item
  106. Avinash Health Products2item
  107. Corona Remedies3item
  108. Jubilant Life Sciences3item
  109. Feron Healthcare1 item
  110. Aretaeus Pharmaceuticals2item
  111. HBC Lifesciences1 item
  112. Koye Pharmaceuticals1 item
  113. Azkka Pharmaceuticals1 item
  114. Brilliant Lifesciences3item
  115. R B Pharmaceuticals1 item
  116. Orris Pharmaceuticals1 item
  117. Ikon Remedies1 item
  118. Lloyd Healthcare2item
  119. Zodley Pharmaceuticals1 item
  120. Oaknet Healthcare5item
  121. Vitabolik Pharma1 item
  122. Proqol Healthcare1 item
  123. Ergos Life Sciences1 item
  124. Wings Biotech2item
  125. Dalmia Healthcare1 item
  126. Acekinetics Healthcare1 item
  127. Mitoch Pharma1 item
  128. Intra Labs India1 item
  129. Caplet India2item
  130. Makeway Formulations2item
  131. Vasolife Healthcare2item
  132. Retra Life Science1 item
  133. Kardic Kare1 item
  134. Elbrit LIfe Sciences2item
  135. Organic Laboratories1 item
  136. Salubry Life Sciences1 item
  137. Aishwarya Healthcare1 item
  138. Shine Pharmaceuticals4item
  139. HAB Pharmaceuticals1 item
  140. Healing Pharma Pvt.Ltd21item
  141. Roussel Laboratories Pvt Ltd2item
  142. Dellwich Healthcare LLP2item
  143. Helios Pharmaceuticals3item
  144. Geno Pharmaceuticals Limited1 item
  145. Focus Healthcare1 item
  146. Psychocare Health Pvt Ltd2item
  147. Votary Laboratories I Ltd 1 item
  148. Walton Healthcare Pvt. Ltd1 item
  149. Themis Medicare Ltd2item
  150. Mano Pharma Pvt Ltd2item
  151. Sarvagunaushdhi Pvt Ltd1 item
  152. Nexkem Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd1 item
  153. Eridanus Healthcare1 item
  154. Albus Healthcare Pvt Ltd1 item
  155. Quince Lifesciences Pvt Ltd1 item
  156. Stadmed Pvt Ltd.1 item
  157. Tenet Healthcare1 item
  158. Urvija Pharmaceuticals1 item
  159. Litaka Pharmaceuticals Ltd1 item
  160. Zenlabs Ethica Ltd1 item
  161. Euro Biogenics1 item
  162. Vidakem Lifesciences Pvt Ltd1 item
  163. Nvron Life Science Ltd1 item
  164. Twilight Mercantiles Ltd1 item
  165. Orchid Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals Ltd1 item
  166. Taurus Laboratories Pvt Ltd1 item
  167. Alde Medi Impex Ltd1 item
  168. Hygen Healthcare Pvt Ltd1 item
  169. GRAF Laboratories Pvt Ltd1 item
  170. Swast Aushadhi Seva Generic Medicine Store1 item
  171. Shrrishti Health Care Products Pvt Ltd3item
  172. Stallion Laboratories Pvt Ltd1 item
  173. Wecare Formulations Pvt Ltd1 item
  174. Sunij Pharma Pvt Ltd1 item
  175. Elikem Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd1 item
  176. Fidelity Lifesciences Pvt Ltd1 item
  177. Pficus De Med Pvt Ltd1 item
  178. Zeuson Medicines Pvt Ltd1 item
  179. Jarun Pharmaceuticals1 item
  180. Grownbury Pharmaceuticals Pvt Ltd1 item
View as Grid List

Items 1-20 of 902

Set Descending Direction
per page

Heart and Blood Pressure

If you are above 40 years and have attended any kind of Medical OPD for whatever problem it may have been, You would’ve been subjected to the question “Are you hypertensive?” or “Do you have High BP?” Or else, if you are a person of very much a Type A personality or if you get angry for a lot of things or get stressed often or get too emotional, you would’ve heard someone tell you “Come on, take it easy or you are gonna get High Blood Pressure” So, Hypertension or High Blood Pressure is not an uncommon word for most of us, but does it have as much understanding as its popularity? That’s where this article will help you.

High Blood Pressure is directly related to heart problems. Increased blood pressure increases the strain on the heart and results in cardiac problems.

Definition of High Blood Pressure:

High Blood Pressure is a very common disease with more than 30% prevalence rate. Technically it is defined as a Systolic Blood pressure more than 140mmHg and a Diastolic Blood Pressure of more than 90mm Hg. But it can be better described as a progressive cardiovascular syndrome characterized by the presence of BP elevation to a level that places an individual at an increased risk of target organ damage in multiple vascular beds.

Causes of High Blood Pressure :

It is called Primary or essential hypertension when the increase in blood pressure occurs first without any demonstrable causes. When there might be other systemic causes resulting in the elevation of blood pressure, then it is called as secondary hypertension. Both of them have different causes as follows.

Primary or Essential Hypertension (95%)

  • Genetics

  • Aging

  • Obesity

  • Sedentary Lifestyle

  • Stress

  • Type A Personality

  • Excessive Alcohol Intake

  • Insulin Resistance

  • Salt Sensitivity

Secondary Hypertension (5%)

It is secondary to disease processes like renovascular or renal parenchymal diseases, endocrinopathies, side effects of drugs, obstructive sleep apnoea or tumors like pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma

Clinical features of High Blood Pressure :


Patients are generally asymptomatic until end-organ damage occurs. Hence Hypertension is picked up with routine BP measurements. Symptoms of End organ damage are Coronary Artery Disease (Chest pain), Heart Failure (Difficulty in Breathing or pedal edema), Prior Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attacks (Dementia or focal deficits), Peripheral Artery Disease (Claudication), Renal Disease.

Diagnosis of high blood pressure :

High Blood Pressure can also be a physiological phenomenon during times of stress, fright and flight. It can also be increased because of the anxiety associated with visiting a doctor. Hence, there is a diagnostic criterion to establish a pathological increase in blood pressure. Diagnosis of Hypertension is established by documenting an SBP of more than 140mmHg or a DBP of more than 90mmHg based on the average of two or more readings obtained on each of two or more visits.

Management of Hypertension

Hypertension is not curable but it is very much Treatable. The aim of treatment is to maintain the blood pressure at an optimum level so as to prevent any end-organ damages.

The goal of antihypertensive therapy is to reduce the morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular (heart and blood vessels related) diseases attributable to hypertension.

Lifestyle modification is very important in the management of hypertension. It includes reducing weight, quitting smoking, reducing alcohol consumption, regular exercises etc.

Medication is generally considered appropriate for

  • Patients less than 60 years with SBP >140mmHg and/or DBP >90mmHg

  • Patients more than 60 years with SBP >150 mmHg and /or DBP >90 mmHg

The Various Drugs used for Hypertension are:

Prazosin, Enalapril, Labetalol, Sodium Nitroprusside, Telmisartan, Amlodipine, Diuretics etc.

Complications of Hypertension:

So, why is it so important to identify and treat hypertension? It is important because the complications that are associated with prolonged hypertension are life-threatening. Some of them are as follows:

1. Coronary Artery Disease:

In simple terms, it is called Heart Attack. When the pressure in the blood vessels supplying blood to your heart is raised, it can result in decreased blood supply to your heart muscles producing pain (angina) or worse (ischemia) and even death of your heart muscle tissues (infarction).

2. Cerebrovascular Accident:

Stroke or Cerebrovascular accidents are a direct result of very high blood pressure resulting in either clogging or bursting of the blood vessels of your brain resulting in severe life threatening situations.

3. Hypertensive Encephalopathy:

Another Disease affecting the Brain.

4. Hypertensive Retinopathy:

When the Blood pressure within the vessels of your eyes increases, it can cause serious damage which might even result in the loss of your eyesight.

5. Bleeding from Nose:

The pressure increase in the blood vessels of your nose results in bursting of those vessels and bleeding through the nose.

Preventive Measures:

1. Exercise Regularly

About 30 minutes of brisk walking thrice a week, can do wonders to your body by releasing the necessary endorphins. Brisk walking is nothing but walking at a pace that is slightly less than your maximum threshold. You must be able to maintain a conversation without catching for breath while walking briskly.

2. Reduce Salt Intake

Restricting Salt in your food is the single most effective thing that can keep your BP at optimum levels.

3. Eat Healthy

Avoid Junk Food and basically packed food items because the preservatives contain high salt content that would cause your blood pressure to shoot.

4. Cut down on Smoking and Alcohol

Changing your personal habits and cutting down on smoking and alcohol can reduce your incidence of getting hypertensive complications.

5. Get your BP checked regularly by your doctor. Especially if you are 40+ or you have a family history of hypertension.

Heart diseases associated with hypertension:

        1. Ischemic changes in the heart

        2. Left ventricular hypertrophy

        3. Coronary artery disease

        4. Angina pectoris

        5. Myocardial infarction (heart attack)

        6. Cerebrovascular accidents (stroke)

Myths And Facts

  • Myth: High Blood Pressure is a usual aging phenomenon which need not be treated.

  • Fact: High Blood Pressure is a lifestyle disease which needs to be managed appropriately to prevent systemic complications which might be as dangerous as death.